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Army Group South ( ) was the name of a number of German Army Groups during World War II.

Poland campaign

Germany used two army groups to invade Polandmarker in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. In this campaign Army Group South was led by Gerd von Rundstedt and his chief of staff Erich von Manstein.

Eastern Front

Army Group South was one of three army groups into which the Germans organised their forces for Operation Barbarossa. Army Group South's principal objective was to capture Ukrainemarker and its capital Kievmarker. The Ukraine was a major center of Soviet industry and mining and had the good farmland required for Hitler's plans for Lebensraum ('living space').

Army Group South was then to advance up to the Volga River, subsequently draining a portion of the Red Army and thus clearing the way for the Army Group North and the Army Group Center on their approach to Leningradmarker and Moscowmarker respectively.

To carry out these initial tasks its battle order included the First Panzer Group and the German Sixth, Seventeenth and Eleventh Armies, and the Romanian Third and Fourth Armies.

The German Sixth Army, which fought in the destructive Battle of Stalingradmarker, was later made part of Army Group South.

In preparation for Operation Blue, the 1942 campaign in southern Russia and the Caucasus, Army Group South was split into two armies: Army Group A and Army Group B.

In February 1943, Army Group Don and the existing Army Group B were combined and re-designated Army Group South. A new Army Group B became a major formation elsewhere.

On 4 April 1944, Army Group South was re-designated Army Group North Ukraine. Army Group North Ukraine existed from 4 April to 28 September.

In September 1944, Army Group South Ukraine was again re-designated Army Group South.

Order of Battle for Army Group South, October 1944

Army Group Army Corps Division Remarks
 
South
Gen Friessner
German
Sixth Army
Gen Fretter-Pico

IV Panzer Corps
LtGen Kleeman
24th Panzer Division
 
LXXII Army Corps
LtGen Schmidt
76th Infantry Division
 
Hungarian
VII Army Corps
MajGen Vörös

Hungarian
8th Reserve Division
 

Hungarian
12th Reserve Division
 

III Panzer Corps
LtGen Breith
1st Panzer Division
 
13th Panzer Division
 
23rd Panzer Division
 
Feldherrnhalle
Panzergrenadier Division
 

22nd SS Cavalry Division
Maria Theresa
 

46th Infantry Division
 
503rd Heavy Tank Battalion
 
German
Eighth Army
Gen Wöhler

German
XVII Army Corps
LtGen Kreysing

German
8th Jäger Division
 

Hungarian
27th Infantry Division
 

Hungarian
9th Frontier Brigade
 

Hungarian
IX Army Corps
BrigGen Kovács

German
3rd Mountain Division
 

Hungarian
2nd Replacement Division
 

German
XXIX Army Corps
LtGen Röpke

German
8th SS Cavalry Division
 

German
4th Mountain Division
 

Hungarian
Second Army
LtGen von Dalnoki
(Attached to
German
Sixth Army)




Hungarian
II Army Corps
MajGen Kiss

Hungarian
2nd Armored Division
 

Hungarian
25th Infantry Division
 

German
15th Infantry Division
 

Hungarian
Group Finta
BrigGen Finta

Hungarian
7th Replacement Division
 

Hungarian
1st Replacement
Mountain Brigade
 


Hungarian
2nd Replacement
Mountain Brigade
 


Army Reserve
LtGen von Dalnoki
Hungarian
9th Replacement Division
 

Hungarian
Third Army
LtGen Heszlényi

Hungarian
VIII Army Corps
MajGen Lengyel

Hungarian
23rd Reserve Division
 

Hungarian
5th Replacement Division
 

Hungarian
8th Replacement Division
 

Hungarian
1st Armored Division
 

German
LVII Panzer Corps
LtGen Kirchner

4th SS
Panzergrenadier Division
 

Hungarian
20th Infantry Division
 

Hungarian
1st Cavalry Division
 

Army Reserve
LtGen Heszlényi
Hungarian
Szent László
Infantry Division
 




At the end of World War II in Europe, Army Group South was again re-named. As Army Group Ostmark, the remnants of Army Group South ended the war fighting in and around Austriamarker and Czechoslovakiamarker. Army Group Ostmark was one of the last major German military formations to surrender to the Allies.


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