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Asirgarh is an Indian fortress situated in the Satpura Rangemarker, about 20 km. north of the town of Burhanpurmarker, in Burhanpur District of Madhya Pradeshmarker state. The fortress commands a pass through the Satpuras connecting the valleys of the Narmadamarker and Taptimarker rivers, one of the most important routes from northern India to the Deccanmarker in the southwest. It is known as the "key to the Deccan".

According to Thakur Deshraj, the religious book of ScandinaviaEdda’ mentions that the ancient inhabitants of Scandinavia were Jats or Jits who were Aryans known as Asi people and came to this land from Asirgarh in Malwa.

The fortress is home to a tenth-century temple of Shiva. From 1388 it was a stronghold of the Faruqi rulers of Kandesh, who surrendered to the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1601. It is believed that Ashwatthama, the son of Guru Dronacharya in Mahabharata, arrives in the Shiva temple here each morning to offer a red rose and seek blessings. People living around the fort have tried to observe the visit, particularly those who saw lost their eyesight or speech.

History

The ancient inscriptions in the Pali Buddhist character have been discovered in various parts of Rajasthanmarker of the race of Taxak or Tak, relating to the tribe Mori and Parmara are their descendants. Taxak Mori was the lord of Chittormarker from very early period.

The Huna Kingdom of Sialkotmarker (of Mihir Kula 515-540 AD), destroyed by Yashodharman, was subsequently seized by a new dynasty of kshatriyas called Tak or Taxaka. The Taxak Mori as being lords of Chittormarker from very early period and few generations after the Guhilots supplanted the Moris, this palladium of Hindu liberty was assailed by the arms of Islam. (725-35) we find amongst the numerous defenders who appear to have considered the cause of Chittormarker their own the Tak from Asirgarh. This race appears to have retained possession of Asirgarh for at least two centuries after this event as its chieftain was one of the most conspicuous leaders in the array of Prithvi Raj. In the poems of Chandar he is called the "Standard, bearer, Tak of Asir."

In 1536 A.D., the Mughal Emperor Humayun, after his conquest of Gujaratmarker, had visited Burhanpurmarker and Asirgarh, travelling via Barodamarker, Broach (Bharuch) and Suratmarker. Raja Ali Khan (1576-1596 A.D.), also known as Adil Shah, was asked to submit to Akbar, when the latter had sent an expedition to Khandesh, in the summer of 1577 A.D. The former, to avoid an unequal contest with Akbar, dropped his royal title of "Shah" and pledged suzerainty to Akbar. This was a significant achievement of the Mughals, for Khandesh was used as a base for the future conquest of the Deccan. Raja Ali Khan constructed many buildings: Jama Masjid in the upper portion of the fort of Asir in 1588 A.D., Jama Masjid at Burhanpur in 1590 A.D., Idgah at Asir, mausoleums and serai at Burhanpur, and serai and a mosque at Zainabad.

Bahadur Khan (1596-1600 A.D.), successor of Raja Ali Khan, declared his independence and refused to pay homage to Akbar and his son Prince Daniyal, which enraged Akbar, who marched towards Burhanpur in 1599 and occupied the city on 8 April 1600 A.D. without opposition. Akbar visited Asirgarh to inspect it personally, staying for four days before returning to his headquarters at Burhanpur.

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