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The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is a collegiate athletic league in the United Statesmarker. Founded in 1953, the ACC's twelve member universities compete in twenty sports in the Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Football teams participate in the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the higher of two levels of Division I college football.

History

Charter members of the ACC were the universities of Marylandmarker, North Carolinamarker, South Carolinamarker, Clemsonmarker, Dukemarker, North Carolina Statemarker, and Wake Forestmarker Universities. The seven ACC charter members had previously been members of the Southern Conference, but they left partially due to that league's ban on post-season play. After drafting a set of bylaws for the creation of a new league, the seven withdrew from the Southern Conference at the Spring Meeting on the morning of May 8, 1953. The bylaws were ratified and the ACC officially came into existence on June 14, 1953. On December 4, 1953, officials convened in Greensboromarker, North Carolinamarker, and admitted the University of Virginiamarker into the conference.

In 1971, the ACC lost a member in South Carolinamarker, which two decades later in 1991 became a member of the Southeastern Conference. The ACC operated with seven members until the addition of a former Southeastern Conference member, the Georgia Institute of Technologymarker ("Georgia Tech") from the Metro Conference on April 3, 1978. The addition of Florida State Universitymarker, also formerly from the Metro Conference, on July 1, 1991, brought the total to nine. The ACC added three members from the Big East Conference during the 2003 cycle of conference realignment: the University of Miamimarker and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universitymarker ("Virginia Tech") joined on July 1, 2004, and Boston Collegemarker joined on July 1, 2005, as the league's twelfth member and the first and only one from New Englandmarker. The expansion was not without controversy, since Connecticutmarker, Rutgersmarker, Pittsburghmarker, and West Virginiamarker (and, initially, Virginia Tech) filed lawsuits against the ACC and against Miami and Boston College for conspiring to weaken the Big East Conference.

Membership timeline

DateFormat = yyyyImageSize = width:750 height:auto barincrement:20Period = from:1953 till:2010TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalPlotArea = right:30 left:0 bottom:50 top:5

Colors = id:barcolor value:rgb(0.99,0.7,0.7)
        id:line     value:black
        id:bg       value:white


PlotData=
 width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:s


 bar:1  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:Clemsonmarker (1953-present)
 bar:2  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:Dukemarker (1953-present)
 bar:3  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:Marylandmarker (1953-present)
 bar:4  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:North Carolinamarker (1953-present)
 bar:5  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:North Carolina Statemarker (1953-present)
 bar:6  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:Virginiamarker (1953-present)
 bar:7  color:powderblue from:1953 till:end text:Wake Forestmarker (1953-present)
 bar:8  color:powderblue from:1953 till:1971 text:South Carolinamarker (1953-1971)
 bar:9  color:powderblue from:1978 till:end text:Georgia Techmarker (1978-present)
 bar:10 color:powderblue from:1991 till:end text:Florida Statemarker (1991-present)
 bar:11 color:powderblue from:2004 shift:(-130,-3) till:end text:Miamimarker (2004-present)
 bar:12 color:powderblue from:2004 shift:(-130,-3) till:end text:Virginia Techmarker (2004-present)
 bar:13 color:powderblue from:2005 shift:(-130,-3) till:end text:Boston Collegemarker (2005-present)


ScaleMajor = gridcolor:line unit:year increment:4 start:1953



Commissioners

Name Term
James H. Weaver 1954-1970
Robert James 1971-1987
Eugene F. Corrigan 1987-1997
John Swofford 1997-present


Members

Institution Nickname Location Founded Joined ACC School Type Undergraduate Enrollment Varsity Sports NCAA Championships
Boston Collegemarker Eagles Chestnut Hill, Massachusettsmarker 1863 2005 Private/Jesuit 9,060 31 3
Clemson Universitymarker Tigers Clemson, South Carolinamarker 1889 1953 Public 14,713 19 3
Duke Universitymarker Blue Devils Durham, North Carolinamarker 1838 1953 Private/Non-Sectarian 6,496 26 10
Florida State Universitymarker Seminoles Tallahassee, Floridamarker 1851 1991 Public 32,525 17 7
Georgia Institute of Technologymarker Yellow Jackets Atlanta, Georgiamarker 1885 1979 Public 12,966 17 1
University of Marylandmarker Terrapins College Park, Marylandmarker 1856 1953 Public 25,857 27 22
University of Miamimarker Hurricanes Coral Gables, Floridamarker 1925 2004 Private/Non-Sectarian 10,379 15 5
University of North Carolinamarker Tar Heels Chapel Hill, North Carolinamarker 1789 1953 Public 17,895 28 36
North Carolina State Universitymarker Wolfpack Raleigh, North Carolinamarker 1887 1953 Public 24,741 25 2
University of Virginiamarker Cavaliers Charlottesville, Virginiamarker 1819 1953 Public 15,208 25 14
Virginia Techmarker Hokies Blacksburg, Virginiamarker 1872 2004 Public 23,567 21 0
Wake Forest Universitymarker Demon Deacons Winston-Salem, North Carolinamarker 1834 1953 Private/Non-Sectarian 4,476 18 8
  • In Division I FBS, football is the only sport for which the NCAA does not sponsor a championship. Championships sponsored by various third parties, such as the Bowl Championship Series and Associated Press are not included in the table.


Facilities

School Baseball Stadium Capacity Basketball Arena Capacity Football Stadium Capacity Soccer/Lacrosse Stadium Capacity
Boston College Shea Fieldmarker 1,000 Conte Forummarker 8,606 Alumni Stadiummarker 44,500 Newton Campus Soccer Field 1,000
Clemson Doug Kingsmore Stadiummarker 6,500 Littlejohn Coliseummarker 10,000 Memorial Stadiummarker 86,092 Riggs Fieldmarker 6,500
Duke Jack Coombs Fieldmarker 2,000 Cameron Indoor Stadiummarker 9,314 Wallace Wade Stadiummarker 33,941 Koskinen Stadiummarker 7,000
Florida State Dick Howser Stadiummarker 6,700 Donald L.marker Tucker Centermarker 13,800 Doak Campbell Stadiummarker 84,300 Seminole Soccer Complexmarker 1,600
Georgia Tech Russ Chandler Stadiummarker 4,157 Alexander Memorial Coliseummarker 9,191 Bobby Dodd Stadiummarker 55,000 None -
Maryland Shipley Fieldmarker 2,500 Comcast Centermarker 17,950 Byrd Stadiummarker 54,000 Ludwig Fieldmarker 7,000
Miami Alex Rodriguez Park at Mark Light Fieldmarker 5,000 BankUnited Centermarker 7,900 Land Shark Stadiummarker 76,500 Cobb Stadiummarker 500
North Carolina Boshamer Stadiummarker 4,000+ Dean Smith Centermarker 21,750 Kenan Memorial Stadiummarker 60,000 Fetzer Fieldmarker 5,025
North Carolina State Doak Fieldmarker 2,500 RBC Centermarker 19,722 Carter-Finley Stadiummarker 57,583 WakeMed Soccer Parkmarker

Derr Stadium
7,130

3,000
Virginia Davenport Fieldmarker 2,924 John Paul Jones Arenamarker 14,593 Scott Stadiummarker 61,500 Klöckner Stadiummarker 8,000
Virginia Tech English Fieldmarker 1,033 Cassell Coliseummarker 10,052 Lane Stadiummarker 66,233 Virginia Tech Lacrosse and Soccer Stadiummarker 2,500
Wake Forest Wake Forest Baseball Parkmarker 6,000 Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseummarker 14,407 BB&T Fieldmarker 31,500 Spry Stadiummarker 3,000


Sports

Member universities compete in the following sports:







Current Champions

Fall 2008
Sport School
Cross Country (M) Virginia
Cross Country (W) Florida State
Field Hockey Maryland
Football Virginia Tech
Soccer (M) Maryland
Soccer (W) North Carolina
Volleyball North Carolina and Duke


Winter 2009
Sport School
Basketball (M) Duke
Basketball (W) Maryland
Swimming & Diving (M) Virginia
Swimming & Diving (W) Virginia
Indoor Track & Field (M) Florida State
Indoor Track & Field (W) Florida State
Wrestling Maryland


Spring 2009
Sport School
Baseball Virginia
Golf (M) Georgia Tech
Golf (W) Wake Forest
Lacrosse (M) Duke
Lacrosse (W) Maryland
Rowing Clemson
Softball Georgia Tech
Tennis (M) Virginia
Tennis (W) Duke
Track & Field (M) Florida State & Virginia
Track & Field (W) Florida State


Baseball

National Championships

Wake Forest won the ACC's only national championship in 1955. Miami won its four national championships (1982, 1985, 1999, 2001) prior to joining the ACC.

School College

World

Series
Last CWS
Boston College 4 1967
Clemson 11 2006
Duke 3 1961
Florida State 19 2008
Georgia Tech 3 2006
Maryland 0 n/a
Miami 23 2008
North Carolina 8 2009
North Carolina State 1 1968
Virginia 1 2009
Virginia Tech 0 n/a
Wake Forest 2 1955
The count of College World Series appearances includes those made by the school prior to joining the ACC:
  • Boston College: 4 appearances
  • Florida State: 11 appearances
  • Miami: 21 appearances


Basketball

History

Locations of Atlantic Coast Conference member institutions.
Historically, the ACC has been considered one of the most successful conferences in men's basketball. The early roots of ACC basketball began primarily thanks to two men: Everett Case and Frank McGuire.

The North Carolina Statemarker coach Everett Case had been a successful high school coach in Indianamarker who accepted the Wolfpack's head coaching job at a time that the school's athletic department had decided to focus on competing in football on a level with Duke Universitymarker, then a national power in college football. Case's North Carolina State teams dominated the early years of the ACC with a modern, fast-paced style of play. He became the fastest college basketball coach to reach many "games won" milestones.

Case eventually became known as The Father of ACC Basketball. Despite his success on the court, he may have been even a better promoter off-the-court. Case realized the need to sell his program and university. That is why he organized the funding and construction of Reynolds Coliseummarker in Raleigh, North Carolinamarker, as the new home court for his team. At the time, the Reynolds Coliseum was the largest on-campus arena in America, and it was therefore used as the host site for many Southern Conference Tournaments, ACC Tournaments, and the Dixie Classic, an annual event involving the four ACC teams from North Carolina as well as four other prominent programs from across the nation. The Dixie Classic brought in large revenues for all schools involved and soon became one of the premier sporting events in the South.

At North Carolina, Frank McGuire was hired as the men's basketball coach to counter Case's personality, as well as the dominant success of his program. McGuire began recruiting in his home area of New York. McGuire knew that basketball was the major high school athletic event of the region, unlike football in the south. Case and McGuire literally invented a rivalry. Both men realized the benefits created through a rivalry between them. It brought more national attention to both of their programs and increased fan support on both sides. For this reason, they often exchanged verbal jabs at each other in public, while maintaining a secret working relationship in private.

In 1957, when McGuire's North Carolina team won the national championship, an entrepreneur from Greensboro named Castleman D. Chesley noticed the popularity that it generated. He developed a five-station television network which began broadcasting regular season ACC games the following season. From that point on, ACC basketball gained large popularity.

The ACC has been the home of many prominent basketball coaches, including Terry Holland, Everett Case, Frank McGuire, Vic Bubas, Press Maravich, Dean Smith, Norm Sloan, Bones McKinney, Al Skinner, Lefty Driesell, Jim Valvano, Mike Krzyzewski, Bobby Cremins, Rick Barnes, Gary Williams, and Roy Williams.

Present day schedule

With the expansion to 12 teams in the 2004-2005 season, the ACC schedule could no longer accommodate a home-and-away series between every pair of teams each season. In the new scheduling format that was agreed to, each team is assigned two permanent partners and nine rotating partners over a three-year period. Teams play their permanent partners in a home-and-away series each year. The rotating partners are split into three groups: three teams who are played in a home-and-away series, three teams who are played at home, and three teams who are played on the road. The rotating partner groups are rotated over the three-year period.

The table below lists each school's two permanent scheduling partners.
School Partner 1 Partner 2
Boston College Miami Virginia Tech
Clemson Georgia Tech Florida State
Duke North Carolina Maryland
Florida State Miami Clemson
Georgia Tech Clemson Wake Forest
Maryland Duke Virginia
Miami Boston College Florida State
North Carolina Duke North Carolina State
North Carolina State North Carolina Wake Forest
Virginia Virginia Tech Maryland
Virginia Tech Virginia Boston College
Wake Forest North Carolina State Georgia Tech


National Championships

Over the course of its existence, ACC schools have captured 11 NCAA men's basketball championships. North Carolina has won five, Duke has won three, North Carolina State has won two, and Maryland has won one. In addition, 8 of the 12 members have advanced to the Final Four at least once.

In women's basketball, the ACC has won two national championships, with North Carolina and Maryland. In 2006, Duke, Maryland, and North Carolina all advanced to the Final Four, the first time a conference placed three teams in the women's Final Four. Both 2006 NCAA women's finalists were from the ACC, with Maryland defeating Duke for the title.

School Helms Athletic Foundation Men's NCAA Women's NCAA
Duke 1991, 1992, 2001
Maryland 2002 2006
North Carolina 1924 1957, 1982, 1993, 2005, 2009 1994
North Carolina State 1974, 1983
  • Italics denote championships won before the school joined the ACC.


Field Hockey

National Championships

The ACC has won 15 of the 29 NCAA Championships in field hockey.
School NCAA
Maryland 1987, 1993, 1999,

2005, 2006, 2008
North Carolina 1989, 1995, 1996,

1997, 2007, 2009
Wake Forest 2002, 2003, 2004


Football

Divisions

In 2005, the ACC began divisional play in football. Division leaders compete in a playoff game to determine the ACC championship. The inaugural Championship Game was played on December 3, 2005, in Jacksonville, Floridamarker, at the stadium then known as Alltel Stadiummarker, in which Florida State defeated Virginia Tech to capture its 12th championship since it joined the league in 1992. The 2009 ACC Championship Game will be played at Raymond James Stadiummarker in Tampa, Floridamarker.

The ACC is the only NCAA Division I conference whose divisions are not divided geographically (North/South, East/West).

This division structure leads to each team playing the following games:
  • Five games within its division (one against each opponent)
  • One game against a designated permanent rival from the other division (not necessarily the school's closest traditional rival, even within the conference)
  • Two rotating games (one home, one away) against teams in the other division


In the table below, each column represents one division. Each team's designated permanent rival is listed in the same row in the opposing column.

Atlantic Division Coastal Division
Boston College Virginia Tech
Clemson Georgia Tech
Florida State Miami
Maryland Virginia
North Carolina State North Carolina
Wake Forest Duke


Bowl Games

Within the Bowl Championship Series, the Orange Bowl serves as the home of the ACC champion against another BCS at-large selection unless the conference's champion is selected for the national championship game.

The other bowls pick ACC teams in the order listed. As of the 2006 season, the ACC championship game loser cannot fall below the Music City Bowl. Moreover, a bowl game can bypass a team in the selection process only if the two teams in question are within one game of each other in the overall ACC standings. This rule was instituted in response to concerns over the 2005 bowl season, in which Atlantic Division co-champion Boston College fell to the last-pick MPC Computers Bowl (now Humanitarian Bowl).

Pick Name Location Opposing Conference Opposing Pick
1 FedEx Orange Bowl Miami Gardens, Floridamarker BCS
2 Chick-fil-A Bowl Atlanta, Georgiamarker SEC 3/4/5
3 Konica Minolta Gator Bowl Jacksonville, Floridamarker Big 12 4
Big East 2
Notre Damemarker
4 Champs Sports Bowl Orlando, Floridamarker Big Ten 4/5
5 Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl Nashville, Tennesseemarker SEC 6/7/8
6 Meineke Car Care Bowl Charlotte, North Carolinamarker Big East 3
7 Emerald Bowl San Francisco, Californiamarker Pac-10 4/5
8 EagleBank Bowl Washington, DCmarker Armymarker or C-USA 7
9 GMAC Bowl Mobile, ALmarker Mid American Conference


The following is the bowl selection order starting in 2010 and the teams involved in each bowl
Pick Name Location Opposing Conference Opposing Pick
1 FedEx Orange Bowl Miami Gardens, Floridamarker BCS
2 Chick-fil-A Bowl Atlanta, Georgiamarker SEC 3/4/5
3 Champs Sports Bowl Orlando, Floridamarker Big East 2
4 Sun Bowl El Paso, Texasmarker Pac-10 4
5 Meineke Car Care Bowl Charlotte, North Carolinamarker Big East 3
6 Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl Nashville, Tennesseemarker SEC 7/8
7 Independence Bowl Shreveport, Louisianamarker MWC 3
8 EagleBank Bowl Washington, DCmarker C-USA 2010, Navymarker 2011 Armymarker 2012, Big12 2013
9 (contingency) Emerald Bowl San Francisco, Californiamarker Pac-10 5
[11613]

National Championships

Though the NCAA does not determine an official national champion for Division I FBS football, several ACC members have achieved a national championship through the Associated Press, the Coaches Poll, or the Bowl Championship Series.

School Helms Athletic Foundation Associated Press Coaches Poll Bowl Championship Series
Clemson 1981 1981
Florida State 1993, 1999 1993, 1999 1999
Georgia Tech 1917, 1928, 1952 1990
Maryland 1953 1953
Miami 1983, 1987, 1989,

1991, 2001
1983, 1987, 1989,

2001
2001
  • Italics denote championships won before the school joined the ACC.


Golf

National Championships

School Men's Team NCAA Men's Individual NCAA Women's Team NCAA Women's Individual NCAA
Clemson 2003 Charles Warren 1997
Duke 1999, 2002, 2005,

2006, 2007
Candy Hannemann 2001,

Virada Nirapathpongporn 2002,

Anna Grzebian 2005
Georgia Tech Watts Gunn 1927,

Charles Yates 1934,


Troy Matteson 2002
Miami 1984 Penny Hammel 1983
North Carolina Harvie Ward 1949,

John Inman 1984
North Carolina State Matt Hill 2009
Virginia Dixon Brooke 1940
Wake Forest 1974, 1975, 1986 Curtis Strange 1974,

Jay Haas 1975,

Gary Hallberg 1979
  • Italics denote championships won before the school joined the ACC.


Lacrosse

National Championships

Since 1971, when the first men's national champion was determined by the NCAA, the ACC has won 10 national championships. Virginia and North Carolina have won four national championships, and Maryland has won two. Women's lacrosse has only awarded a national championship since 1982, and the ACC has won more titles than any other conference. In all, the ACC has won 12 women's national championships: Maryland has won nine and Virginia has won three.

School Men's NCAA Women's NCAA AIAW
Maryland 1973, 1975 1986, 1992, 1995,

1996, 1997, 1998,

1999, 2000, 2001
1981
Virginia 1972, 1999, 2003,

2006
1991, 1993, 2004
North Carolina 1981, 1982, 1986,

1991
  • Italics denote championships before the sport was part of the ACC.


Soccer

National Championships

In men's soccer, the ACC has won 13 national championships, including 12 in the 25 seasons between 1984 and 2008. Five have been won by Virginia. The remaining eight have been won by Maryland (3 times), Clemson (twice), Duke, North Carolina, and Wake Forest. During the 2007 season, Virginia Tech and Wake Forest advanced to the College Cup, the final four of men's soccer. The 2008 season saw two ACC teams, Maryland and North Carolina, meet in the championship game with Maryland winning by a score of 1-0.

In women's soccer, North Carolina has won 19 of the 26 NCAA titles since the NCAA crowned its first champion, as well as the only Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) soccer championship in 1981. The Tar Heels have also won 18 of the 20 ACC tournaments, losing only to North Carolina State in 1988 and Virginia in 2004, both times by penalty kicks.

School Men's NCAA Women's NCAA AIAW
Clemson 1984, 1987
Duke 1986
Maryland 1968, 2005, 2008
North Carolina 2001 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987,

1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992,

1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999,

2000, 2003, 2006, 2008
1981
Virginia 1989, 1991, 1992,

1993, 1994
Wake Forest 2007
  • Italics denote championships before the sport was part of the ACC.


See also



References

External links




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