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AstroTurf is a brand of artificial turf. Though the term is a registered trademark, it is sometimes used as a generic description of any kind of artificial turf. The original AstroTurf product was a short pile synthetic turf while the current products incorporate modern features such as antimicrobial protection, rubber infill, backing systems and nylon yarn fibers.

History

AstroTurf was co-invented in 1965 by Donald L. Elbert, James M. Faria and Robert T. Wright, employees of Monsanto Company. It was patented in 1967 and originally sold under the name "Chemgrass". It was renamed AstroTurf by the Patent Company employee John A. Wortmann after its first well-publicized use at the Houston Astrodomemarker stadium in 1966.

In 1987 Monsanto consolidated its AstroTurf management, marketing, and technical activities in Dalton, Georgia, as AstroTurf Industries, Inc. In 1988 Balsam AG purchased all the capital stock of AstroTurf Industries, Inc. In 1994 Southwest Recreational Industries, Inc. (SWRI) acquired the AstroTurf brand. In 1996 SWRI was acquired by American Sports Products Group Inc. (ASPG). In 2001, SWRI launched a turf system called NexTurf. In 2003 SWRI changed its name to SRI Sports and one year later filed for bankruptcy and the parent company, ASPG, retained the AstroTurf rights. In 2005 Textile Management and Associates (TMA) acquired the AstroTurf assets and intellectual property from ASPG and began marketing the AstroTurf brand under the company AstroTurf, LLC. In 2006 GeneralSports Venue (GSV) became TMA’s marketing partner for the AstroTurf brand for the American market. AstroTurf, LLC handles the marketing of AstroTurf in the rest of the world.

Product timeline

1960s

1964 1965
  • The Houston Astrodomemarker opens with natural turf and a glass roof which causes glare for the fielders. The glass panes with a view of the sun are painted white, and the grass soon dies.
1966
  • AstroTurf is first installed in the Houston Astrodomemarker. The infield was in place in April, but due to lack of supply, the outfield is not completed until July, when the Astros are sent on an extended road trip. The all-synthetic field is ready for play following the All-Star break in July. The first football game played on AstroTurf occurs when the University of Houston Cougars beat the Washington State Cougars.
1967
  • AstroTurf is first installed in an outdoor stadium — Memorial Stadiummarker, Indiana State University.
1968 1969
  • Michigan Stadiummarker switches its playing surface to AstroTurf, and retains it through three separate iterations until reverting to grass for the 1991 season.


1970s

1974

1975

1976
  • The Cincinnati Reds play back-to-back World Series on AstroTurf. This time, they defeat the New York Yankees in a 4-game sweep.


1978

1980s

1980

1981

1984
  • Women's World Cup Hockey (field hockey) games are played on AstroTurf.
  • AstroTurf installs first North American vertical drainage systems in Ewing, NJ at Trenton State College (now known as The College of New Jersey).


1989
  • First E-Layer system (Elastomeric) installed at William and Mary, as well as University of California, Berkeley.


1990s

1992

1993

1996
  • Atlanta Olympic Field Hockey installs AstroTurf System.


1997

1999
  • Real Madrid C.F. (Spain) become the first European football club to purchase an AstroTurf system for their practice fields.


2000s

2002Northolt High School becomes the first school in England to put in a full size AstroTurf field.

2002

2006

2007

  • Falls City High School Falls City, Nebraska high school installs artificial turf. Both FCHS (public school) and Sacred Heart (private Catholic school) use the field for home games.


2008



See also



References

  1. Breaking the surface: uncovering your sports surfacing needs | Coach and Athletic Director | Find Articles at BNET.com
  2. Topic Galleries - baltimoresun.com
  3. [1]
  4. AstroTurf | About | History
  5. FOX Sports on MSN - AstroTurf Turf Talk - Turf Talk
  6. The Biggest Dome - TIME
  7. Stadiums of the NFL-Silverdome-Detroit Lions
  8. Percival Molson Memorial Stadium
  9. 1975 World Series by Baseball Almanac
  10. 1976 World Series by Baseball Almanac
  11. Stadiums of the NFL-Superdome-Super Bowl XII, XV, XX, XXIV, XXXI, XXXVI
  12. The Sunday Tribune - Spectrum
  13. The College of New Jersey Athletics - Lions' Stadium
  14. Marshall Press Release
  15. [http://www.vpaf.uni.edu/fs/webcam/dometurf/dome_turf_webcam.shtml UNI-DOME Turf Installation
  16. Panstadia VOL 3/No 4 - 'OUT WITH THE OLD'
  17. News & Events - SRI Sports - International - Field, Track, Indoor, Tennis Systems & Services
  18. Buffalo Bills Choose to Play on AstroPlay - Filled Systems - Industry News - SRI Sports - Field Systems
  19. http://wildcat.camden.k12.ga.us/
  20. http://www.fctigers.org/


External links




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