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Anomoeanism: Map

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In 4th century Christianity, the Anomœans, also known as Anomeans, Heterousians, Aetians, or Eunomians, were a sect of Arian who asserted that Jesus of Nazarethmarker (the Son) was of a different nature and in no way like to that of God (the Father). They believed that the opinions of Arius, as he originally expressed them, were correct, but rejected his later confessions, which he adopted in order to be readmitted into the Church.

The word Anomœan comes from Greek - 'not' and 'similar', i.e., "different; dissimilar". In the 4th century, during the reign of Constantius II, this was the name by which the followers of Aëtius and Eunomius were distinguished as a theological party; they not only denied the consubstantiality of Jesus but even asserted that he was of a nature different from that of God. This was in contradistinction to the semi-Arians, who indeed denied the consubstantiality of Jesus, but believed at the same time that he was like the Father.

The semi-Arians condemned the Anomœans in the Council of Seleucia, and the Anomœans condemned the semi-Arians in their turn, in the Councils of Constantinople and Antioch; erasing the word out of the formula of Rimini, and that of Constantinople, and protesting that the word had not only a different substance, but also a will different from that of the Father. Whence they were to be called .

In the 5th century, the Anomœan presbyter Philostorgius wrote an Anomœan Church history.

Notable Anomoeans



Notable opponents of Anomoeanism



See also



References

  1. Philostorgius, Church History.
  2. Philostorgius, in Photius, Epitome of the Ecclesiastical History of Philostorgius, book 7, chapter 6.
  3. Socrates Scholasticus, Church History, book 2, chapter 35.
  4. Philostorgius, in Photius, Epitome of the Ecclesiastical History of Philostorgius, book 8, chapter 2 and book 9, chapter 18.
  5. Socrates Scholasticus, Church History, book 2, chapter 40.
  6. Philostorgius, in Photius, Epitome of the Ecclesiastical History of Philostorgius, book 5, chapter 3 and book 6, chapters 1-3.
  7. Philostorgius, in Photius, Epitome of the Ecclesiastical History of Philostorgius, book 8, chapter 2.



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