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Atlantic Canada: Map


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The four Canadian Atlantic provinces.

Atlantic Canada, also known as the Atlantic provinces, is the region of Canadamarker comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coastmarker, excluding Quebecmarker: the three Maritime provincesNew Brunswickmarker, Nova Scotiamarker, and Prince Edward Islandmarker – and Newfoundland and Labradormarker. The population of the Atlantic provinces was 2,337,561 as of 2009.


The first premier of Newfoundland and Labradormarker, Joey Smallwood, coined the term Atlantic Canada when Newfoundland and Labradormarker joined Canadamarker in 1949. He believed it would be presumptuous for Newfoundland and Labrador to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "Maritime Provinces", used to describe the cultural similarities between Nova Scotiamarker, Prince Edward Islandmarker, and New Brunswickmarker. The three maritime provinces joined Confederation in the nineteenth century: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in 1867 and Prince Edward Island in 1873.


2006 Census figures. List includes communities above 15,000, by population/metro area:

Community Province Population
Halifaxmarker Nova Scotiamarker 411,007
St. John'smarker Newfoundland and Labradormarker 181,113
Monctonmarker New Brunswickmarker 126,424
Saint Johnmarker New Brunswickmarker 122,389
Cape Breton Regional Municipalitymarker (Sydney Metro Area) Nova Scotiamarker 105,928
Frederictonmarker New Brunswickmarker 85,688
Charlottetownmarker Prince Edward Islandmarker 58,625
Truromarker Nova Scotiamarker 45,077
New Glasgowmarker Nova Scotiamarker 36,288
Bathurstmarker New Brunswickmarker 31,424
Corner Brookmarker Newfoundland and Labradormarker 26,623
Kentvillemarker Nova Scotiamarker 25,969
Miramichimarker New Brunswickmarker 24,737
Edmundstonmarker New Brunswickmarker 21,442
Summersidemarker Prince Edward Islandmarker 16,153

See also


  1. Statistics Canada
  2., 2006 Census
  • Margaret Conrad and James K. Hiller. Atlantic Canada: a concise history. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Margaret Conrad and James K. Hiller. Atlantic Canada: a region in the making. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001.

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