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Anoka County is the fourth most populous county in the U.S. state of Minnesotamarker. The county is bordered by the counties of Isantimarker on the north, Chisagomarker and Washingtonmarker on the east, Hennepinmarker and Ramseymarker on the south, Sherburnemarker on the west, and the Mississippi River on the southwest. Anoka County comprises the north portion of seven-county Minneapolis-Saint Paulmarker, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States with about 3.2 million residents. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population of Anoka County at 327,005 in 2006. The county seat is Anokamarker . The largest city is Coon Rapidsmarker.

One of the state's early settlements, the Rum River which cuts through the county, was a common route to Lake Mille Lacsmarker, the spiritual homeland of the Mdewakanton Dakota. The river was traveled under captivity by Louis Hennepin in his first exploration of the region. The area became a center of fur trade and logging as French and French Canadian communities grew in the cities of Anokamarker and Centervillemarker. Organized in 1857, the county's southern border eventually met Minneapolismarker and has become a predominantly suburban area following the construction of Interstate 35W. The county is home to local Twin Cities destinations such as the National Sports Centermarker, Heights Theater, and Northtown Mall.

Anoka County is named after the City of Anoka in which is derived from the Dakota word anokatanhan meaning "on both sides", or "from both sides", referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River.

History

Anoka County was organized on May 23rd, 1857. Anoka was formed from parts of both Ramsey Countymarker and Benton Countymarker. The Rum River previously divided the line between the two counties. The first white men to come across and walk on what is now Anoka County was Father Louis Hennepin, who was a Franciscan friar, and two other companions. Not soon after, fur traders began to settle in the area which is now Ramsey County. They settled on the Rum River and more people were attracted to the area. A community was created which is now called Anoka. The word Anoka comes from the Indian language meaning "on both sides", or "from both sides", because many houses and buildings began to rise on both sides of the river.

By an act of the legislature Anoka County was formed from Ramsey County on May 23rd, 1857. The boundaries were mainly the same as they are now, except for a small part of the southeastern tip along the Mississippi River and at the south. It was a small portion that connected to Ramsey and occupied one-third of the congressional township. It was then attached to Anoka County by constitutional amendment November 2nd, 1869. It later became known as Fridley in 1879.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 298,084 people, 106,428 households, and 79,395 families residing in the county. The population density was 704 people per square mile (272/km²). There were 108,091 housing units at an average density of 255 per square mile (99/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.64% White, 1.60% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 1.69% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. 1.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.2% were of German, 14.3% Norwegian, 9.0% Swedish, 7.3% Irish and 5.9% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.
There were 106,428 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 19.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,754, and the median income for a family was $64,261. Males had a median income of $41,527 versus $30,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,297. About 2.90% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Presidential Election Results 2000-2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 47.73% 86,976 50.13% 91,357
2004 46.09% 80,226 52.77% 91,853
2000 46.70% 68,008 47.56% 69,256


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,156 km²), of which 424 square miles (1,097 km²) is land and 23 square miles (59 km²) (5.08%) is water.

Anoka County is made up of large cities. Some of those include:



Major highways



Adjacent counties



National protected area



County Commissioners

As of January 2007
  • District 1 (western Andover, western Anoka, Bethel, Burns, western Oak Grove, Ramsey, Saint Francis) - Dennis Berg, Chair
  • District 2 (northeastern Andover, northern Blaine, East Bethel, Ham Lake, eastern Oak Grove) - Dick Lang
  • District 3 (central Blaine, northern Fridley, Spring Lake Park) - Robyn West
  • District 4 (Columbia Heights, southern Fridley, Hilltop) - Jim Kordiak, Vice Chair
  • District 5 (southern Andover and eastern Coon Rapids) - Scott LeDoux
  • District 6 (southeastern Blaine, Centerville, Circle Pines, Columbus, Lexington, Lino Lakes, Linwood) - Rhonda Sivarajah
  • District 7 (eastern Anoka and western Coon Rapids) - Dan Erhart


Topography and Vegetation

Lakes and Rivers include: Brooks and Creeks include:


References



External links




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