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Atlantic City is a city in Atlantic County, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. Famous for its boardwalk, casino gambling, sandy beaches, shopping centers, view of the Atlantic Ocean, and as the inspiration for the board game Monopoly, Atlantic City is a resort community located on Absecon Islandmarker on the coast of the Atlantic Oceanmarker. As of 2008, the city has a population of 35,770, with 266,268 people living in the Atlantic City–Hammontonmarker metropolitan statistical area. Other municipalities on the island are Ventnor Citymarker, Margate Citymarker, and Longportmarker. The main routes into Atlantic City are the Black Horse Pike (US 322/40), White Horse Pike (US 30) and the Atlantic City Expressway. Atlantic City borders Absecon, Brigantine, Pleasantville, Ventnor and West Atlantic City (part of Egg Harbor Township).

Atlantic City was incorporated on May 1, 1854 by an act of the New Jersey Legislature. The new city contained portions of Egg Harbor Townshipmarker and Galloway Townshipmarker.

Atlantic City contains distinct neighborhoods or districts. The communities are known as: The North Inlet, The South Inlet, Bungalow Park, the Marina District, Venice Park, Downtown (Midtown), Ducktown, Chelsea, and Chelsea Heights.

History

Atlantic City has always been a resort town. Its location in South Jersey, hugging the Atlantic Ocean between marshlands and islands, presented itself as prime real estate for developers. The city was incorporated in 1854, the same year in which train service began, linking this remote parcel of land with Philadelphiamarker. Atlantic City became a popular beach destination because of its proximity to Philadelphia.

The first boardwalk was built in 1870, along a portion of the beach to help hotel owners keep sand out of their lobbies. The idea caught on, and the boardwalk was expanded and modified several times in the following years. The historic length of the boardwalk, before the 1944 hurricane, was about and it extended from Atlantic City to Longport, through Ventnor and Margate. Today, it is long and wide, reinforced with steel and concrete. The combined length of the Atlantic City and Ventnor boardwalks—the boardwalk now ends at the Ventnor/Margate border—is approximately , currently the world's longest boardwalk.see also: Boardwalk HallmarkerImage:Atlantic city boardwalk1.jpg|Atlantic City boardwalkImage:AtlanticCity1917StrandCocaCola.jpeg|Boardwalk in 1917Image:Boardwalk-01.jpg|Boardwalk on a rainy dayImage:Boardwalk-02.jpg|Boardwalk facing northImage:Atlantic Ocean Shore.jpg|Atlantic Oceanmarker shore in Atlantic City, New Jersey

Piers

Ocean Pier, the world's first oceanside amusement pier, was built in Atlantic City in 1882. Other famous piers included the Steel Piermarker, opened in 1898, and which once billed itself as "The Showplace of the Nation." It now finds itself opposite Trump Taj Mahal and is used as an amusement pier. The Million Dollar Pier opened in 1906 and is now opposite Caesar's Casino and houses the Pier Shops at Caesarsmarker. The Garden Pier once housed a movie theater, and is now home to the Atlantic City Historical Society and an Arts Center. Steeplechase Pier, strictly for amusements, once existed just west of Steel Pier. Heinz Pier, located just east of the Garden Pier, was famous for its Pickle Pins, but was destroyed in the Hurricane of 1944.

Historic hotels

During the early part of the 20th century, Atlantic City went through a radical building boom. Many of the modest boarding houses that dotted the boardwalk were replaced with large hotels. Two of the city’s most distinctive hotels were the Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel and the Traymore Hotel.

In 1903, Josiah White III bought a parcel of land near Ohio Avenue and the boardwalk and built the Queen Anne style Marlborough House. The hotel was a hit and, in 1905–06, he chose to expand the hotel and bought another parcel of land next door to his Marlborough House. In an effort to make his new hotel a source of conversation, White hired the architectural firm of Price and McLanahan. The firm made use of reinforced concrete, a new building material invented by Jean-Louis Lambot in 1848 (Joseph Monier received the patent in 1867). The hotel’s Spanish and Moorish themes, capped off with its signature dome and chimneys, represented a step forward from other hotels that had a classically designed influence. White named the new hotel the Blenheim and merged the two hotels into the Marlborough-Blenheim. Bally's Atlantic City was later constructed at this location.

The Traymore Hotel was located at the corner of Illinois Avenue and the boardwalk. Begun in 1879 as a small boarding house, the hotel grew through a series of uncoordinated expansions. By 1914, the hotel’s owner, Daniel White, taking a hint from the Marlborough-Blenheim, commissioned the firm of Price and McLanahan to build an even bigger hotel. Sixteen stories high, the tan brick and gold-capped hotel would become one of the city’s best-known landmarks. The hotel made use of ocean-facing hotel rooms by jutting its wings farther from the main portion of the hotel along Pacific Avenue.

One by one, additional large hotels were constructed along the boardwalk, including the Brighton, Chelsea, Shelburne, Ambassador, Ritz Carlton, Mayflower, Madison House, and the Breakers. The Quaker-owned Chalfonte House, opened in 1868, and Haddon House, opened in 1869, flanked North Carolina Avenue at the beach end. Their original wood-frame structures would be enlarged, and even moved closer to the beach, over the years. The modern Chalfonte Hotel, eight stories tall, opened in 1904. The modern Haddon Hall was built in stages and was completed in 1929, at eleven stories. By this time, they were under the same ownership and merged into the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel, becoming the city's largest hotel with nearly 1,000 rooms. By 1930, the Claridge, the city's last large hotel before the casinos, opened its doors. The 400-room Claridge was built by a partnership that included renowned Philadelphia contractor John McShain. At 24 stories, it would become known as the "Skyscraper By The Sea."

1964 Democratic National Convention

The city hosted the 1964 Democratic National Convention which nominated Lyndon Johnson for President and Hubert Humphrey as Vice President. The ticket won easily that November. The convention and the press coverage it generated, however, cast a harsh light on Atlantic City, which by then was in the midst of a long period of economic decline. Many felt that the friendship between Johnson and the Governor of New Jersey at that time, Richard J. Hughes, led Atlantic City to host the Democratic Convention.

Decline and resurgence



Like many older east coast cities after World War II, Atlantic City became plagued with poverty, crime, and disinvestment by the middle class in the mid to late 20th century. The neighborhood known as the "Inlet" became particularly impoverished. The reasons for the resort's decline were multi-layered. The automobile became available to many Americans after the war. Atlantic City had initially relied upon visitors coming by train and staying for a couple of weeks. The car allowed them to come and go as they pleased, and many people would spend only a few days, rather than weeks. Also, the advent of suburbia played a huge role. With many families moving to their own private houses, luxuries such as home air conditioning and swimming pools diminished their interest in flocking to the beach during the hot summer. Perhaps the biggest factor in the decline in Atlantic City's popularity came from cheap, fast jet service to other premiere resorts. Places such as Miami Beachmarker and Nassau, Bahamasmarker superseded Atlantic City as favored vacation spots.


By the late 1960s, many of the resort's great hotels, which were suffering from embarrassing vacancy rates, were either closed, converted to cheap apartments, or converted to nursing home facilities. Prior to and during the advent of legalized gaming, many of these hotels were demolished. The Breakers, the Chelsea, the Brighton, the Shelburne, the Mayflower, the Traymore, and the Marlborough Blenheim were demolished in the 1970s and 1980s. Of all the pre-casino resorts that bordered the boardwalk, only the Claridge, the Dennis (now part of Bally's Park Place) the Ritz Carlton and the Haddon Hall (now Resorts) survive to this day. The old Ambassador Hotel was extensively renovated to become the Tropicana Hotel and Casino, removing the Ambassador's distinctive brick facade, and replacing it with a more modern one. Smaller hotels off the boardwalk also survived.


In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jerseymarker voters in 1976 approved casino gambling for Atlantic City; this came after a 1974 referendum on legalized gambling failed to pass. The Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel was converted into the Resorts International; it was the first legal casino in the eastern United Statesmarker when it opened on May 26, 1978. Other casinos were soon added along the Boardwalk and later in the marina district for a total of eleven today. The introduction of gambling did not, however, quickly eliminate many of the urban problems that plagued Atlantic City. Many have argued that it only served to magnify those problems, as evidenced in the stark contrast between tourism-intensive areas and the adjacent impoverished working-class neighborhoods. In addition, Atlantic City has played second-fiddle to Las Vegas, Nevadamarker, as a gambling mecca in the United States, although in the late 1970s and 1980s, when Las Vegas was experiencing a massive drop in tourism due to crime, particularly the Mafia's role, and other economic factors, Atlantic City was favored over Las Vegas. The rise of Mike Tyson in boxing, having most of his fights in Atlantic City in the '80s, also helped Atlantic City's popularity. On July 3, 2003, Atlantic City's newest casino, The Borgatamarker, opened with much success. Another major attraction is the oldest remaining Ripley's Believe It or Not! Odditorium in the world.

A 75 percent smoking ban imposed by Atlantic City's City Council went into effect on April 15, 2007, limiting smoking to no more than 25 percent of the casino floor. Casino operators, especially Donald Trump have claimed that the ban places Atlantic City casinos at a competitive disadvantage with casinos in neighboring states and is leading to a revenue decline.

Atlantic City is home to New Jersey'smarker first wind farm. The Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farmmarker consists of five 1.5 megawatt turbine towers, each almost high.

Gambling halted for the first time since the beginning of 24 hour gaming on July 5, 2006, at 8.00 am, during the 2006 New Jersey State Government Shutdown mandated by the state constitution when the legislature failed to present a budget. The casinos generally remained open for entertainment and hotel services, but ceased gambling functions due to the absence of state regulators. The casinos resumed gambling functions at 7:00 p.m. on July 8, 2006.

From 2005 to 2006, Atlantic City had the highest percentage increase (25.9 percent) in average home value in the United States.

Geography

Atlantic City is located at .

Atlantic City is located on long Absecon Islandmarker, along with Ventnor Citymarker, Margate Citymarker and Longportmarker to the southeast.

The city has a total area, according to the United States Census Bureau, of , of which, of it is land and of it (34.58%) is water.

Climate

Atlantic City has a humid subtropical climate and an average of 205 sunshine days annually.

Summers are typically warm and humid with average high temperatures of and lows of , however in the summer, Atlantic City gets a sea breeze off the ocean that makes temperature stay slightly cooler than inland areas. Temperatures exceed an average of 18 days a year in the summer and drop down to for 10 days a year in the winter.Winters are cold with average high temperatures of and lows of . Spring and autumn are erratic, although they are usually mild with low humidity.

Annual precipitation is which is fairly spread throughout the year. Due to its close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its location in South Jersey, Atlantic City receives less snow than a good portion of the rest of New Jersey. The city averages only of snowfall each winter. It is not uncommon for rain to fall in Atlantic City while the northern and western parts of the state are receiving snow.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 40,517 people, 15,848 households, and 8,700 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,569.8 people per square mile (1,378.3/km2). There were 20,219 housing units at an average density of 1,781.4/sq mi (687.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 44.16% Black or African American, 26.68% White, 0.48% Native American, 10.40% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.76% from other races, and 4.47% from two or more races. 24.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.44% of the population were non-Hispanic whites.

There were 15,848 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.8% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,969, and the median income for a family was $31,997. Males had a median income of $25,471 versus $23,863 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,402. About 19.1% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Fire Department

Atlantic City is protected 24/7 by the professional firefighters of the Atlantic City Fire and Rescue Department. The Department operates out of six fire stations located throughout the city and operates a fire apparatus fleet of seven engines, three ladders, and one rescue.

Government

Local government

Atlantic City is governed under the Faulkner Act system of municipal government. The current Mayor is Lorenzo Langford.

The City Council is the governing body of Atlantic City. Members of Council are elected to serve for a term of four years. There are nine Councilmembers, one from each of six wards and three serving at-large. The City Council exercises the legislative power of the municipality for the purpose of holding Council meetings to introduce ordinances and resolutions to regulate City government. In addition, Councilmembers review budgets submitted by the Mayor; provide for an annual audit of the City’s accounts and financial transactions; organize standing committees and hold public hearings to address important issues which impact Atlantic City.

Mayoral disappearance and resignation

Following questions about false claims he had made about his military record, Mayor Bob Levy left City Hall in September 2007 in a city-owned vehicle for an unknown destination. After a 13 day absence, his lawyer revealed that Levy was in Carrier Clinicmarker, a rehabilitation hospital. Levy resigned in October 2007 and then-Council President William Marsh assumed the office of Mayor and served the six-week remainder of his term.

Federal, state and county representation

Atlantic City is part of New Jersey's

The New Jersey Casino Control Commission is headquartered in the Arcade Building at Tennessee Avenue and Boardwalk in Atlantic City.

Education

The Atlantic City School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grades. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Brighton Avenue School for preschool (72 students),eight K-8 elementary schools —Chelsea Heights School (383),Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. School Complex (613),New Jersey Avenue School (403),New York Avenue School (587),Richmond Avenue School (378),Sovereign Avenue School (792),Texas Avenue School (411) andUptown School Complex (732) —Atlantic City High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12 (2,574), along withVenice Park School (35) andViking Academy.

Students from Brigantinemarker, Longportmarker, Margate Citymarker and Ventnor Citymarker attend Atlantic City High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective school districts.

Our Lady Star of the Sea Regional School is a Catholic elementary school, operated under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Camden.

Nearby colleges in the area include Atlantic Cape Community Collegemarker and Richard Stockton College of New Jerseymarker.

Casino resorts

Name Address Ownership
Atlantic City Hiltonmarker Boston Avenue and the Boardwalk Colony Capital
Bally's Atlantic City 1 1901 Boardwalk and Park Place Harrah's Entertainment
The Borgatamarker One Borgata Way Marina District Development Corporation
Caesars Atlantic Citymarker 2100 Pacific Avenue and the Boardwalk Harrah's Entertainment
Harrah's Atlantic Citymarker 777 Harrah's Boulevard Harrah's Entertainment
Resorts Atlantic Citymarker North Carolina Avenue and the Boardwalk Colony Capital
Showboatmarker 801 Boardwalk and South States Avenue Harrah's Entertainment
Tropicanamarker Brighton Avenue and the Boardwalk Icahn Enterprises (Pending NJCCC) Approval
Trump Marinamarker 1 Castle Boulevard Trump Entertainment Resorts
Trump Plazamarker Mississippi Avenue and the Boardwalk Trump Entertainment Resorts
Trump Taj Mahalmarker Virginia Avenue and the Boardwalk Trump Entertainment Resorts
1 Claridge Towermarker and the Wild West Casino are considered part of Bally's.


Planned casino hotels

  • Morgan Stanley purchased directly north of the Showboat Atlantic Citymarker Hotel and Casino for a $2 billion-plus resort casino. Revel Entertainment Group was named as the project's developer and exterior construction is in progress. The resort will feature up to 2 hotel towers, Atlantic City's first Vegas-style wedding chapel and more. On Thursday, January 29, 2009, Revel Entertainment announced that it would delay interior construction due to the poor state of the economy.

Delayed casino hotels

  • Pinnacle Entertainment purchased the Sands Atlantic Citymarker, at the time Atlantic City's smallest casino, and permanently closed it on November 11, 2006 at 6:00 AM. The resort was demolished in a dramatic, Las-Vegas styled implosion which took place on Thursday, October 18, 2007. The company intended to replace it with a $1.5–2 billion casino resort on 18 contiguous oceanfront acres, which was anticipated to open by 2011. Harsh economic times have caused the company to delay construction indefinitely.
  • AC Gateway LLC, a development group headed by former Park Place Entertainment CEO Wallace Barr and former Casino Reinvestment Development Authority Executive Director Curtis Bashaw, planned to build a US$1.5 to $2 billion casino, hotel and entertainment complex to be known as Atlantic Beach Resort & Casino. The complex was to be constructed on land south of the Atlantic City Hiltonmarker that was recently purchased from Hilton's parent company, Colony Capital. The tract included the site of the former Atlantic City High Schoolmarker and the planned but failed Dunes casino.


Sports

Club Sport League Venue
Atlantic City Diablos Soccer NPSL St. Augustine Prep Schoolmarker


Two former teams, Atlantic City Boardwalk Bullies of the ECHL, and the Atlantic City CardSharks of the NIFL played at Boardwalk Hallmarker. Another team, Atlantic City Surf of the Can-Am League, played at Bernie Robbins Stadiummarker.

On November 16, 2006, Hal Handel, CEO of Greenwood Racing, announced that the Atlantic City Race Coursemarker would increase live racing dates from four days per year, to up to 20 days per year. www.saveacrc.com has been actively involved in expanding racing at the Atlantic City Race Course and created the movement to bring full time racing back to ACRC in 2005.

Media outlets

Newspapers and magazines

See also: Newspapers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Radio stations

Atlantic City's radio market is ranked #139 in the nation.

WAYV 95.1 FM - Top 40
WTTHmarker 96.1 FM - Urban AC (The Touch)
WFPGmarker 96.9 FM - AC (Lite Rock 96.9)
WENJmarker 97.3 FM - ESPN Radio/Sports
WTKU 98.3 FM - Oldies (Kool 98.3)
WZBZ 99.3 FM - Rhythmic (Kiss FM)
WZXL 100.7 FM - Rock (The Rock Station)
WJSE 102.7 FM - Alternative
WMGM 103.7 FM - Classic Rock (The Shark)
WSJO 104.9 FM - Hot AC (Sojo 104.9)
WPUR 107.3 FM - Country (Cat Country 107.3)
WWJZmarker 640 AM - Kids (Radio Disney)
WMID 1340 AM - Oldies
WONDmarker 1400 AM - News/Talk
WENJ 1450 AM - ESPN Radio/Sports
WTAAmarker 1490 AM - Spanish

Television stations



Transportation

Rail and bus

The Atlantic City Convention Center is adjacent to the Atlantic City Rail Terminal
Atlantic City is connected to other cities in several ways. New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line runs from Philadelphiamarker and several smaller South Jersey communities directly to the Atlantic City Rail Terminalmarker at the Atlantic City Convention Centermarker. Within the city, public transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit along seven routes, and by the Atlantic City Jitney Association (ACJA) on another four fixed-route lines and on shuttles to and from the rail terminal.

On June 20, 2006, the board of New Jersey Transit approved a three-year trial of express train service between New York Penn Stationmarker and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal. The approximate travel time is 2½ hours with a stop at Newarkmarker's Penn Station and is part of the Casinos' multi-million dollar investments in Atlantic City. Most of the funding for the new transit line is provided by Harrah's Entertainment (owners of both Harrah's Atlantic Citymarker and Caesars Atlantic Citymarker) and the Borgatamarker. The line, known as ACES (Atlantic City Express Service), began service on February 6, 2009.

The Atlantic City Bus Terminal is the home to local, intrastate and interstate bus companies including New Jersey Transit and Greyhound bus lines. The Greyhound Lucky Streak Express offers service to Atlantic City from New York Citymarker, Philadelphiamarker, Baltimoremarker and Washington, D.C.marker.

Highways

Access to Atlantic City by car is available via the Atlantic City Expressway, US 30 (commonly known as the White Horse Pike), and US 40/322 (commonly known as the Black Horse Pike). Atlantic City has an abundance of taxi cabs and a local jitney providing continuous service to and from the casinos and the rest of the city.

Airline service

Commercial airlines serve Atlantic City via Atlantic City International Airportmarker, located northwest of the city in Egg Harbor Townshipmarker. Many travelers also fly into Philadelphia International Airportmarker or Newark Liberty International Airportmarker, where there are wider selections of carriers from which to choose. The historic downtown Bader Fieldmarker airport is now permanently closed and plans are in the works to redevelop the land.

AirTran Airways began daily service between Atlantic City, NJ (ACY) and Atlanta, GA (ATL) on June 11, 2009.

Shopping



Shopping malls in casino resorts



Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Atlantic City include:

References

External links




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