Professor Annie Altschul
(b. 18 February 1919, Vienna –
December 2001, Edinburgh) was a British nurse,
midwife, researcher and educator.
Vienna, Annie Therese Altschul was five
years old when her father was killed in a railway accident.
studying mathematics at the University of Vienna when she and her family fled the Anschluss in 1938, winding up in London.
She trained as a nurse and midwife at Epsom County Hospital. In
1946 Altschul became a staff nurse at the Maudsley Hospital, a
psychiatric centre. In 1964 Altschul left Maudsley to be a lecturer
in the Department of Nursing Studies at Edinburgh University
. In 1972 Altschul
wrote Patient-Nurse Interaction
. In 1976 she became
Professor of Nursing Studies, and remained at Edinburgh University
until her retirement in 1983.
Prof. Altschul observed the effects when patients were moved to
smaller accommodations during the redecoration of the large wards
at Dingleton mental hospital in the Scottish Borders
. She observed that the
closer interaction between nurses and patients resulted in less
hyperactivity and less need for certain types ofmedications.
- Mental Health Commission in Scotland
- The Socialist Medical Association
- The Scottish General Nursing Council
- Royal College of
She was appointed CBE in 1983. She established theProfessor
Annie Altschul Publication Prize