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The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committeemarker (IOCmarker). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1951.


Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee (NOC) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognised nations are represented, but a few non-sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Taiwanmarker was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei, due to the political status of Taiwan.

The first Asian games were held at New Delhimarker in 1951, which again hosted it in 1982.

The 15th Asian Gamesmarker were held in Dohamarker, Qatarmarker from December 1 to December 15, 2006. The 16th Asian Games will be held in Guangzhoumarker, Chinamarker from November 12, 2010 to November 27, 2010.

The 2010 Asian Para Games will debut shortly after the conclusion of the 16th Asian Games, using the same facilities and venue made disability-accessible. The inaugural Asian Para Games, the parallel event for athletes with physical disabilities, is a multi-sport event held every four years after every Asian Games.

History

Far Eastern Championship Games

The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Empire of Japanmarker, the Philippine Islandsmarker and the Republic of Chinamarker. The first games were held in Manilamarker in 1913. Other Asian nations participated after it was organized. It was discontinued in 1938 after Japanmarker invaded Chinamarker.

Formation of the Asian Games

After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Games in Londonmarker, Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhimarker, the capital of Indiamarker in which Maharajadhiraj Yadavindra Singh, Maharaja of Patiala played an important role. . They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years.

Reorganization of the Federation

In 1962, the Federation had a disagreement over the inclusion of Republic of Chinamarker and Israelmarker. Asian Games host Indonesia opposed the participation of Republic of China (due to the existence of People's Republic of Chinamarker) and Israel. In 1970, South Koreamarker dropped its plan to host the games due to security threats from North Koreamarker, forcing previous host Thailandmarker to administer the games in Bangkokmarker using the funds of South Korea.In 1973, the Federation had another disagreement after U.S.marker and other countries formally recognized the People's Republic of Chinamarker and Arab nations' opposition to Israel.In 1977, Pakistanmarker dropped its plan to host the games due to conflicts with Bangladeshmarker and Indiamarker. Thailandmarker offered to help and the games were held in Bangkokmarker.
Host countries of the games through 2014.
Red spot denotes the city of the Games.
The Asian NOCs decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation. A new association, named Olympic Council of Asia, was created in November 1981. India was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. OCA formally supervised the games starting from the 1986 Asian Games in South Korea.

In the succeeding games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was readmitted but OCA decided to follow the standards of the IOC for Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei. The OCA also agreed to permanently exclude Israelmarker as its member and requested that the country join European competitions.

Expansion

In the 1994 Asian Games, despite opposition from other nations, OCA admitted the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstanmarker, Kyrgystanmarker, Uzbekistanmarker, Turkmenistanmarker, and Tajikistanmarker.

In 2006 Australia was refused entry by OCA President Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahd Al-Sabah, suggesting that Australia's move from Oceania to Asia would be unfair to the smaller Oceania states.

New Cycle

In 2009 OCA changed the year from the Asian Games to one year ahead of the Olympic Games. After Incheon Asian Games in 2014, the next games will be in 2019.

List of Asian Games

Year Games Host 1st place (Gold) 2nd place (Gold) 3rd place (Gold)
1951
I
New Delhimarker (24) (15) (8)
1954
II
Manilamarker (38) (14) (8)
1958
III
Tokyomarker (67) (9) (8)
1962
IV
Jakartamarker (73) (21) (10)
1966
V
Bangkokmarker (78) (12) (11)
1970
VI1
Bangkokmarker (74) (18) (9)
1974
VII
Tehranmarker (75) (36) (32)
1978
VIII2
Bangkokmarker (70) (51) (18)
1982
IX
New Delhimarker (61) (57) (28)
1986
X
Seoulmarker (94) (93) (58)
1990
XI
Beijing (183) (54) (38)
1994
XII
Hiroshima (125) (64) (63)
1998
XIII
Bangkokmarker (129) (65) (52)
2002
XIV
Busanmarker (150) (96) (44)
2006
XVmarker
Dohamarker (165) (58) (50)
2010
XVI
Guangzhoumarker
2014
XVII
Incheonmarker
2019
XVIII


1 Originally to be hosted by South Koreamarker

2 Originally to be hosted by Pakistanmarker

Sports

Sport 51 54 58 62 66 70 74 78 82 86 90 94 98 02 06marker 10
Aquatics Diving 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 4 4 8 10 10
Swimming 8 13 21 21 23 24 25 29 29 29 31 31 32 32 38 38
Synchronized swimming 2 2 2 2 3
Water polo 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Archery 4 4 12 4 4 4 4 4 4
Athletics 33 30 31 32 34 35 35 39 40 42 43 43 45 45 45 47
Badminton 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Baseball 1 1 1 1 1
Basketball 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Bodybuilding 8 8
Bowling 10 12 12 10 10 12 12
Boxing 7 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 11 11
Canoe / Kayak Flatwater 13 13 12 13 10 12
Slalom 4
Chess sports Chess 3 3
Weiqi 3
Xiangqi 2
Cricket 2
Cue sports 10 10 10 10
Cycling Mountain bike 4 4 18
Road 1 2 4 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 5
Track 3 4 8 8 4 4 5 6 8 7 7 12 12
DanceSport 10
Dragon boat 6
Equestrian 4 6 4 6 6 8 6
Fencing 8 8 8 10 8 10 12 12 12
Football 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Golf 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4
Gymnastics Artistic 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Rhythmic 1 2 2 2 2
Trampoline 2 2
Handball 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Hockey 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Judo 8 16 16 14 16 16 16
Kabaddi 1 1 1 1 1 1
Karate 11 11 11 13 13
Modern pentathlon 2 6 2
Roller sports 9
Rowing 4 8 14 12 11 13 10 14
Rugby 2 2 1 2
Sailing 5 4 4 5 7 7 16 15 14 14
Sepaktakraw 2 1 6 6 6 6
Shooting 6 7 5 14 14 22 22 22 30 40 34 34 42 44 44
Soft tennis 4 4 7 7 7
Softball 1 1 1 1 1 1
Squash 2 2 2 4
Table tennis 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Taekwondo 8 8 16 16 16 16
Tennis 5 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Triathlon 2 2
Volleyball Beach 2 2 2 2
Indoor 2 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Weightlifting 7 7 8 8 8 27 10 10 10 19 19 15 15 15 15
Wrestling 7 8 16 8 10 20 10 10 20 20 20 16 18 18 18
Wushu 6 6 11 11 11 15
Total events 57 77 113 120 140 135 200 199 196 269 308 337 377 419 424 470


See also



References



External links




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