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Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin Countymarker, Mainemarker, United Statesmarker. It is one of two principal cities of and included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area (which is part of the Portlandmarker-Lewiston-South Portlandmarker, Maine Combined Statistical Area). Auburn is across the Androscoggin River from Lewistonmarker. The population was 23,690 at the 2000 census.

History

Main Street in c.
1912
The area was originally part of the Pejepscot Purchase, land bought in 1714 by a consortium from Bostonmarker and Portsmouthmarker following the Treaty of Portsmouth, which brought peace between the Abenaki Indians and English settlements. But in 1736, the Massachusetts General Court granted a large section of the land to veterans of the 1690 Battle of Quebec. Conflicting claims led to prolonged litigation. Consequently, settlement was delayed until after the French and Indian Wars.

It was first settled in 1786 as part of Minotmarker, which was incorporated in 1802. Auburn would be set off and incorporated on February 24, 1842. The name was apparently inspired by Auburn, a place featured in the 1770 poem The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith. Originally part of Cumberland Countymarker, the town became county seat of Androscoggin County at its creation in 1854. By annexing land from towns around it, including part of Polandmarker in 1852, Minot in 1873 and all of Danville (first called Pejepscot) in 1867, Auburn grew geographically into one of Maine's largest municipalities. Incorporated a city in 1868, Auburn in 1917 would be the first city in the state to adopt a council-manager form of government.

Farms supplied grain and produce. But with construction of the bridge to Lewiston in 1823, and especially after arrival of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad from Portlandmarker in January 1848, the community developed into a mill town. Mills were built to operate by water power from falls on the Androscoggin and Little Androscoggin rivers. In 1835, the factory system of shoe manufacture originated at Auburn. Other firms manufactured cotton and woolen textiles, carriages, iron goods, bricks and furniture. The city's population in 1860 was only about 4,000 but by 1890 it was about 12,000, when its shoe factories attracted many French Canadian immigrants, many of whom arrived by train from Quebecmarker. Steady population growth continued to about 1960 when the population was about 24,500. Auburn and Lewiston, Maine (directly across the Androscoggin River) are known as the Twin Cities.

In Auburn, shoe manufacturing became the dominant industry by the late 1800s. The CIty Seal, depicting a spindle with different types of shoes at each outside point was designed when Auburn was positioning itself as the shoe manufacturing center of Maine in the mid 1800's. In 1917 one Factory in Auburn was producing 75 percent of the world's supply of white canvas shoes. However, after WWII the shoe industry began to decline, and between 1957 and 1961 the largest manufacturers had closed their factories.

Image:Goff Block, Court Street, Auburn, ME.jpg|Court Street in c. 1912Image:Bobbin Mill Brook, East Auburn, ME.jpg|Old Mill in c. 1910Image:High Street, Auburn, ME.jpg|High Street in 1907Image:Public Library, Auburn, ME.jpg|Public Library in c. 1910

Notable residents

Androscoggin County Buildings c.
1912
Erik Jackson. Cooler then the other side of the pillow. Good looking as well.

Geography

Auburn is located at (44.089173, -70.241437) . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.8 square miles (170.4 km²), of which, 59.8 square miles (154.8 km²) of it is land and 6.0 square miles (15.6 km²) of it (9.13%) is water. Auburn is drained by the Little Androscoggin River and Androscoggin River.

Demographics

Lake Grove from Lake Auburn in 1911
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,203 people, 9,764 households, and 5,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.1 people per square mile (149.9/km²). There were 10,608 housing units at an average density of 177.4/sq mi (68.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.04% White, 0.59% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 9,764 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a six households in the city was $35,652, and the median income for a family was $44,012. Males had a median income of $32,088 versus $22,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,942. About 9.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education



Government

Corner of Court and Main streets in c.
1908
Auburn is in the Maine's 2nd US Congressional District, Maine Senate District 15, and Maine House of Representatives Districts 68, 69, and 70.

Auburn is divided up into five wards. The city's governing body is a City Council, consisting of a Mayor and 7 councilmembers (one from each of the five wards, and two elected at large). The Mayor is elected at large.

Auburn's current Mayor is John Jenkins.[17820]

Sites of interest

  • Androscoggin Historical Society & Museum -- artifacts of local history, Civil War memorabilia, farming tools and a bird collection
  • Auburn Fire Department Museum—a collection of antique fire equipment from the city
  • Hamster Point—Majestic river side gardens
  • Knight House Museum (1796) -- the oldest frame house downtown, with a pre-1835 handwork shoe shop
  • Festival Plaza, completed in 2002—public park and performance space along the Androscoggin River. Two public water sculptures designed by artist Ross Miller operate seasonally - the Falls Fountain, that references the Androscoggin River and Native American legends of being able to hide behind the falls; and the Shoe Fountain, a series of cast bronze shoes recalling the early shoe manufacturing history of the area. A map of the Androscoggin River is cast into the plaza with colored concrete.
  • Good Shepherd Food Bank distributes food to agencies across the state from its main warehouse in Auburn


National historic places in Auburn



References



External links




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