Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham
February 1608 – 9 March 1649), was an English royalist
the only son of Sir Henry Capell, of Rayne Hall, Essex, and of Theodosia, daughter of Sir Edward
Montagu of Broughton, Northamptonshire.
He was elected a member of the Short
in 1640 for Hertfordshire
at first supported the opposition to Charles'
arbitrary government, but soon
allied himself with the king's cause, on which side his sympathies
were engaged, and was raised to the peerage by the title of
Baron Capell of Hadham
, in the County of Hertford,
on the 6th of August 1641.
outbreak of the war he was appointed lieutenant-general of Shropshire, Cheshire and North Wales, where he rendered useful military services, and
later was made one of the Prince
of Wales' councillors, and a commissioner at the Treaty of Uxbridge in 1645.
attended the queen in her flight to France in 1646, but
disapproved of the prince's journey thither, and retired to
Jersey, subsequently aiding in the king's escape to the
He was one
of the chief leaders in the second Civil War, but met with no success, and on
the 27th of August, together with Lord Norwich, he
surrendered to Fairfax at
Colchester on promise of quarter for life.
assurance, however, was afterwards interpreted as not binding the
civil authorities, and his fate for some time hung in the balance.
succeeded in escaping from the Tower, but was
again captured, was condemned to death by parliament on the 8th of
March 1649, and was beheaded together with the Duke of Hamilton and
Lord Holland the
Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir Charles Morrison of Cassiobury, Hertfordshire, through whom that estate passed
into his family, and by whom besides four daughters he had five
sons, the eldest Arthur being created earl
of Essex at the Restoration.
Lord Capell also
wrote Daily Observations or Meditations: Divine, Morall
published with some of his letters in 1654, and reprinted, with a
short life of the author, under the title Excellent
, in 1683.