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Austrian Circle: Map

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The Austrian Circle ( ) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. It was one of the four Imperial Circles created in 1512, 12 years after the original Reichsreform created six Circles.

The Austrian Circle was largely coterminous with the so-called Erblande ("Hereditary Lands") of the Habsburg family.

Composition

States of the Austrian Circle, Geographis.
Instituts., Weimar, 1806


The circle was made up of the following states:
Name Type of entity Comments
An der Etsch Bailiwick Established about 1260, an administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Order in Tyrol
Austriamarker Archduchy March of Austria established in 976 by Emperor Otto II, raised to a duchy in 1156, self-bestowed "archduchy" from 1358
Austria Bailiwick An administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Order in Austria
Brixen Bishopric Established in the 10th century, prince-bishopric from 1179
Carinthia Duchy Established in 976 by Emperor Otto II, held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1457, part of Inner Austria 1564-1619
Carniola Duchy March of Carniola established in 1040 by Emperor Henry III, raised to a duchy in 1364, held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1457, part of Inner Austria 1564-1619
Chur Bishopric Established in the 4th century, prince-bishopric from 1170
Gorizia County Separated from the Patriarchate of Aquileia about 1127, held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1500, part of Inner Austria 1564-1619, merged into Gorizia and Gradisca in 1747
Istria March Established in 1040 by Emperor Henry III, major part to Venice in 1291, remaining territory around Pazinmarker (Mitterburg) to Gorizia, held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1374
Styria Duchy March of Styria established about 970 by Emperor Otto I, raised to a duchy in 1180, held by the Dukes of Austria from 1278, part of Inner Austria 1564-1619
Swabian Austria Landgraviate The remaining Habsburg home territories in Swabia from 1386, including Breisgaumarker, Burgaumarker, Sundgau (until 1648) and parts of Vorarlbergmarker, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Taraspmarker Lordship Held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1464
Trent Bishopric Established in 1027 by Emperor Conrad II
Triestemarker City Held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1382
Tyrol County Established about 1140, held by the Archdukes of Austria from 1363


Sources

The list of states making up the Austrian Circle is based on that in the German Wikipedia article Österreichischer Reichskreis.


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