is an island in HyÅgo Prefecture, Japan, in the eastern part of the Seto Inland Sea between the islands of HonshÅ« and Shikoku. The island has an area of 592.17 kmÂ². As a transit between those two islands Awaji originally means "the road to Awa", the historic province bordering the Shikoku side of the Naruto Strait, now part of Tokushima Prefecture.
is separated from HonshÅ« by the Akashi
Strait and from Shikoku by the Naruto Strait. Since April 5 1998 it is connected to Kobe on
HonshÅ« by the Akashi-KaikyÅ Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world.
Since its completion the Kobe Awaji Naruto Expressway
across the island has been the main eastern land link between
HonshÅ« and Shikoku. The Naruto whirlpools form in the strait between Naruto, Tokushima and Awaji.
fault, responsible for the 1995
earthquake, cuts across the island.
A section of the
fault was protected and turned into the in the to show how the
movement in the ground cut across roads, hedges and other
installations. Outside of this protected area the fault zone is
less visible.The and the are located near Fukura
According to the creation myth
faith Awaji was the first of the
islands born from the two kami Izanagi
. Awaji constituted a province between the
7th and the 19th century, Awaji
, and was a part of NankaidÅ
. Today the island consists of three
municipalities, Awaji, Sumoto and
an over 500-years-old form of traditional puppet theater or ningyÅ-jÅruri,
daily performs several shows in the in Minamiawaji,
HyÅgo in the southern part of the island and is
designated an Intangible
Cultural Heritage of Japan.
Westin Awaji Island Hotel
The Awaji puppets perform
popular traditional dramas but have their origins in religious
Tadao Ando designed several structures on the
island, amidst them the and the Awaji Yumebutai, both located in Awaji, HyÅgo.
Akashi-KaikyÅ National Government
Image:Awaji in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg|Awaji municipality on Awaji
IslandImage:Sumoto in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg|Sumoto municipality
on Awaji IslandImage:Minamiawaji in Hyogo Prefecture
Ja.svg|Minamiawaji municipality on Awaji Island
- æ¬å·ã®å³¶é¢ç© (HonshÅ« no Shima Menseki)
(Retrieved on July 4, 2009)
- Keene, Donald. "Afloat on Japan's Inland Sea," New York
Times Magazine. October 6, 1985.