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Augsburg is a district in Bavariamarker, Germanymarker. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the city of Augsburgmarker and the districts of Aichach-Friedbergmarker, Landsbergmarker, Ostallgäumarker, Unterallgäumarker, Günzburgmarker, Dillingenmarker and Donau-Riesmarker. The city of Augsburg is not part of the district, but nonetheless is its administrative seat.

History

In Roman times the Via Claudia connected the city of Augsburg and Italy. In 233 the Alamanni broke through the Limes, and the Roman rule over Swabia was ended. During the time of the Holy Roman Empire Augsburg was a bishopric principality. The city and the adjoining regions became subordinate to Bavariamarker after the Napoleonic Wars.

The district of Augsburg was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Augsburg and Schwabmünchen and parts of other adjoining districts.

More than twice as old as Nurembergmarker or Munichmarker, Augsburg was founded in 15 B.C. by the Roman commanders Drusus and Tiberius. Under the orders of their stepfather Emperor Augustus, they enslaved the Celts and Alp-dwellers and founded the military camp Augusta Vindelicum on the site of current-day Augsburg. The camp soon became the capital of the Roman province Raetia.

Augsburg’s early development of was molded by its 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire. Critical to its ascent were its military importance in the Roman Empire as well as its favorable location at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach with direct access to the most important Alpine passes. Consequently, Augsburg was situated at the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections. Out of these Roman roads emerged the trade routes of the Middle Ages.

In the 13th century, Augsburg became a Free Imperial City and remained so for the next 500 years. Augsburg has been the seat of a bishop for over 1250 years.

The peak boom years were reached in the 15th and 16th centuries through the bank and metal businesses of the merchant families Fugger and Welser. The financial power of these families fostered Augsburg’s position as a cosmopolitan city, as a city of emperors and parliaments. It was a creative center for famous painters, sculptors and musicians. Augsburg is the birthplace of the painter family Holbein, the composer Leopold Mozart and the playwright Berthold Brecht. Rococo became so prevalent in that it became known as “Augsburg style”.

After the Thirty Years’ War, the decorative arts came into fruition. Gold- and silversmiths as well as copper engraving and lithography flourished. At the end of the 18th century, the textile industry began its rise to prominence followed by machine manufacturing. Groundbreaking innovations in industry leant Augsburg international standing.

Rudolf Diesel constructed the first internal combustion engine here, Linde built the first refrigerator, Messerschmitt created the first mass-produced jet airplane. Today, with its rich heritage, Augsburg and the region are centers for industry, science, art and culture. Augsburg has circa 275,000 inhabitants, is a university city and is the third largest economic- and industrial center in Bavariamarker. The city of Augsburg and its surrounding rural areas offer attractive business and industry zones and are the headquarters of research institutions and technology concerns.

Augsburg is the only German city with its own legal holiday, the Peace of Augsburg, celebrated on August 8 of every year. This gives Augsburg more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.

Geography

The district comprises a large area west of the city of Augsburg. 90 % are located in the Augsburg-Westliche Wälder Nature Park, which is a hilly region covered with forests. It is sparsely populated and crisscrossed by brooks, flowing either eastwards to the Lech or northwards to the Danube. The Lech forms the eastern border of the district.

The six cities (see below) are all situated in the easternmost part of the district, mainly in the vicinity of Augsburg. The western forest region consists of small villages.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms


The coat of arms displays:
  • top: the red and white colours of Augsburg
  • bottom left: the cross from the arms of the former district of Schwabmünchen
  • bottom right: the family arms of the Fugger


Towns and municipalities

the District of Augsburg
Towns Market towns Municipalities
  1. Bobingenmarker
  2. Gersthofenmarker
  3. Königsbrunnmarker
  4. Neusäßmarker
  5. Schwabmünchenmarker
  6. Stadtbergenmarker
  1. Biberbachmarker
  2. Diedorfmarker
  3. Dinkelscherbenmarker
  4. Fischachmarker
  5. Meitingenmarker
  6. Thierhauptenmarker
  7. Weldenmarker
  8. Zusmarshausenmarker
  1. Adelsriedmarker
  2. Allmannshofenmarker
  3. Altenmünstermarker
  4. Aystettenmarker
  5. Bonstettenmarker
  6. Ehingenmarker
  7. Ellgaumarker
  8. Emersackermarker
  9. Gablingenmarker
  10. Gessertshausenmarker
  11. Grabenmarker
  12. Großaitingenmarker
  13. Heretsriedmarker
  14. Hiltenfingenmarker
  15. Horgaumarker
  16. Kleinaitingenmarker
  17. Klosterlechfeldmarker
  18. Kühlenthalmarker
  19. Kutzenhausen
  20. Langenneufnachmarker
  21. Langerringenmarker
  22. Langweid am Lechmarker
  23. Mickhausenmarker
  24. Mittelneufnachmarker
  25. Nordendorfmarker
  26. Oberottmarshausenmarker
  27. Scherstettenmarker
  28. Untermeitingenmarker
  29. Ustersbachmarker
  30. Walkertshofenmarker
  31. Wehringenmarker
  32. Westendorfmarker


External links




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