Apalachicola is a city in
County, Florida on US 98 about 80 miles southwest of Tallahassee.
USS Mercedita helped capture
Apalachicola in 1862.
The population was 2,334 at the 2000
census. The 2005 census estimates gave the city at 2,340.
Apalachicola is the county seat of Franklin
"Apalachicola" comes from the Apalachicola tribe
and is a combination
Indian words "apalahchi,"
meaning "on the other side," and "okli," meaning "people". In
original reference to the settlement, it probably meant "people on
the other side of the river." Many inhabitants of Apalachicola,
however, choose to translate the name of their town as "land of the
Geography and Climate
Apalachicola is located in the northwest part of the state, at , on
Apalachicola Bay and at the mouth of the Apalachicola river.
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 6.9 km²
(2.7 mi²). 4.9 km² (1.9 mi²) of it is land and 2.0 km²
(0.8 mi²) of it (29.32%) is water.
Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Source: USTravelWeather.com 
A trading post called Cottonton was located on the current site of
Apalachicola. In 1827
, the town was
incorporated as West Point
. Apalachicola received
its current name in 1831, by an Act of the Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida
development of railways in the Gulf states, Apalachicola was the
third busiest port in the Gulf of Mexico (behind New Orleans and Mobile).
the late 1800s
and early 1900s
, the sponge
trade, led by Greek
immigrants, was a major
industry in the town. Apalachicola is still the home port for a
variety of seafood workers, including oyster
harvesters and shrimpers
. More than 90% of
Florida's oyster production is harvested from Apalachicola Bay.
Every year the town hosts the Florida Seafood Festival
The bay is
well protected by St. Vincent Island, Flag, Sand, St. George Island, and Cape St. George Island.
Trinity Episcopal Church was incorporated by an Act of the Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida on Feb 11,
Trinity Episcopal Church.
The building was one of the earliest prefabricated
buildings in America. The framework was shipped by schooner from
New York and assembled in Apalachicola with wooden pegs.
Botanist Alvan Wentworth
(1809-1899) settled in Apalachicola in 1846. In 1860,
he published his major work, Flora of the Southern United
. The former (now closed) elementary school is named in
In 1849, Apalachicola physician Dr. John
(1802-1855) discovered the cold-air process of refrigeration
and patented an ice machine
in 1850, as the result of
experiments to lower the temperatures of fever patients, laying the
groundwork for modern refrigeration and air-conditioning. The city
has a monument to him, and a replica of his ice machine is on
display in the John Gorrie Museum.On April 3, 1862, the gunboat USS
and 186 foot steamer USS Mercedita
Apalachicola is also home to the Dixie Theater
professional Equity theater which is both a producing as well as
presenting performance venue. It is considered the artistic center
of Franklin County. Originally built in 1912, it was fully
renovated beginning in 1996 and reopened in 1998.
The AN Railway
, formerly the Apalachicola Northern
, serves the city.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 2,334
people, 1,006 households, and 608 families residing in the city.
The population density
479.3/km² (1,242.1/mi²). There were 1,207 housing units at an
average density of 247.9/km² (642.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the
city was 63.41% White
0.17% Native American
, 0.47% from other races
, and 0.64% from two
or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.67%
of the population.
There were 1,006 households out of which 23.4% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples
living together, 15.0% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families.
34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age
of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to
64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
43 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,073, and the
median income for a family was $28,464. Males had a median income
of $22,500 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$12,227. About 19.9% of families and 25.3% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 32.4%
of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.
Travel to Apalachicola continues to increase as tourists seek
experiences of "Old Florida," as many describe the feel of smaller
coastal communities in the state. Southern
published a feature article 'Florida's Quiet Side'
in February 2007. Wanda
- "Morning comes gently to Apalachicola. Oyster boats and
shrimpboats begin their daily pilgrimages into the seafood-rich bay
as the sun rises on the Northwest Florida coast. The lights twinkle
on in this fishing village, its residents ready for another day in
unspoiled paradise. If you ever wondered if such a place still
exists, yes, old Florida lives here. A lone blinking yellow light
directs the downtown traffic. Come and stay awhile in this
wonderful, walkable, watery hamlet. Try the pace on for size."
Apalachicola is a part of the Franklin County School District
system . As of the 2008-2009 school year, all students, except
those attending charter schools, attend the K-12 Franklin County
School. Apalachicola Bay Charter
is also located in Apalachicola.
- Estimated 2005 U.S. Census for
- Florida Heritage Facts
- Florida Department of State
- Bay Navigator, Brief History
- USS Mercedita history
- Franklin County Schools website