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Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, later Duchess of York and Duchess of Norfolk (10 December 1472 – 19 November (?) 1481) was the child bride of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, one of the Princes in the Tower. She died at the age of eight.

Heiress

She was born at Framlingham Castlemarker in Suffolk, the only (surviving) child of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth de Mowbray, Duchess of Norfolk. Her maternal grandparents were John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp. The death of her father in 1476 left Anne a wealthy heiress.

Marriage

On 15 January 1478, she was married in St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, to Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, the 4-year-old son of Edward IV and his queen Elizabeth Woodville.

Death and heirs

Anne died at Greenwichmarker in Londonmarker, nearly two years before her husband disappeared into the Tower of Londonmarker with his older brother Edward V

Upon her death, her heirs normally would have been her cousins William, Viscount Berkeley and John, Lord Howard, but by an act of Parliament in January 1483 the rights were given to her husband Richard, with reversion to his descendants, and, failing that, to the descendants of his father Edward IV. This action may be a motivation for Lord Howard's support of the accession of Richard III. He was created Duke of Norfolk and given his half of the Mowbray estates after Richard's coronation.

Burial

Anne was entombed in a lead coffin in the Chapel of St. Erasmus of Formiae in Westminster Abbeymarker. When that chapel was demolished in about 1502 to make way for the Henry VII Lady Chapelmarker, Anne's coffin was moved to a vault under the Abbey of the Minoresses, run by nuns of the Order of Poor Ladies. Her coffin eventually disappeared.

In December 1964, construction workers in Stepneymarker accidentally dug into the vault and found Anne's coffin. It was opened, and her remains were analyzed by scientists and then entombed in Westminster Abbeymarker in May 1965. Her red hair was still on her skull and her shroud still wrapped around her. Westminster Abbey is also the alleged resting place of her husband Richard Duke of York.

See also



Notes

  1. Ross 248


References

  • Stephen, Leslie. "Mowbray, John (VI)" Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder, & Co, 1885. (p. 225) googlebooks Accessed 16 December, 2007
  • P. M. Kendall, The World of Anne Mowbray, Observer Colour Magazine, issued 23 May 1965
  • M. A. Rushton, The Teeth of Anne Mowbray, British Dental Journal, issued 19 October 1965
  • Stepney Child Burial, Joint press release from the London Museum and Westminster Abbey, issued 15 January 1965
  • Roger Warwick, Skeletal Remains of a Medieval Child, London Archaeologist, Vol. 5 No. 7, issued summer 1986



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