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Arriva plc ( ) is a Britishmarker-based international public transport operator, headquartered in Sunderlandmarker, Tyne & Wear. It has bus and/or rail operations in Denmarkmarker, Germanymarker, Italymarker, the Netherlandsmarker, Portugalmarker, Spainmarker, Swedenmarker, the Czech Republicmarker, Polandmarker, Hungarymarker, Slovakiamarker and the United Kingdommarker. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

It is the third largest bus operator in the UK after First and Stagecoach and has become one of the big five operators that have come to dominate the UK bus market since deregulation, the others being First Group (the largest), Stagecoach, Go-Ahead and National Express.


An example of an Arriva bus
The company was founded by T.S. Cowie in Sunderlandmarker in 1938 as a second hand motorcycle dealer trading as T.Cowie Limited. In 1948 the business was re-launched by Tom Cowie, the founder's son, still selling motorcycles. It moved into motor retailing in the 1960s. In 1972 it formed Cowie Contract Hire which became the largest contract hire business in the United Kingdommarker. In 1980 it acquired the Grey Green Coach and Bus Company in Londonmarker. In 1984 it acquired the Hanger Group and, with it, Interleasing, a large vehicle leasing business. Then in 1996 it bought British Bus Group, which had acquired a number of privatised bus companies. Around the year 2000 it also started to participate in the opportunities created by rail privatisation.

In 1997 it changed its name to Arriva plc. In that year it also bought Unibus in Denmarkmarker, its first venture outside the UK. In 2003 it sold its motor retailing business and in 2006 it sold its vehicle rental business to Northgate for £129m.


United Kingdom

Bus operations

Arriva's bus network in the UK originates from its acquisition of Grey-Green Buses in 1980 and the British Bus Group in 1996. It has the following operating units:

Rail operations

An Arriva train in North Wales.
Arriva Trains Wales/Trenau Arriva Cymru operates the majority of passenger rail service in Walesmarker and the Welsh Marches. It gained the franchise in 2003 and it is due to run for 15 years, subject to Welsh Assembly Government reviews every five years.Arriva also operates CrossCountry which provides rail services on long distance cross country routes in Englandmarker and Scotlandmarker from 11 November 2007 to April 2016. The franchise taken over from Virgin CrossCountry.

Arriva Trains Merseyside ran urban rail services on Merseyside from 2000 to 2003 and Arriva Trains Northern ran local rail services in Northern England from 2000 to 2004.

The Netherlands

Bus operations

An Arriva bus in service in the Netherlands
An Arriva train in service in the Netherlands
Arriva moved into the Dutch market in 1998 when it bought Vancom Nederland and Veonn & Hanze. In 2002 it won tenders in Gelderland and in 2003 won further work in the City of Groningenmarker, Province of Groningenmarker and Drenthe. It won further contracts in 2005 in Drenthe and Waterland and later in the Drechtsteden, Alblasserwaardmarker and Vijfheerenlandenmarker (DAV) area.

Rail operations

Arriva established a joint venture with NS in 1999. It took complete control of this business in 2003. In 2005 it secured a contract to operate trains from Groningenmarker to Leeuwardenmarker, Delfzijlmarker, Roodeschoolmarker and Nieuweschansmarker. It also secured a contract to operate trains from Leeuwarden to Harlingen Havenmarker and to Stavorenmarker. Later that year it secured a contract to operate trains from Dordrechtmarker to Gorinchemmarker and on to Geldermalsenmarker (Merwede-Lingelijn).

Passes and tickets issued under the National Tariff System are valid on Arriva trains.


Bus operations

In 2005 Arriva bought Sippel which operates buses in Frankfurtmarker, Mainzmarker and Wiesbadenmarker. It went to buy Verkehrsbetriebe Bils in 2006, which operates buses in Münstermarker, Warendorfmarker and Hammmarker and later in the year it acquired Neißeverkehr which operates buses in the Neiße region.

Rail operations

In 2004 Arriva acquired Prignitzer Eisenbahn GmbH (PEG), which operates several lines in east Germany around Berlinmarker, Brandenburgmarker, Mecklenburg, North-Rhine Westphaliamarker and Pomerania.

In 2004 it also bought Regentalbahn AG, sometimes known as the Länderbahn, with its subsidiary Vogtlandbahn, which operates regional rail services in southern Saxonymarker, northern and southern Bavariamarker and eastern Thuringiamarker, and a long distance service to Berlin.

In April 2007 Arriva acquired an 86% stake in the Osthannoversche Eisenbahnen AG (OHE): a majority shareholder in the Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft which operates regional train services on the Hamburgmarker to Bremenmarker, Hamburg to Hanovermarker, Hamburg to Cuxhavenmarker and Hanover to Göttingenmarker lines.


Bus operations

Arriva has operated bus lines in southern Swedenmarker/The Skåne Region since 1997 when it acquired Unibus of Denmarkmarker.

Arriva also operates in the city of Jönköping and surrounding areas

Arriva operates bus lines in some municipalities of Stockholms län: Sigtuna kommunmarker, Upplands Väsby kommunmarker and Ekerö kommunmarker[25995].

Arriva will be operating in the Halland Region from 2010, partly taking over services from Swebus.

Rail operations

In June 2007 Arriva won a nine-year franchise for the Pågatåg regional rail services in Skåne Countymarker, south Sweden.


Bus operations

In 1997 Arriva entered the Danish bus transport market, acquiring Unibus. In 2004 it went on to buy Wulff which operates buses in Jutland and Copenhagenmarker and in 2007 it acquired Veolia Scandinavia.

Rail operations

In 2003 Arriva was the first private company to win passenger rail franchises, running services in mid and north Jutland on eight-year concessions. They continue to bid for new franchises in the phased privatisation of the national rail network.


Bus operations

In 2002 Arriva acquired SAB Autoservizi and entered the Italian market, operating in the Lombardy, Liguria and Friuli-Venezia Giulia regions of northern Italymarker.

In 2004 Arriva expanded into the Udine area of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region with the acquisition of 60 per cent of SAF.

In 2005 Arriva began operating SADEM in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aostamarker regions of northern Italy, near Turinmarker. They run public transport bus services as well as commercial, contract and private hire services.

In 2007 Arriva entered a joint venture with Ferrovie Nord Milano Group (FNM SpA) and completed the acquisition of 49 per cent of Italian bus operator SPT Linea.

In 2008 they took control of SAIA Transporti.


Bus operations

In 1999 Arriva entered the Spanish bus market in Galiciamarker acquiring Mercancia Ideal Gallego and Transportes Finisterre. Their services cover three of the four provinces in the region - La Coruñamarker, Lugomarker and Ourensemarker - including part of the famous Santiagomarker pilgrimage route. They are now focusing on working with the metropolitan transport authorities to develop their operations in La Coruña and Ferrolmarker.

In 2002 Arriva began bus service operations in Majorcamarker. Their Autocares Mallorca and Bus Nord operations cover the northern and western parts of the island, linking the capital Palmamarker with towns such as Sollermarker, Incamarker and Alcúdiamarker.

In 2007 Arriva acquired Esfera, an operator in Madridmarker, providing school contracts and private hire bus services, and Autocares Fray Escoba, another local operator.

In 2008 Arriva bought Empresa de Blas y Cia, another bus operator., which operates routes between Madrid and its southwestern suburbs (Alcorcón, Mostoles, Villaviciosa de Odon...), and between these very suburbs. Buses in these towns are called "Blasas" after the name of the company.


Bus operations

In 2000 Arriva entered the Portuguese bus market, acquiring Ami-Transportes and Abilo da Costa Moreira who were running inter-urban services in the north west of Portugalmarker.

In 2002 Arriva acquired Transportes Sul do Tejo, a scheduled bus and coach operator in the growing commuter region south of Lisbonmarker, an area of some 600 square miles. They also operate schools and works contracts here.

In 2006, Arriva acquired a 21.5 percent share of leading transport company Barraqueiro, with bus and rail operations in and around Lisbonmarker, increasing the stake by 10% in 2008.

The Czech Republic

Bus operations

In December 2006, Arriva entered the Czech Republicmarker bus market with the acquisition of Transcentrum Bus s.r.o, a leading company operating bus services to the north-east of Praguemarker. Based in Mladá Boleslavmarker, they operate in the Central Bohemian Regionmarker with additional services in the regions of Liberecmarker and Hradec Králové.

Arriva provide commercial services, contracted services to local authorities, contracted private services and a travel agency. They also have offices in central Prague.

In January 2007, Arriva acquired Bosák Bus s.r.o, which operates to the south west of Praguemarker (Příbrammarker), strengthening their position in the Czech Republic bus market.

In November 2007, Arriva acquierd OSNADO s.r.o., which operates around Trutnovmarker district, near the Krkonoše mountains.

Rail operations

Although Arriva operates on its own no Czech trains, some of the Vogtlandbahn's services, both regional near the borders and long-distance Alex 1, operate on the Czech territory. Although the trains use mostly Arriva's rolling stock and locomotives, on the Czech area they are staffed by the train crews of a Czech railway company.

Besides that, Arriva tries to become more present on the Czech railway market, by taking place in every competition for rail service operation, so far unsuccessfully.


Rail operations

Arriva formed a joint venture with PCC Rail, called Arriva PCC Sp. z o.o. (means Ltd. in Polish), in December 2006. In December 2007 Poland became the 10th country in which Arriva operates transport services. The company won a tender to serve passenger rail traffic on some non-electrified lines in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker, thus effectively breaking the monopoly of the Polskie Koleje Państwowe.


Bus operations

Arriva acquires 80 per cent of Interbus Invest, the holding company of Eurobus Invest, Hungary's largest private bus operator which operates bus services in Hungarymarker and Slovakiamarker.


The "Airlink" blue livery

In the main, for bus and rail operations, Arriva uses a uniform corporate livery. The livery features an aquamarine base colour with a Cotswold Stone coloured semicircle on the upper front section, outlined by a white stripe. A thin yellow stripe runs around the base of the vehicle, and the same yellow is used for any lettering on the vehicle, although some vehicles have lettering in the same light green as their logo.

Various route branding schemes see the liberal application of basic colours and wording to some routes, usually through the application of vinyl stickers.

Initially to comply with Transport for London's contract requirements, Arriva London adapted its livery by using red as the base colour, with extra red at the front to form "horns" instead of a full circle. Latterly, London vehicles have been painted all-over red, with almost no trace of the Arriva corporate livery.

Exceptions to standard livery include:

Senior management

role salary bonus total
Sir Richard Broadbent Non-executive chairman
David R. Martin Chief executive officer £480,000 £375,360 £855,360
Steve P. Lonsdale Group finance director £312,000 £239,300 £551,300
Paul Tallentire Deputy chief executive officer £212,000 £212,000

David Martin has been the chief executive officer of Arriva since 19 April 2006.

See also

References and notes

External links

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