Auckland City (informally
Central Auckland) is the city and local authority
covering the Auckland isthmus and
most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland City is the
most populous city in the country, with a population of It lies in
Region, and the Auckland Regional Council is also
based in Auckland City.
Auckland Sky Tower.
In 2009, it was rated the 4th best
place to live in the world, in human resources consultancy Mercer
's annual survey.
City is, together with its neighbouring cities, part of the
As the term 'Auckland' may refer to
the local authority alone, to the whole metropolitan area, or even
to the broader region, this may lead to ambiguity, since people
from other parts of New Zealand or from overseas often do not draw
The mainland part of Auckland City lies on an isthmus
. The Waitemata Harbour, which opens to the Hauraki Gulf, separates the isthmus from North
Shore City and north. The Manukau Harbour,
which opens to the Tasman
Sea, separates the isthmus from Manukau City and the
Being part of the Auckland volcanic field
, much of the
isthmus is mantled with volcanic rocks and soils, and several
prominent scoria cones
Many Hauraki Gulf islands are part of Auckland City. The islands of
the inner gulf include Rangitoto, Motutapu, Browns Island, Motuihe,
Rakino, Ponui and Waiheke, while the outer gulf islands include
Little Barrier, Great Barrier and the Mokohinau Islands.
significant portion of Auckland's CBD and of the Auckland waterfront is built on land reclaimed over the last 100 years.
Substantial development of such under-utilised areas to the west of
the CBD has been projected, with large businesses beginning to
relocate there as of 2006.
In November 1989, central government restructured local authorities
throughout New Zealand. After substantial protests and legal
challenges, Auckland City was merged with eight smaller local
authorities to form a new Auckland
. The new city had double the population of the old
and the amalgamation set the present-day boundaries of the city.
However, amalgamation, forced onto local authorities often against
their will, has been criticised to have led to less democracy and
higher rates for the same services.
Auckland's population, as the largest and most cosmopolitan city of
New Zealand, is made up of 185 ethnic groups.
While Auckland suffers from the usual issues associated with any
large city, it has recently made some inroads against crime, with
the period from 2007 to 2008 showing a drop in crimes reported of
4%, while nationally, there was a 1.2% rise. The reduction was
mainly attributed to more night-time police patrols and stricter
procedure against liquor-ban breaches and similar offenses, with
the "disorder" offences (often related to alcohol) dropping
In the year to March 2009, Auckland City had 353,000 jobs, of which
26.3% was held by property and business services.In 2008 Auckland
City had 65,655 businesses and 348,500 jobs, making up 13.1% of New
Zealand's businesses and 16.2% of New Zealand's jobs. In 2009
Auckland City had 16% of the total employment in New Zealand. Over
2009 to the month of March, Auckland City's unemployment rate
increased to 5.6%, compared to the overall New Zealand unemployment
rate of 4.5%. In addition the city's economic output declined by
2.4%. Gareth Stiven, the economic manager of Auckland City, stated
that this is because the city's economy is heavily involved with
service industries, such as banking and insurance, which are
affected by financial crises.
As of 2003 three of the ten largest companies in New Zealand
(Air New Zealand
, Fletcher Building
, and Foodstuffs
) are headquartered in Auckland City.
corporations were housed within Auckland CBD, the central part of Auckland City.
Air New Zealand
has its worldwide
headquarters, called "The Hub," off of Beaumont and Fanshawe
Streets in Auckland City; the airline moved there from the Auckland
CBD in 2006. In September 2003 Air New Zealand was the only one of
the very largest corporations in New Zealand to have its
headquarters within the Auckland CBD.
These lists of suburbs are arranged electorally, by the Wards,
starting from the west:
Avondale, Blockhouse Bay, Lynfield,
New Windsor, Hillsborough, Three
Kings, Waikowhai, Mount
Balmoral, Morningside, Mount Albert, Mount Eden, Owairaka, Kingsland, Sandringham, Waterview
Grey Lynn, Newton, Western
Chevalier, Westmere, Ponsonby, Herne Bay, Freemans
Inner City ward
Auckland CBD, Epsom, Greenlane, Newmarket, One Tree
Hill, Parnell, Remuera, Mechanics Bay, Grafton, Newton.
Bay, Kohimarama, Saint
Heliers, Orakei, Glendowie, Meadowbank,
Tamaki - Maungakiekie
Glen Innes, Point England, Tamaki, Panmure, Mount Wellington, Ellerslie. Otahuhu, Westfield, Southdown, Penrose, Oranga, Te Papapa, Onehunga, Royal
suburbs of the other cities within the Auckland urban area, see
Shore, Manukau, Waitakere and Papakura.
schools in Auckland City
Auckland City has six sister cities and two friendship city
relationships. All of these cities except Hamburg (Germany) are located around the Pacific Rim:
- Mercer - Quality of Living global city rankings 2009 –
Mercer survey, 28 April 2009
- Lessons from the history of local body
amalgamation The New Zealand Herald,
Wednesday 6 September 2006
- "Booze crackdown reduces crime", The New Zealand
Herald, Thursday 2 April 2009, Page A1
- " Auckland business and economy report 2009."
City of Auckland. Retrieved on 15 September 2009.
- Eriksen, Alanah May. " Optimistic outlook for city economy."
The New Zealand Herald. Tuesday
19 August 2008. Retrieved on 7 September 2009.
- " Auckland's economy drags but recovery on way."
TVNZ. Friday 14
August 2009. Retrieved on 7 September 2009.
- " The Economy of Auckland’s Central Business
District." City of Auckland. September 2003. 10 (20/77).
Retrieved on 7 September 2009.
- Gibson, Anne. " Air NZ readies for headquarters shift."
The New Zealand Herald. Monday
14 August 2006. Retrieved on 26 August 2009.
- International partnerships (from the
Auckland City Council website.