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General Ashraf Rashid (Punjabi, ) (May 23 1948October 2 2004) was a Pakistanimarker general and the former head of the Special Service Group division within the Pakistan Army from October 1995 to September 1999. He was responsible for conducting paramilitary operations and infiltrating Kashmiri militants on the Indianmarker side of the Line of Controlmarker, which subsequently led to the Kargil War. He resigned from his post in September 1999 following the intense pressure on Pakistan from international community to withdraw it's military forces from Kargil..

Military career

General Rashid entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1966. He graduated two years later and joined the Pakistan Army at the rank of lieutenant. He served in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 (during which he was premanently injured on the right cheek) and, later, in the Kargil War, the failure of which he was widely blamed for.Rashid graduated from the Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworthmarker, Kansasmarker.

Before becoming Commander of the Special Service Group commando division, Rashid was Director General of Military Operations, succeeding Jehangir Karamat, who became Chief of Army Staff.

Kargil War and resignation

As head of the Special Service Group, the special operations division, Rashid helped Kashmiri militants infiltrate the Indian side of the Line of Controlmarker in the Kargilmarker district of Kashmirmarker, where his division conducted covert operations. Only Rashid, then-Army Chief of Staff Pervez Musharraf and two other generals knew about the operation.The event marked the beginning of the Kargil War, which ended when the Pakistani Prime Minister ordered the withdrawal of the Pakistan Army, after being pressurized by the USA. Rashid's role in initiating the conflict and increased political pressure led to his resignation in September 1999.


General Rashid died of a heart attack in his home in Lahoremarker, on October 2, 2004.


  1. Singh, Jasjit, Kargil 1999, p. 68 (1999)
  2. Cloughley, Brian, A History of the Pakistan Army: Wars and Insurrections, p. 215 (2006)
  3. Nawaz, Shuja, Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within, p. 420 (2007)

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