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Annaba ( , formerly Bône, historically Hippo) is a city in the northeastern corner of Algeriamarker near the river Seybouse and the Tunisianmarker border. It is located in Annaba Province. With a population of 258,058 (2002 estimate), it is the fourth largest city in Algeria. It is a leading industrial centre in eastern Algeria.

Prehistory and History

See Hippo Regiusmarker for Classical and Ecclesiastical history
The vicinity of Annaba has yielded evidence of very early hominid occupation at Ain el Hanech, near Saïda (ca. 200,000 B.C.), including artefacts that show remarkable tool-making craftsmanship. Other archaeological finds include tools in the Levalloisian and Mousterian styles produced by humans (Homo sapiens) well before 100,000 years ago, similar to those in the Levant. According to some sources, prehistoric Algeria was the site of the most advanced development of flake-tool techniques in the Middle Early Stone Age (Middle Paleolithic). Tools from this era, starting from at least as early as 85,000 B.C., are called Aterian after the site Bir el Ater south of Annaba. These tools are marked by a high standard of workmanship, great variety, and specialization. See Prehistory of Central North Africa.

Annaba, which was called Hippo Regiusmarker during Roman times, was probably founded by the Phoeniciansmarker in the 12th century BC. It was a centre of early Christianity. Augustine of Hippo was bishop here from 396 until 430. The city has buildings from its Roman, Christian, and Muslim eras.

During French rule, the city was known as Bône. It was one of the main European settlements, having a sizeable pied-noir minority. One famous pied-noir from Bône was Alphonse Juin, a Marshal of France and a former NATO Central Europe Commander.

Historical population
Year Population Year Population
1882 22,000 1931 68,800
1886 29,600 1936 83,300
1892 30,800 1948 102,800
1896 32,300 1954 114,100
1899 34,500 1960 164,000
1901 37,000 1966 168,800
1906 42,900 1974 313,200
1911 42,000 1977 222,600 (town)
255,900 (municipality)
1921 45,200 1987 305,500
222,500 (municipality)
1926 51,900 1998 244,800 (municipality)


One of Annaba's most notable educational institutions is Annaba University. As of 2004, there are over 40,000 students enrolled (

Transportation and industry

Annaba is served by Rabah Bitat Airportmarker, an international airport whose IATA airport code is AAE.Annaba has rail links to the Algerian cities of Constantinemarker and Algiersmarker.


Annaba is known for its beautiful beaches and family night life. Most tourists are from France and Italy.



External links

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