Atlixco is a rapidly growing
city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Puebla.
located only 24 km south of the city of Puebla, yet is 300
meters lower in altitude, at 1840 m.
This drop in altitude
causes a noticeable change in the weather of the city compared to
the surrounding regions of the "Sierra Nevada
" (literally "Snowy
Mountains"). This makes Atlixco renowned for its benign climate,
which varies by only a few degrees Celsius year round.
which reported a population of 86,173 in the 2005 census, is
located on the foothills of the Popocatépetl volcano. The city is the third-largest community in
the state, after Puebla and Tehuacán.
The municipality of Atlixco, which has an
area of 229.22 km² (88.5 sq mi), reported a population of
The city is an agricultural, commercial and industrial centre.
Alfalfa, flowers, corn, wheat,and fruits are the main crops grown
in the area. Textile factories, grain mills, and soft-drink plants
are also located in the city, as well as several car
In the past few decades, Atlixco has increasingly become a
preferred area for country houses of residents of the city of
Puebla, beginning in the 1970s with the development of the
residential complex La Moraleda, and later EL Cristo Golf
Important highways link Atlixco with the cities of Puebla and
Cuautla. The city also has an airport for private planes.
Atlixco also count with a soccer, tennis, cross country, and
swimming teams. One of the memorable teams is the Atlixquenses
Futbol Club located in La Concha soccer field, champions of Puebla
Liberty Cup season 2001-02 when the midfielder Ricardo Marin Scored
the last goal who gives them the championship, who late on he moved
to Los Angeles California.
History of Atlixco
The first settlers arrived in the 11th century and founded a
settlement at the site of today's neighbourhood "Los Solares
Grandes" in the San Miguel quarter of Atlixco. It was called
"Quauhquechollan" or "Quauhquechula" meaning "fleeing eagle".
Later, in Spanish times, it was called "Acapetlahuacan", "place of
división of the dominions. The modern name "Atlixco" can be
analyzed into atl
'water' + ixtli
surface' + -co
By the 15th century it had grown into a big town.
After several wars with neighbouring populations the town was
resettled later on. It was then called "Huehuequauhquechollan", the
old Quauhquechula. It was at that time when the pyramids and the
ceremonial centre were built in what is today San Miguel.
of Atlixco were able to keep
relatively independent from the dominant people of Huejotzingo
As the valley of Atlixco forms a natural road to the centre of
Mexico, Atlixco was of major importance for the colonial