The Rakhine Yoma (or Arakan Yoma, Rakhine Roma, Arakan Roma, Rakhine Range) is a mountain arc in western Myanmar (Burma), between the Rakhine coast and the Ayeyawaddy River valley. The arc extends northward for about 600 miles (950 km) from Cape Negrais to Manipur (India) and includes the Naga, Chin, Lushai hills, and Patkai hills.
The mountain range is about 400 kilometers or 250 miles long. The
highest point is Mount Victoria
3,094 meters (10,150 feet).
The Rakhine Mountains are crossed by the An route to Ngape and
Minbu and by an all-weather road from Taungup to Pyay on the
The Rakhine Yoma divides the Rakhine coast from the rest of
Myanmar. It thus acted historically as a barrier between Myanmar
and the Indian subcontinent.This played the role in causing the
seperate development of the Rakhine
both linguistically and culturally from the Burmese
. It also served as a barrier against Burmese
invasions thus enabled Arakan to develop itself as an independent
political entity centered around various cities such as Mrauk U and Waithali.
The Rakhine Yoma functions as a climatic barrier, cutting off the
southwestern monsoon rains from central Myanmar. The Rakhine Yoma
is part of the Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma
. It is home to an elephant population
and also the critically endangered Arakan Forest Turle
which was considered
- Listed as Critically Endangered (CR A2cd, B1+2c v2.3)