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Anna Georges Eshoo (born December 13, 1942) is a U.S. politician who has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, representing California's 14th congressional district. The district, which includes part of Silicon Valleymarker, includes the cities of Redwood Citymarker, Sunnyvalemarker and Palo Altomarker. She is the only Member of Congress of Aramean descent but shares her Armenian heritage with Congresswoman Jackie Speier who is of Armenian and German Jewish heritage.

Family background

Anna Eshoo was born in New Britain, Connecticutmarker, of Aramean and Armenian heritage. Her father, Fred Georges, was a jeweler and watchmaker. She is a Chaldean Catholic and is the oldest of three children. She has a brother, Frederick Kenneth Georges, and a sister, Veronica May Georges. Her sister is married to Lawrence Patrick Purcell and they have two children, Celine and Alexander Purcell.

She was married to attorney George Eshoo and is now divorced, with two children, Karen and Paul. She now resides in Atherton, Californiamarker.


Professional career

Political career

U.S. House of Representatives

In 1988, in the middle of Eshoo's second term on the San Mateo Board of Supervisors, Anna Eshoo ran for Congress in what was then the 12th District, but lost narrowly to Stanfordmarker law professor Tom Campbell. However, when Campbell made an unsuccessful run for the Senate in 1992, Eshoo ran for his vacated Congressional seat, which had been renumbered the 14th as a result of redistricting. She won by 17 points, becoming the first Democrat to represent the district since its creation in 1953 (it was the 11th District from 1953 to 1983 and the 12th from 1983 to 1993). She has been reelected eight times, never facing serious opposition. Most recently, she defeated Ronny Santana on November 4, 2008, garnering more than 70 percent of the vote.

In 2003, Eshoo was elected by her Democratic colleagues in the 108th Congress as an At-Large Democratic Whip, and she has served in that position to the present. She is currently the only Assyrian American member of Congress and one of two Armenian American members of Congress. The other Armenian-American in Congress is Jackie Speier, who represents the rest of San Mateo County.

On January 30, 2008, Rep. Eshoo formally endorsed Illinois Senator Barack Obama for President.

Issues and legislation

Anna Eshoo's complete voting record can be viewed at Vote Smart


Anna Eshoo has been a consistent of supporter of sustainable, renewable energy. In 2005, she worked with Nancy Pelosi to develop the Democratic Innovation Agenda, which calls for America to achieve independence from Middle East oil over the next ten years. She has led efforts to raise fuel standards for automakers, and pursued reliance on alternative energy sources both in California and nationally. Legislation includes:

Click here to download a copy of Eshoo's floor statement on H.R. 3321, the New Direction for Energy Independence Act.

Human rights

Anna Eshoo is a strong supporter of the gay rights movement. In 1992 when a gay bashing mailer was directed at Supervisor Tom Nolan (the first openly gay supervisor in San Mateo and her opponent for her congressional seat) Anna Eshoo stood fast in defending him, his record and years of service. She opposed the Marriage Protection Amendment and the Marriage Protection Act. Her website says the bill is "discriminatory, singling out for the first time a minority to prevent their interests from being considered by the highest courts in the land."

As one of just two Assyrian members of Congress, Eshoo has worked hard to protect indigenous Aramean Christians in Iraqmarker from continuing religious persecution and political exclusion. She authored an amendment to H.R. 2601, the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, requesting that "special attention should be paid to the welfare of Chaldo-Assyrians and other indigenous Christians in Iraq."

Rep. Eshoo has also fought strongly against certain provisions of the Patriot Act, particularly Section 215 (Access to Business Records), which gives federal investigators the right to obtain any tangible business record without obtaining a subpoena.


Rep. Eshoo has worked to create a legal "pathway to citizenship" for foreign workers of all kinds, from doctors and computer programmers to migrant farm workers. She has voted to increase the annual cap on H-1B visas to allow more temporary foreign professionals to work in the United States (especially those with Master's Degrees or higher).

In her state of California, where as much as 90% of the agricultural workforce is composed of illegal immigrants, Rep. Eshoo cosponsored H.R. 371, the Agricultural Jobs Act, which would confer blue card status on illegal immigrants who had worked an agricultural job in the United States for 150 days or more. This bill never became law.

Other legislation includes:


In November 2005, Rep. Eshoo led the House Democratic Caucus in introducing the "Innovation Agenda." Representative Eshoo developed this comprehensive policy in conjunction with House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi and others after extensive consultation with Silicon Valleymarker and tech leaders around the country, venture capitalists, and scholars.

She authored a bill authorizing electronic signatures and introduced controversial legislation to help alleviate the proliferation of unsolicited email, known as spam. The U.S. House of Representatives passed The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (S. 877), which authorizes a “Do Not Spam” list, regulates commercial email, and imposes fines on spammers. Eshoo authored the Consumer Internet Privacy Enhancement Act of 2001 (H.R. 237), created a program to provide discounts to schools and libraries for Internet access, and authored the Computer Donation Incentive Act.

Rep. Eshoo introduced HR 2428, the Broadband Conduit Deployment Act of 2009. The bill would require new federal road projects to include plastic conduits buried along the side of the roadway, and enough of them to "accommodate multiple broadband providers." “According to industry experts, more than half of the cost of new broadband deployment is attributable to the expense of tearing up and repaving roads,” said Rep. Eshoo. “By putting the broadband conduit in place while the ground beneath the roadways is exposed, we will enable any authorized communications provider to come in later and install fiber-optic cable at far less cost.” The bill is supported by Google.

Together with Rep. Edward Markey Eshoo introduced the Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009, which would make Net Neutrality the law.


Eshoo created student advisory boards in 1993 consisting of youth from her congressional district, who advise her on policies and make recommendations, and are located in Palo Alto, San Mateo and Santa Cruz. The students attend biweekly meetings and choose one topic to focus on each year. Past topics have included health care, the crisis in Darfur, medicine, voter reform, foreign affairs, and the media. Eshoo also hosts a congressional arts competition, which students can apply to win.

Committee assignments


  • Congressional E-911 Caucus, Co-Chair
  • Cancer Care Working Group, Co-Chair
  • House 21st Century Health Care Caucus, Vice Chair
  • House Information Technology Working Group, Co-Chair
  • Congressional Internet Caucus, Founding Member
  • House Medical Technology Caucus, Co-Chair
  • Bipartisan Congressional Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease
  • California Democratic Congressional Delegation
  • Armenian Caucus
  • Coalition for Autism Research and Education (CARE)
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
  • Congressional Biomedical Research Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues
  • Congressional Caucus on Armenian Issues
  • Congressional Coalition on Adoption
  • Congressional Diabetes Caucus
  • Congressional Food Safety Caucus
  • Congressional Kidney Caucus
  • Congressional Organic Caucus
  • Congressional Prevention Coalition
  • Congressional Shipbuilding Caucus
  • Congressional Taiwan Caucus
  • Congressional Wildlife Refuge Caucus
  • House Biotechnology Caucus
  • House Cancer Caucus
  • House National Marine Sanctuary Caucus
  • House Oceans Caucus
  • House Recycling Caucus
  • Long-Term Care Caucus
  • United States-Philippines Friendship Caucus

Electoral History


  • Chair, San Mateo County General Hospital Board of Directors, 1984-1992
  • Member, American Association of University Women
  • Former Chair, Bay Area Air Quality Management District
  • Former Member, Bay Conservation and Development Commission
  • Democratic Activists for Women Now
  • Junior League of Palo Alto
  • League of Conservation Voters
  • Member, League of Women Voters
  • Co Founder, San Mateo Women's Hall of Fame.

Awards and honors

  • 1989 Legislator of the Year Award from the California's Governor's Committee on the Employing of the Disabled
  • 1991 Margaret Sanger Community Service Award from San Mateo County Planned Parenthood
  • 1990 Friend of BAYMEC Award
  • 1989 Public Official of the Year by the State Commission on Aging
  • 1987 Humanitarian of the Year by Easter Seal
  • First woman to join her local chapter of Kiwanis International.

Contact information

Washington DC Office

205 Cannon HOB

Washington, DC 20515, Phone: (202) 225-8104,Fax: (202) 225-8890

Palo Alto Office

698 Emerson Street

Palo Alto, California 94301

Phone: (650) 323-2984, Phone: (408) 245-2339, Phone: (831) 335-2020, Fax: (650) 323-3498


External links

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