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Augusta (also known as Augusta-Richmond County) is a consolidated city in the U.S. state of Georgiamarker. The City of Augusta and Richmond Countymarker governments merged operations in 1996; as of 2008, the Augusta-Richmond county estimated population was 194,149, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibahmarker and Blythemarker.

Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta-Richmond County Metropolitan Statistical Area, which as of 2008 had an estimated population of 534,218. Augusta is thus the second largest city in Georgia and the second-largest metro area in the state after Atlantamarker, as well as the 113th largest city in the U.S. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Mastersmarker golf tournament each spring, and for being the hometown of funk singer James Brown.

History

Augusta was first used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of Augusta's location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops on a journey up the Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. The job fell into the hands of Noble Jones, who created the settlement to provide a first line of defense against the Spanishmarker and the Frenchmarker. Oglethorpe then named the town Augusta, in honor of Augusta, Princess of Wales, daughter-in-law of King George II of Great Britain and mother of King George III of Great Britain. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgiamarker from 1785 until 1795 (alternating for a period with Savannahmarker, the first).

Geography

is located on the Georgiamarker/South Carolinamarker border, about 150 miles (241 kilometers) east of Atlanta. The city is located at (33.470, -81.975) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta-Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles (793.8 km²). 302.1 square miles (782.5 km²) of it is land and 4.3 square miles (11.3 km²) of it (1.42%) is water.

is also located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, providing a number of small falls on the Savannah River. The city itself marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river. The Clarks Hill Dam is also built on the fall line near Augusta, forming Lake Strom Thurmondmarker, also known as Clarks Hill Lakemarker. Further downstream, near the border of Columbia Countymarker, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power, and still further, the Augusta Diversion Dam which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.

Climate

According to Köppen classification, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate. The city experiences mild winters and a humid summer. The average high temperature for the summer months is 90.6 °F (32.6 °C). Summer daytime temperatures can soar to 100 or above. The average low temperature is 67.8 °F (19.9 °C). The average high temperature for the winter months is 58.9 °F (14.9 °C); the average low temperature is 34.4 °F (1.3 °C).

Demographics

In the official 2000 census, Augusta-Richmond County had 195,182 people and 73,920 households. The population density was 616.6 people per square mile (249.4/km²)(2000). There were 80,481 housing units at an average density of 266.4/sq mi (102.8/km²). The racial makeup of the balance was 50.37% Black or African American, 44.91% White, 0.27% Native American, 1.52% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.79% of the population.

There were 72,307 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the balance the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the balance was $37,231, and the median income for a family was $45,372. Males had a median income of $32,008 versus $23,988 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $19,558. About 13.2% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

In recent years, Augusta has become a center of medicine, biotechnology, and military. The Medical College of Georgiamarker, the state's only public health sciences graduate university, employs over 7,000 people. Along with University Hospitalmarker, the Medical District of Augusta employs over 25,000 people and has an economic impact of over $1.8 billion.

Along with the Medical College of Georgia, the city's three largest employers include the Savannah River Sitemarker (a Department of Energy nuclear facility) and the U.S. Army Signal Center at Fort Gordonmarker.

Companies that have facilities, headquarters or distribution centers in Augusta include Electrolux (US headquarters), CareSouth, T-Mobile, Solo Cup Company, Automatic Data Processing, International Paper, NutraSweet, Teleperformance, E-Z-GO, Elanco, Club Car (Worldwide Headquarters), John Deere, Procter & Gamble,Kellogg's, And Delta Air Lines baggage call center

Sports

Teams

Augusta is currently home to the Augusta Greenjackets minor league baseball club. The team began play in 1988 as the Augusta Pirates, affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Greenjackets was later affiliated with the Red Sox and now the San Francisco Giants.

The city's ECHL hockey team, the Augusta Lynx, disbanded in December 2008.

Club Sport League Venue
Augusta GreenJackets Baseball South Atlantic League Lake Olmstead Stadiummarker


Tournaments

The city’s famous golf course, the Augusta National Golf Clubmarker, hosts the first major golf tournament of each year, The Mastersmarker. This tournament is one of the most prestigious in the sport and is part of the Professional Golfers' Association’s Grand Slam. The best professional and amateur golfers in the world come to Augusta during the first full week of April every year. The grounds of Augusta National are known as the most pristine in all of golf. The course was ranked in 2009 as the best golf course in the world. The city is also a hotbed for disc golf. The Augusta Top Gun Series is a series of tournaments sanctioned by the Professional Disc Golf Association. These tournaments are held at various venues in Augusta, including Pendleton King Park and Lake Olmstead. Also, Augusta hosted the 2006 Professional Disc Golf World Championships. Along with Pendleton King and Lake Olmstead, 2 courses in N. Augusta, SC were used for the tournament. 299 disc golfers from around the world attended the event with Ken Climo winning the tournament and his 12th world championship.

Augusta is also the host of the World's Richest Drag Boat Race held on the Savannah River (Augusta Southern Nationals). The race is part of the IHBA Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series and is sanctioned by the International Hot Boat Association (held on July 18-20). The event benefits the Augusta Chapter of the Georgia Special Olympics. Over one hundred racing teams from twenty-five states will compete for $140,000 in purse and prizes as they try to beat the record of 252.94 MPH in the ‘World’s Richest Drag Boat Race”!

Also, the 2009 Science Olympiad National tournament will be held at Augusta State University, May 15-16

Baseball has a rich history in Augusta, as current closing pitcher Jonathan Broxton was born here.

Parks and recreation

  • Riverwalk Augusta — riverfront park along and on top of city's levee
  • Augusta Common — green space linking Broad St. to Reynolds St., with statue of James Oglethorpe
  • Augusta Canal — historic canal with bike/pedestrian path
  • Aqueduct Park — lagoon converted into park and swimming site by volunteers
  • Phinizy Swamp Nature Park — wetlands park with pedestrian/bike paths and boardwalks
  • Diamond Lakes Regional Park — park in south Richmond County


Government

In 1995, the citizens of Augusta and unincorporated Richmond Countymarker voted to consolidate their city and county governments. Citizens of Hephzibah, Georgiamarker and Blythe, Georgiamarker, also located in Richmond County, decided to maintain separate governments. Augusta and Richmond County's consolidation took effect January 1, 1996, with the city and county merging operations. The consolidated government consists of a mayor and 10 commissioners. Eight commissioners represent specific districts, while the other two represent super districts that represents half of the county's population respectively.

After a history of political division, politics in Augusta-Richmond County have become progressively more issue-oriented.

Education

Colleges and universities



K-12 schools

Richmond County Board of Education central office
K-12 schools in Augusta are managed by the Richmond County School System. The system has 8 high schools, 10 middle schools, 36 elementary schools, 4 magnet schools, and 3 other-format schools.

Private schools in Augusta include Aquinas High Schoolmarker, Episcopal Day School, St. Mary on the Hill School, Curtis Baptist School, Gracewood Baptist First Academy, Alleluia Community School, New Life Christian Academy, and Westminster Schools of Augusta. Augusta Christian School and Augusta Preparatory Day School serve Augusta, but are located in neighboring Martinez, Georgiamarker.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Flyover ramp under construction at I-20/ I-520 interchange.
Augusta is linked to Atlanta, Georgia to the west and Columbia, South Carolinamarker to the east by Interstate 20. Interstate 520 (Bobby Jones Expressway) runs from I-20 Exit 196 through Augusta's western and southern suburban areas, eventually crossing the Savannah River to South Carolina where it becomes the Palmetto Parkway. The current South Carolina terminus of I-520 is at U.S. Route 1, but construction is currently underway to complete its connection to I-20 in South Carolina near Exit 5.

U.S. and state routes:

Augusta is served by city transit service Augusta Public Transit (APT), but the main mode of transportation within the city is by car. The city has 2 airports: Augusta Regional Airportmarker featuring commercial air service by USAirways and Delta Air Lines, and a smaller airport for private and chartered planes, Daniel Field Airportmarker. Augusta is also served by a number of Taxi companies. There was a proposal for a possible four mile long Trolley system that would run through the city's Downtown district.

Sister cities



See also





References

  1. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-01.csv
  2. "State boards lack Augusta representation," Augusta Chronicle, [1]
  3. http://chronicle.augusta.com/stories/062903/pav_pavey.shtml Officials consider relicensing Augusta Canal, Augusta Chronicle, June 28, 2003
  4. HOME | AugustaTomorrow.com
  5. [2]
  6. Public clears debris, brush 061208 - The Augusta Chronicle
  7. Augusta Richmond County Official Website-District Maps
  8. http://chronicle.augusta.com/stories/112698/met_098-3062.001.shtml
  9. http://chronicle.augusta.com/stories/110598/met_124-7096.shtml


External links




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