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Romaniamarker has a rich tradition in the aviation field. At the beginning of the 20th century, flight pioneers like Aurel Vlaicu, Traian Vuia and George Valentin Bibescu brought important contributions to early aviation history, building revolutionary aeroplanes and changing the age's mentalities.

In the present, the Romanian Civil Aeronautic Authority is the one overseeing the activities.

History

In 1910 the Romanian scientist Henri Coandă built the world's first jet engine and made important discoveries in aeronautics and physics, such as the Coanda effect.

Hermann Oberth was also a native Romanian, born in Sibiumarker.

Along the 20th century Romaniamarker built military aircraft (the IAR-39 and IAR-80 before and during WWII and the IAR-93 and IAR-99 Şoim since the 70s), helicopters (IAR 316, IAR 330 - under Aerospatiale licence) as well as passenger aircraft (ROMBAC 1-11 built under British Aircraft Corporation licence).

The industrial facilities for aircraft building and maintenance are located in Bacǎu (Aerostar S.A.), Braşovmarker (IAR S.A.), Craiovamarker (Avioane Craiova S.A.) and Bucharestmarker (Romaero S.A., Turbomecanica).

Dumitru Prunariu is the only Romanian astronaut who participated in a space mission (Soyuz 40 - May 14, 1981).

Romanian air transport operators



Former Romanian carriers:



Airports in Romania

Romaniamarker has a well developed airport infrastructure compared to other countries in Eastern Europe. There are 17 commercial airports in service today, most of them opened for international traffic. Five of the airports (OTP, BBU, TSR, CND, SBZ) have runways of over 3,000 m in length and are capable of handling wide-body aircraft. Three of the airports (BCM, CRA, SUJ) have runways of 2,500 m in length, while the rest of them have runways of 1,800 to 2,000 m. As of December 2006, TCE and CSB are the only airports with no regular flights. Almost all the airports have experienced traffic growth in the last 4 years.

Here is the list of airports in Romaniamarker considering the passenger traffic criteria.

International airports

Airport IATA code passengers (2008) % compared to previous year aircraft movements (2008) website
Bucharest "Henri Coandă"marker (former Otopenimarker) OTP 5,064,230 +1.7% 71,137 www.otp-airport.ro
Bucharest "Aurel Vlaicu"marker (former Băneasamarker) BBU 1,768,000 +80%   www.baneasa-airport.ro
Timişoara "Traian Vuia"marker TSR 957,000 +14% 37,618 www.aerotim.ro
Cluj-Napocamarker CLJ 753,000 +93% www.airportcluj.ro
Sibiumarker SBZ 165,057 +47% 2,728 (2006) www.sibiuairport.ro
Iaşimarker IAS 146,000 +21%   www.aeroport.ro
Aradmarker ARW 130,000 +93% 787 (2004) www.aeroportularad.ro
Bacău "George Enescu"marker BCM 114,000   www.bacauairport.ro
Constanţa "Mihail Kogălniceanu"marker CND 80,000   www.mk-airport.ro
Târgu Mureşmarker TGM 47,000 394 (2006) www.targumuresairport.ro
Baia Maremarker BAY 22,462 503 (2006) www.baiamareairport.go.ro


Domestic airports

Note that some of these airports see at least some minor seasonal international charter activity, and are thus, at least part-time, staffed by customs officials. Tulcea has a fairly important general and private aviation role (including international flights of such nature).

Airport IATA code passengers (2008) % compared to previous year aircraft movements (2004) website
Oradeamarker OMR 50,000 2,078   www.aeroportoradea.ro
Suceava "Stefan cel Mare"marker SCV 25,000 +79% 872 (2006) www.aeroportsuceava.ro
Craiovamarker CRA 23,000    
Tulceamarker TCE unknown unknown   www.aeroportul-tulcea.ro
Satu Maremarker SUJ 10,000 800 www.aeroportulsm.ro


Future development

Following the ascendent curve of the economy growth, the air transportation in Romaniamarker experiences a favorable trend. Carpatair is the Romanian airline with the most spectacular growth; the national carrier TAROM is recovering from a difficult period at the beginning of 2000s, 2004 being the first profitable year in the last 10 years, but with a price: the cancellation of the long-haul flights to New Yorkmarker, Chicagomarker, Montrealmarker and Beijing. In 2006 the company started a fleet update program with the acquisition of 4 new Airbus A318 airplanes. The first Romanian low-cost airline, Blue Air, is going through a development phase, while other low cost airlines are ready to start their operations.

There are many investment projects also in airport infrastructure: the upgrading of the existing airports (major rehabilitation programs for OTP, TSR, CLJ, CND, the airports with the most significant traffic growth) and the construction of three new airports in Braşovmarker, Galaţimarker - Brăilamarker (a 600,000 inhabitants urban area without airport access) and Devamarker - Alba Iuliamarker (Southern Transylvania).

Currently (dec. 2006) the most advanced project is the construction of the new Braşov Airport [142454], the construction site opening is planned for March 2007. The project consists of a 1 mil. passengers/year terminal and a runway of 2,800 m long.

References



External links



See also




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