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The Arabs in Turkey (Arabic: العرب في تركيا, Turkish: Türkiye'deki Araplar) are a Semitic people.

Arabs in Turkey are mostly Sunni Islam living along the border with Syria in the provinces such as Gaziantepmarker, Hatay, Mardinmarker, Siirtmarker, Şırnakmarker and Şanlıurfamarker. The Arabs in this part of the border consist of many Bedouin tribes placed there during the Ottoman Empire. Many of these tribes have blood ties to other Bedouins living in Syria, especially in the city of Ar Raqqahmarker.

There are also Alawite Muslims living in Adanamarker, Hatay and Mersinmarker. Most have family ties with the living in Syria. As Alawis, the Arabs of Turkey believe they are subjected to state-condoned discrimination. Fear of persecution actually prompted several thousand Arab Alawis to seek refuge in Syria following Hatay's incorporation into Turkey. The kinship relations established as a result of the 1939-40 emigration have been continually reinforced by marriages and the practice of sending Arab youths from Hatay to colleges in Syria. Since the mid-1960s, the Syrian government has tended to encourage educated Alawi to resettle in Syria, especially if they seem likely to join the ruling Baath Party.

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