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Map of Antelope Island State Park
A herd of bison on Antelope Island.
Fielding Garr Ranch on Antelope Island.
Coast of Antelope Island as seen from the causeway.


Antelope Island, with an area of , is the largest island in the Great Salt Lakemarker, the largest lake in the Western United States, and the largest saltwater lake in the Western Hemispheremarker. The island lies entirely within Davis Countymarker, in the southeastern portion of the lake and becomes a peninsula when the lake is at extremely low levels.

Antelope Island holds populations of pronghorn antelope, porcupine, badger, coyote, bobcat, bighorn sheep, 600 American bison and millions of waterfowl. The bison were introduced to the island in 1893, and have proven to be a valuable genetic pool for bison breeding and conservation purposes.

State Park

Antelope Island State Parkmarker is a state park located on the island, established in 1981, part of the Utah State Parks System. The island is accessible via a 7-mile (11 km) causeway from Syracusemarker in Davis Countymarker. Access from I-15 is via exit 332, Antelope Drive (SR-108). The island's shore is mostly (all but west side of the island) relatively flat with beaches and plains to the base of the mountains on the island. These steep mountains are visible from most of the northern Wasatch Front, reaching a maximum elevation of , which is about above the level of the lake.

Antelope Island State Park operates a 10-watt travelers information station on 530 kHz AM. The transmitter is located on the south side of the causeway close to the island itself. This station can be heard in nearby Ogdenmarker and as far south as Salt Lake Citymarker. It carries information about the park's hours of operation, as well as promotes upcoming events that the state park coordinates.

On the east side of the island, south of the causeway, is the Fielding Garr Ranch. Here one can see the oldest (Anglo) building in Utah that is on its original foundation.

Wildlife

Jack Rabbit in Antelope Island State Park
Jack Rabbit in Antelope Island State Park


Antelope Island has a unique array of wildlife and is famous for its large bison population. The herd fluctuates between 550 and 700 and is one of the largest publicly owned bison herds in the nation.

Other mammals found on the island include mule deer, pronghorn antelope, coyotes, bobcats, badgers, porcupines, jackrabbits and several species of rodents.

Antelope Island and the Great Salt Lake attract numerous migrating and nesting birds. Along the shoreline avocets, black-necked stilts, willets and sanderlings can be observed. The island grasslands provide habitat for long-billed curlews, burrowing owls, chuckars and several species of raptors.

See also



Notes

  1. Czerny, Peter G. (1976). The great Great Salt Lake. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press. ISBN 0-8425-1073-7
  2. www.utah.com/stateparks/great_salt_lake.htm
  3. UDOT Milepost Project: Progress Detail I-15
  4. Salt Lake City DX Log
  5. WPWA752 Traveler's Information Station Transmitter Site


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