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Arnolfo di Cambio (c. 1240 – 1300/1310) was an Italianmarker architect and sculptor.

Biography

Arnolfo was born in Colle Val d'Elsamarker, Tuscany.



He was Nicola Pisano’s chief assistant on the marble pulpit for the Duomo in Sienamarker (1265-1268), but he soon began to work independently on an important tomb sculpture. In 1266-1267 he worked in Romemarker for King Charles I of Anjou, portraying him in the famous statue housed in the Campidogliomarker. Around 1282 he finished the monument to Cardinal de Braye in the church of San Domenico in Orvieto, including a Madonna which he created by converting an ancient Roman statue of the goddess Abundantia. In Rome Arnolfo had seen the Cosmatesque art, and its influence can be seen in the intarsio and polychrome glass decorations in the churches of San Paolo fuori le Muramarker and Santa Cecilia in Trasteveremarker, where he worked in 1285 and 1293 respectively. In this period he also worked on the presepio of Santa Maria Maggioremarker, on Santa Maria in Aracoelimarker, on the monument of Pope Boniface VIII (1300) and on the bronze statue of St. Peter in St. Peter's Basilicamarker.

In 1294-1295 he worked in Florence, mainly as an architect. According to his biographer Giorgio Vasari, he was in charge of construction of the cathedralmarker of the city, for which he provided the statues once decorating the lower part of the façade destroyed in 1589. The surviving statues are now in the Museum of the Cathedral. Also attributed to Arnolfo is the design of the Church of Santa Crocemarker. Vasari also attributed to him the urban plan of the new city of San Giovanni Valdarnomarker.

The monumental character of Arnolfo's work has left its mark on the appearance of Florence. His funerary monuments became the model for Gothic funerary art.

Giorgio Vasari included a biography of Arnolfo in his Lives of the Artists.

Selected works

Architecture



Sculpture



File:Tomb of Pope Adrian V froth.jpg|Tomb of Adrian VFile:Tomb of Pope Honorius IV.jpg|Tomb of Honorius IV

References



Footnotes

  1. The name "Arnolfo di Lapo" by which he is mentioned in some sources was an invention by his biographer Giorgio Vasari. See Tomasi, 2007.
  2. The traditional date of 1302 has been recently discovered to be wrong. See Tomasi, 2007.


External links




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