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Auburn (Áhsku•ˀ in Tuscarora) is a city in Cayuga Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, United States of Americamarker. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 28,574. It is the county seat of Cayuga Countymarker .

Auburn is home to the Auburn Doubledays minor league baseball team, which is owned by the Auburn Community Owned Non-Profit Baseball Association, Inc.

History

Early history

State Street in 1910
The site was called Ahsku by the Tuscarora, an Iroquoian American Indian people who inhabited the area after being pushed to the north by tribes in the Southeast. The region had been Iroquois territory for centuries before European contact and historical records.

Auburn was founded in 1793 by European-Americans, in the post-Revolutionary period of settlement of western New York. The founder John L. Hardenbergh was a veteran of the American Revolution who, like many other migrants, came to the area for the chance of land. He was buried in Auburn's Fort Hill Cemetery. The community grew up around Hardenbergh's gristmill and sawmill.

Originally known as Hardenbergh's Corners in the town of Aureliusmarker, the settlement was renamed Auburn in 1805 when it became the county seat. Auburn became an incorporated village in 1815, and was chartered as a city in 1848. It was only a few miles from the Erie Canal, which opened in 1825 and allowed local factories to inexpensively ship goods north or south. In 1871, the Southern Central Railroad, financed by the Lehigh Valley Railroad, completed a line primarily to carry coal from Athensmarker, Pennsylvaniamarker through Auburn to wharves on Lake Ontariomarker at Fair Havenmarker.

From to 1818 to 1939, Auburn was home to Auburn Theological Seminary, once one of the preeminent theological seminaries in the United States. In 1939, facing financial difficulties as a result of the Great Depression, the Auburn Theological Seminary moved to the campus of Union Theological Seminarymarker in New York Citymarker. The only building from the Auburn Theological Seminary that stands today is Willard Memorial Chapelmarker on Nelson Street, designed by Andrew Jackson Warner (1833-1910) of Rochestermarker, with stained-glass windows and interior decoration by Louis C. Tiffany. It is the only complete, unaltered Tiffany chapel known to exist.

Auburn prison (Auburn Correctional Facility)

In 1816, Auburn Prisonmarker (now Auburn Correctional Facility) was founded as a model for the contemporary ideas about treating prisoners, known now as the Auburn System. Visitors were charged a fee for viewing the facility and its inmates. On August 6, 1890, the first execution by the electric chair was carried out at Auburn Prison. In 1901, Leon Czolgosz, assassin of President William McKinley, was executed at Auburn Prison. Although the ideas of the Auburn System have been abandoned, the prison continues to serve as a maximum security facility.

Geography

Auburn is located at (42.931660, -76.564770) . The city is located north of Owasco Lakemarker, one of the Finger Lakesmarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.4 square miles (21.8 km²), of which, 8.4 square miles (21.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.47%) is water.

Owasco Outlet is a stream flowing northward through the city.

US 20 is an important east-west highway passing through the city, and New York State Route 34 and New York State Route 38 are north-south highways that intersect US-20 in Auburn.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,574 people, 11,411 households, and 6,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,405.3 people per square mile (1,315.0/km²). There were 12,637 housing units at an average density of 1,506.0/sq mi (581.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.57% White, 7.59% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.82% of the population.

There were 11,411 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,281, and the median income for a family was $41,169. Males had a median income of $32,349 versus $23,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,083. About 12.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

Auburn, New York, 1909, by William Bruce (1861-1911)


References

  1. Rudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999
  2. Historical & Cultural Auburn, New York
  3. Lehigh Valley Railroad Historical Society


External links




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