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Arrow Dynamics was a roller coaster design company based in Clearfieldmarker, Utahmarker, United Statesmarker. In 2002, the company went bankrupt but was quickly bought by fellow amusement ride manufacturer S&S Power to form S&S Arrow. During its peak, Arrow Dynamics was responsible for some of the biggest and most influential advancements in the roller coaster industry. From the first tubular steel tracked coaster, Matterhorn Bobsledsmarker at Disneylandmarker, to the first mine train roller coaster Mine Train at Six Flags Over Texasmarker, to the first modern inverting coaster, Corkscrew at Knott's Berry Farmmarker, to the world's first Hypercoaster, Magnum XL 200marker at Cedar Pointmarker, to the world's first fourth dimensional roller coaster, marker at Six Flags Magic Mountainmarker, Arrow Dynamics had a monumental and lasting impact on the roller coaster industry.

History

Beginnings

Arrow Development was founded in 1946 when two World War II veterans, Ed Morgan and Karl Bacon, formed a small machine shop at 243 Moffett Boulevard, just north of Downtown Mountain View, Californiamarker. They started out small, building merry-go-rounds and other rides for local amusement parks.

In 1953 they were contacted by Walt Disney, who was just beginning to plan a new type of amusement park in California. Disney admired Arrow's work and hired the company to help design and build the ride systems for many of Disneylandmarker's original and early rides, including the tea cup ride (Mad Tea Party), King Arthur Carrousel, Mr. Toad's Wild Ride, Casey Jr. Circus Trainmarker, and Snow White's Adventures.

While Arrow designed and tested these rides, Walt Disney made frequent trips up to Mountain View to check on their progress. Then the rides were quickly shipped down to Anaheim to be ready for the park's opening. Disney continued to use Arrow as he expanded Disneyland. The company went on to build Dumbo the Flying Elephant, Autopia, and Alice in Wonderland in coming years.

Move toward roller coaster manufacturing

Matterhorn Bobsleds, the first Arrow Dynamics roller coaster.
In 1959, Arrow Development designed what was to be the first of their many roller coasters, the Matterhorn Bobsledsmarker at Disneylandmarker in Anaheimmarker, Californiamarker. Built in conjunction with WED Imagineeringmarker, the ride was the first modern tubular steel tracked roller coaster in the world.

After construction of the Matterhorn, Disney bought a third of Arrow Development and moved the company to a larger plant at 1555 Plymouth Street in the North Bayshore Area. At the new location, Arrow went on to develop new ride systems for Disney and developed the vehicles and tracks for It's a Small World, Pirates of the Caribbean, Adventure Thru Inner Space, and the Haunted Mansion.

When Arrow wasn't developing rides for Disney, it was creating rides for other amusement parks. It developed the modern log flume ride, which can be seen around the country in many amusement and theme parks today. In the 1970s the company perfected and brought back the loop into modern roller coasters.

Arrow Development began to make significant advancements in the roller coaster industry as well as major installations throughout the United States. In 1975, Arrow installed one of the most important rides of its time, Corkscrew, which made its debut at Knott's Berry Farmmarker as the world's first modern inverting coaster. Arrow made dozens of coasters throughout the decades, including several Corkscrew-style coasters, many "runaway mine train" coasters like Cedar Creek Mine Ridemarker and Adventure Expressmarker, custom-designed coasters like Loch Ness Monstermarker, and Carolina Cyclonemarker. Arrow Dynamics made large advancements not only in roller coaster technology but also in many other fields, such as in water rides (creating the hugely popular log flume rides), as well as many other family-style rides.

Magnum XL-200, the first roller coaster in the world to pass the 200 ft mark.
Some of Arrow Development's later projects included what were at the time the world's tallest roller coasters, such as Magnum XL-200marker at Cedar Pointmarker in 1989 and Pepsi Max Big Onemarker at Blackpool Pleasure Beachmarker in 1994.

Bankruptcy

In the late 1990s, Arrow Development's workload steadily decreased, with few installations toward the end of the decade. Bankruptcy loomed as Arrow made their final attempt to stay afloat with Xmarker, a 4th dimension roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountainmarker. X opened to massive media attention and received an initially positive reception. However, several mechanical problems caused the ride to be closed for repairs during much of its first year of operation.

The company finally fell into bankruptcy in December 2001. During October 2001, the company's assets were sold to fellow amusement ride manufacturer S&S Power. The S&S Arrow division of S&S Power still operates, but basically only to make their 4th dimension coasters. The first multidimensional coaster since X debuted in Japan for 2006, Eejanaikamarker.

Milestones



Note: X2 and X are the same ride; it was reopened in 2008 with new visual effects, a repainted track, and a new train design. The layout is the same.

See also



References



External links




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