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Années de pèlerinage (Years of Pilgrimage) (S.160, S.161, S.163) is a set of three suites by Franz Liszt for solo piano. Liszt's complete musical style is evident in this masterwork, which ranges from virtuosic fireworks to sincerely moving emotional statements. His musical maturity can be seen evolving through his experience and travel. The third volume is especially notable as an example of his later style. It was composed well after the first two volumes and displays less showy virtuosity and more harmonic experimentation.

The suites

Première année: Suisse

The title translates to "First Year: Switzerland." It was published in 1855. Nos. 1–4, 6, 8 and 9 are revisions, composed 1848–1854, of pieces in the cycle Album d'un voyageur, composed 1835–1836 and published in 1842.

  1. Chapelle de Guillaume Tell (William Tell's Chapel)
  2. Au lac de Wallenstadt (At Lake Wallenstadtmarker)
  3. Pastorale
  4. Au bord d'une source (Beside a Spring)
  5. Orage (Storm)
  6. Vallée d'Obermann (Obermann's Valley)
  7. Eglogue (Eclogue)
  8. Le mal du pays (Homesickness)
  9. Les cloches de Genève: Nocturne (The Bells of Genevamarker: Nocturne)


Deuxième Année: Italie

Title translates as "Second Year: Italy." Published 1856; composed 1837–1849; nos. 4–6 are revisions of Tre sonetti del Petrarca (Three sonnets of Petrarch) composed ca. 1839–1846 and published 1846.
  1. Sposalizio (Marriage (of the Virgin: a painting by Raphael))
  2. Il penseroso (The Thinker (a statue by Michelangelo))
  3. Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa (Canzonetta of Salvator Rosa)
  4. Sonetto 47 del Petrarca (Petrarch's Sonnet 47)
  5. Sonetto 104 del Petrarca (Petrarch's Sonnet 104)
  6. Sonetto 123 del Petrarca (Petrarch's Sonnet 123)
  7. Après une lecture de Dante: Fantasia Quasi Sonata (After Reading Dante: Fantasia Quasi Sonata)
  • Venezia e Napoli (Venicemarker and Naplesmarker (supplement to the Second Year)); Published 1861; composed 1859, partially as a revision of an earlier set with the same name Composed ca. 1840)
  1. Gondoliera (Gondolier's Song (based on the song "La Biondina in Gondoletta" Giovanni Battista Peruchini))
  2. Canzone (Canzone (based on the gondolier's song "Nessun Maggior Dolore" from Rossini's Otello))
  3. Tarantella (Tarantella (using themes by Guillaume-Louis Cottrau, 1797–1847))


Troisième Année

Title translates as "Third Year." Published 1883; nos 1–4 and 7 composed in 1877; no 5, 1872; no 6, 1867
  1. Angélus! Prière aux anges gardiens (Angelus! Prayer to the Guardian angels (dedicated to Daniela von Bulow, Liszt's grand-daughter, first daughter of Hans von Bülow and Cosima Liszt and wife of art historian Henry Thode.))
  2. Aux cyprès de la Villa d'Este I: Thrénodie (To the Cypress of the Villa d'Estemarker I: Threnody)
  3. Aux cyprès de la Villa d'Este II: Thrénodie (To the Cypresses of the Villa d'Este II: Threnody)
  4. Les jeux d'eaux à la Villa d'Este (The Fountains of the Villa d'Estemarker)
  5. Sunt lacrymae rerum/En mode hongrois (There are Tears for Things/In the Hungarian Mode (dedicated to Hans von Bülow))
  6. Marche funèbre (Funeral March (In memory of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico)
  7. Sursum corda (Lift Up Your Hearts)


In media

Sound recordings

There have been numerous recordings made of the suites, in both complete and incomplete form.

Claudio Arrau (1ere Année: Suisse) 1928, 1969, 1989
Claudio Arrau (2e Année: Italie) 1937, 1969, 1982, 1984
Claudio Arrau (3e Année: Italie) 1928, 1969, 1983
Jerome Rose (Complete Suite, 1973)
Lazar Berman (Liszt: Années De Pèlerinage) (Deutsche Grammophon) 1977
Zoltán Kocsis (Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage, Troisième Année) (Philips) 1986
Aldo Ciccolini (Liszt: Les Années de pèlerinage) (EMI Classics) 2003
Stephen Hough (Liszt: Années de pèlerinage - Suisse) (Hyperion Records) 2005
Yoram Ish-Hurwitz (Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage, Première Année (Suisse)) (Turtle Records) 2004
Yoram Ish-Hurwitz (Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage, Deuxième Année (Italie)) (Turtle Records) 2003
Yoram Ish-Hurwitz (Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage, Troisième Année) (Turtle Records) 2004
Leslie Howard (All 3 Années de Pèlerinage) 1995, 1996 and 1990 (Hyperion Records)
Ksenia Nosikova (Liszt: Années de pèlerinage) (Centaur Records, Inc.) 2001, 2003, 2005
Tamás Vásáry (2e Année: Italie) (BBC music Magazine) recorded 1986, published May 1997
Jeffrey Swann (Complete Suite, 1989) (akademia)
Roberto Poli (2e Année: Italie) OnClassical recorded 1998, published 2008
Louis Lortie (Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage, Deuxième Année (Italie)) (Chandos) 1991
Frederic Chiu (Liszt: Années de pèlerinage - Italie, Venezia e Napoli) (Harmonia Mundi) 2001


Video

Alfred Brendel (Deutsche Grammophon) DVD


In print

Dover Publications has issued a complete edition in one bound volume. Also included is an appendix of related works including Lyon (from the first book of Album d'un voyageur), Apparitions, Tre sonetti del Petrarca, and the original version of Venezia e Napoli.

References

  1. Années De Pèlerinage, Complete. Franz Liszt, J. Milstein. (ed.) (Dover Publications, 1987) ISBN 0486256278


External links




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