(22 October 1899 - 1949?) was a
former Croatian and Yugoslav politician.
Hebrang was born in the village of Baćevac, near Virovitica to father Andrija Hebrang and mother Cela
Strasser. During World War I, he was stationed for a
time in Osijek, Zagreb, and finally
the battlefields in Gorizia, Italy where he
stayed until the end of the war.
Not long after in 1919, he
joined the League of
Communists of Yugoslavia
and became heavily involved in
socialist political causes. He was arrested in 1924 for his
involvement in protests for trade union rights.
By the late 1920s, Hebrang had risen to high ranks in the Communist
Party, and was several times arrested and jailed for his various
activities. It was during this time that he became acquainted with
Josip Broz Tito
. He was in 1929, along
with several other communists, arrested in Belgrade for
communist activities, and was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment
and hard labor in Lepoglava and Sremska
was released from prison in February 1941, and when World War II
began in Yugoslavia, he joined the
and becomes the
secretary to the Committee of the Communist Party of Croatia
In 1942 Hebrang was captured by the Ustashe
and sent to Stara
Gradiska concentration camp
, where he was later exchanged along
with his future wife, Olga, for several Ustasha officials.
traveled to Bihac to attend
the Anti-fascist Council of the National
Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ).
He also helps form the
State Antifascist Council of the National
Liberation of Croatia
(ZAVNOH) and serves as the
vice-president. Only two years later he was relieved of his duties
due to his aspirations for Croatian autonomy in Yugoslavia.
Nevertheless, in 1945 he leads a Yugoslav
delegation to the Soviet
Union with Sreten
Žujović, where they secretly affirmed their Stalinist views.
Downfall and death
, Hebrang was being blacklisted within
the party, and was subsequently thrown out of the League of Communists of
. By March his phones were tapped, and in April he
was placed under house arrest, relieved of all official duties.
In May he
was accused of collaborating with the Ustashe and the Gestapo in
order to sabotage Yugoslavia and spy for the Soviets after Tito broke with
He was arrested in Belgrade by
agents and tried for numerous treasons,
while his wife and small children were put under house arrest.
Andrija Hebrang disappears under suspicious circumstances; UDBA
official Milorad Milatovic who was in charge of the Hebrang case
claimed in 1952 that he committed suicide in prison on 11 June
1949, but his body was never recovered and no official death
certificate was filed. In the late 1980s, historians Milatovic and
Ivankovic-Vonta revealed that the Hebrang was assassinated in his
Belgrade prison cell for political reasons.
Not long after Hebrang's arrest, his wife Olga was to twelve years
in prison, and his children were sent to live with his siter Ilona
in Zagreb. Furthermore, Hebrang's family were forced to change
their surname as the government blacklisted anything to do with the
name Hebrang. In 1992, the government of the Republic of Croatia rehabilitated Andrija Hebrang and declared him a
"victim of communism".
His sons Andrija
and Branko have been
instrumental in trying to rehabilitate their father and return his