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Aveyron ( ) is a department in southern Francemarker named after the Aveyron Rivermarker.


Aveyron is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790.

The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe, but the area was inhabited previously to this, boasting many prehistoric ruins.


The department is part of the current Midi-Pyrénéesmarker region. It is surrounded by the départements of Tarnmarker, Tarn-et-Garonnemarker, Lotmarker, Hérault, Gard, Lozère, and Cantal.Three main plateau compose the department: Aubracmarker, Lévézou and Larzac.

The highest point in the department is the summit of Mailhebuau at 1469 m (Plateau of Aubracmarker).


The inhabitants of the department are called Aveyronnais, inhabitants of Rodez are called Ruthénois, based on the first Celtic settlers, the rutenii.


The President of the General Council is Jean-Claude Luche of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Party seats
Socialist Partymarker 14
Union for a Popular Movement 13
Miscellaneous Right 11
Miscellaneous Left 3
Left Radical Party 2
Left Party 1
The Greens 1


Castle of Najac
Aveyron contains a part of the Cévennes National Parkmarker. Well-known tourist attractions are the castle of Najacmarker, a medieval ruin perched high on a hill, and the many beautiful old castles and monasteries such as Conques Abbey, Sylvanès Abbey, Bonneval Abbeymarker and Loc-Dieu Abbeymarker, located near Martielmarker in a region with many dolmens. The small city of Millaumarker is the site of the world's tallest bridge, the Millau viaductmarker, opened by President Chirac in December 2004.

Activities include horseriding, fishing, swimming in the Lacs du Lévézou and hiking/camping. The inhabitants are also very good craftsmen, and Aveyron is full of various craft objects, handmade, that can be found locally. Examples include the couteau de Laguiole, the world famous Roquefort cheese, from the village of the same name and other local produce. Markets take place every Saturday on market places around the region.

Saint-Sernin-sur-Rancemarker is the commune where the feral child Victor of Aveyron was found in the late 18th century.

See also

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