is a situation in a war
where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It
is not necessarily the end of a war, but may be just a cessation of
hostilities while an attempt is made to negotiate a lasting peace.
It is derived from the Latin arma
meaning weapons and statium
, meaning a stopping.
A truce or ceasefire
usually refers to a
temporary cessation of
for an agreed limited time or within a limited
area. A truce may be needed in order to negotiate an armistice.An
armistice is a modus vivendi
and is not the same as a peace treaty
which may take months or even years to agree on. The 1953 Korean War
armistice was a major example of an
armistice which was not followed by a peace treaty.
The United Nations
often imposes or tries to impose cease-fire
resolutions on parties in modern conflicts. Armistices are always
negotiated between the parties themselves and are thus generally
seen as more binding than non-mandatory UN cease-fire resolutions
in modern international law.
The key aspect in an armistice is the fact that "all fighting ends
with no one surrendering".This is in contrast to an unconditional surrender
, which is a
surrender without conditions, except for those provided by
Important armistices in history
notable armistice, and the one which is still meant when people in
Europe say simply "The Armistice", is the armistice at the end of
World War I, on 11 November, 1918, signed near Compiègne, France, and effective at the "eleventh hour of the
eleventh day of the eleventh month."
is still celebrated in
many countries on the anniversary of that armistice; alternatively
, or a Sunday near to it, may
still be observed as a Remembrance
Other armistices in history