Angela Manalang-Gloria (1907
- 1995) was a Filipino female
poet in the English
Caridad Legaspi Manalang was born on August 2, 1907 in Guagua, Pampanga to parents,
Felipe Dizon Manalang (born in Mexico, Pampanga) and Tomasa Legaspi
(whom she hardly mentions).
However, their family later
settled in the Bicol region, particularly in Albay. Caring--as she
is fondly called--studied at St. Agnes Academy in Legaspi, where
she graduated valedictorian in elementary. In her senior year, she
moved to St. Scholastica's College in Malate, Manila, in which her
writing started to get noticed.
Angela Manalang was among the first generation female students at
the University of the Philippines. Angela initially enrolled in
law, as suggested by her father. However, with the advice of her
professor who also becomes her mentor, C.V. Wickers, she eventually
transferred to literature.
It was also during her education at the University of the
Philippines that she and poet, Jose Garcia Villa developed a
life-long rivalry. Both poets vied for the position of literary
editor of The Philippine Collegian
, which Manalang
eventually held for two successive years. In her junior year, she
was quietly engaged to Celedonio Gloria whom she married. She
graduated summa cum laude with the degree of Ph.B. in March
After graduation, Manalang-Gloria worked briefly for the
Philippine Herald Mid-Week Magazine
. However, this was cut
short when she contracted tuberculosis. On March 11, 1945, her
husband Celedonio and her son Ruben were attacked by a Japanese
patrol in Alitagtag, Batangas. Though her husband died, Ruben was
able to survive, yet his trauma had been so severe that he could
not bring himself to recount the attack. This event left
Manalang-Gloria a young widow with three children to support, which
forced her to abandon writing and enter the abaca business, which
she successfully managed.
Angela Manalang-Gloria died in 1995.
the author of Revolt from Hymen, a
poem protesting against marital rape, which caused her denial by an
all-male jury from winning the Philippine's Commonwealth Literary Awards in 1940.
She was also the
author of the poetry
, first published in 1940 (and revised in 1950). The
collection contained the best of her early work as well as
unpublished poems written between 1934-1938. Her last poem, Old
Maid Walking on a City Street
can also be found in the
collection. This book was her entry to the Commonwealth Literary
Awards, losing to Rafael Zulueta y da Costa’s verse Like the
- The Major Collections Filipino Writers in English: Angela
Manalang-Gloria, Ateneo Library of Women's Writings, date
retrieved: 27 May 2007
- Manlapaz, Edna Zapanta. Angela Manalang Gloria : a literary
biography. Quezon City : Ateneo de Manila University Press,
- Manlapaz, Edna Zapanta. Filipino women writers in English :
their story, 1905-2002. Quezon City : Ateneo de Manila
University Press, c2003.