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Antonio Caldara

Antonio Caldara (1670 or 1671 26 December 1736) was an Italianmarker Baroque composer.

Caldara was born in Venicemarker (exact date unknown), the son of a violinist. He became a chorister at St Mark's in Venice, where he learned several instruments, probably under the instruction of Giovanni Legrenzi. In 1699 he relocated to Mantuamarker, where he became maestro di cappella to the inept Charles IV, Duke of Mantua, a pensionary of France with a French wife, who took the French side in the War of the Spanish Succession. Caldara removed from Mantua in 1707, after the French were expelled from Italy, then moved on to Barcelonamarker as chamber composer to Charles VI of Austria, the pretender to the Spanish throne who kept a royal court at Barcelona. There, he wrote some operas that are the first Italian operas performed at Spain. He moved on to Romemarker, becoming maestro di cappella to Francesco Maria Marescotti Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Cerveteri. While there he wrote "La constanza in amor vince l'inganno" (Faithfulness in Love Defeats Treachery) for the public theatre at Maceratamarker. In 1716, he obtained a similar post in Viennamarker to serve the Imperial Court, and there he remained until his death.

Caldara is best known as a composer of operas, cantatas and oratorios. Several of his works have libretti by Metastasio.

Noted works

  • Maddalena ai piedi di Cristo (Oratorio, c. 1700)
  • Santo Stefano, primo Re d'Ungheria (Oratorio, 1713)
  • La Conversione di Clodoveo Re di Francia (Oratorio, 1715)
  • La Passione di Gesù Cristo Signor Nostro (Oratorio, 1716)
  • Il Re del dolore (Oratorio, 1722)
  • Stabat Mater (Oratorio, c. 1725)
  • Sebben, crudele (Aria)
  • D'improvviso (Cantata)
  • Pur Dicesti, O Bocca Bella (Aria)
  • Alma Del Core (Aria)
  • Selve amiche (Aria)

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