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The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the Germanmarker automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan.

There have been five generations of the 7 Series:

E23 (1977–1986)

Models offered:

Model Engine Power Torque Built
PS kW hp at rpm N·m ft·lbf at rpm
725‡ 2494 cc I-6 5800 4000 1977−1979?
728 2788 cc I-6 5800 4000 1977−1979
728i 2788 cc I-6 5800 4200 1979−1986
730 2985 cc I-6 5800 3500 1977−1979
732i 3205 cc I-6 5500 4500 1979−1986
733i 3205 cc I-6 5500 4300 1977−1979
735i 3453 cc I-6 5200 4000 1979−1982
735i 3430 cc I-6 5200 4000 1982−1986
745i 3205 cc I-6 5200 2600 1980−1982
745i 3430 cc I-6 4900 2200 1983−1986
North America and Japan
733i 3210 cc I-6 179 132 177 5500 266 196 4000 MY 1978−1979
733i 3210 cc I-6 176 130 174 5200 255 188 4200 MY 1980−1981
733i 3210 cc I-6 184 135 181 6000 264 195 4000 MY 1982−1984
735i/L7 3430 cc I-6 185 136 182 5400 290 214 4000 MY 1985−1987,

L7 1986–1987
South Africa
745i 3453 cc I-6 6500 4500 198?−198?
Note: ‡ For government agencies and on special order only


E32 (1987–1995)

The E32 was introduced in 1986, with the 730i and 735i featuring 3.0 L and 3.5 L straight-6 engines respectively, and a new, 5.0 L, V12 engine for the 750i. In 1992, 3.0 L and 4.0 L V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). All models were also available in a stretched 'L' version, which had 10 cm of extra legroom for the rear passengers. See BMW E32 article for more information.

Model Engine Code Engine Type Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (s) Years made
730i M30 I6 12V @ 5800 @ 4000 9.3 (man) / 10.6 (aut) 1986–1994
735i M30 I6 12V @ 4900 @ 4000 8.3 (man) / 9.1 (aut) 1986–1992
730i V8 M60 V8 32V @ 5800 @ 4500 8.5 (man) / 9.3 (aut) 1992–1994
740i M60 V8 32V @ 5800 @ 4500 7.4 (aut) 1992–1994
750i M70 V12 24V @ 5200 @ 4100 7.4(aut) 1987–1994
U.S figures
Model Engine Code Engine Type Displacement (cc) Power Torque 0–100 km/h (s) Years made
735i/L M30 I6 12V @ 4900 @ 4000 8.3 (man) / 9.1 (aut) 1988–1992
740i/L M60 V8 32V @ 5800 @ 4500 7.4 (aut) 1993–1994
750i/L M70 V12 24V @ 5200 @ 4100 7.4(aut) 1988–1994


E38 (1994–2001)

1999 BMW E38 facelift



The E38 generation (1994–2001) had a five-speed automatic. The engine variants in Europe were 725tds, 728i, 730i, 730d, 735i, 740i (4.0 and 4.4 L), 740d and 750i (with a 5.4 L V12 engine, as was used in the Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph).

In the Americas, the models were sold as the 740i, 740iL and 750iL. The 740i and 740iL shared the same 4.0 L V8 engine in model year 1995, but the next year the V8 grew to 4.4L while stated power stayed at , though torque grew from . Then again coinciding with the 1999 facelift, the V8's power again stayed the same but now torque grew further to 324lb-ft, due to new variable valve timing. The 740iL is essentially a long-wheelbase 740i (hence the "L" in the model name). The considerably rarer 5.4 L V12-powered 750iL was only available as a long-body; there was no E38 750i in the US lineup. The 750iL was BMW's flagship sedan.

E65/E66 (2002–2008)

The 4th generation was available on four different platforms: the standard-wheelbase E65 (2990 mm, 118 in), the extended-wheelbase E66 (3130 mm, 123 in), the High Security version E67 and the hydrogen powered version E68. It dropped the manual transmission entirely.

The E65/E66/E67/E68 7 Series featured BMW's first of a kind iDrive system, consisting of a video screen in the dashboard and a controller mounted on the center console that is used in a similar way to a computer mouse. Using a system of eight menus, most of the car's climate, audio, navigation, suspension and communication settings are controlled via iDrive. However, the system has been criticized by many automotive writers as being too complex and not intuitive enough.

"Active" Seat continuous passive motion technology was made standard equipment on the 750/760 models and included in the Luxury Seating Package with heated and ventilated seats for driver and front passenger on the 745 models.

The car was available in thirteen variants—of those, 11 are now in production and on sale in Europe, with five available in the U.S. since diesel models are not available there.

Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h* Top speed
730i 3.0 L petrol (gasoline) I6 8.1 s 237 km/h (147 mph)
730Li 3.0 L petrol (gasoline) I6 8.3 s 237 km/h (147 mph)
730d 3.0 L diesel I6 7.8 s 238 km/h (148 mph)
730Ld 3.0 L diesel I6 7.9 s 238 km/h (148 mph)
735i/735Li** 3.6 L petrol (gasoline) V8 7.5 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
740d 3.9 L diesel V8 7.5 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
745d 4.4 L diesel V8 6.6 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
745i/745Li** 4.4 L petrol (gasoline) V8 6.3 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
760i 6.0 L petrol (gasoline) V12 5.5 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
760Li 6.0 L petrol (gasoline) V12 5.6 s 250 km/h (155 mph)***
Alpina B7 4.4 L petrol (gasoline) V8 4.8 s 300 km/h (186 mph)


*''0–62 mph''
**''Performance numbers for the 735i and 735Li are identical, and those for the 745i and 745Li are identical.''
***''All roadgoing BMWs have an electronically limited top speed of 250 km/h.'' In [[North America|America]], only the 750i, 750Li and 760Li were available from BMW dealerships. The 730i, 730d, 740i, 740d [[Turbodiesel]] and their long wheelbase counterparts were available in the rest of the world, in addition to the short wheelbase 760i. Alpina B7 was available for order through BMW dealerships only in [[United States]] and [[Canada]], everywhere else it was available through [[Alpina]] dealerships. In US: *2002–2005 '''745i''': 4.4 L V8, {{convert|325|hp|abbr=on}}. *2002–2005 '''745Li''': 4.4 L V8, {{convert|325|hp|abbr=on}}. *2006– '''750i''': 4.8 L V8, {{convert|360|hp|abbr=on}}. *2006– '''750Li''': 4.8 L V8, {{convert|360|hp|abbr=on}}. *2004–2006 '''760i''': 6.0 L V12, {{convert|438|hp|abbr=on}}. *2003– '''760Li''': 6.0 L V12, {{convert|438|hp|abbr=on}}. *2007– '''Alpina B7''': 4.4 L V8, {{convert|500|hp|abbr=on}}. ===2006=== [[Image:06-08 BMW 750i.jpg|right|thumb|2006–2008 BMW 750i (US)]] The 7 Series was facelifted for 2006 with a restyled front and rear and a larger range of engines, the [[BMW N62#N62B48|N62B48]]. The twice-refreshed 7 Series sports a new taillight and reduced height for the trunk lid. The front headlight and the kidney grille was also raised somewhat, as well as a new front air dam and fog light assembly. {| class="wikitable" style="font-size:95%;" |- style="background:#efefef;" ! !Engine !Power !Torque !0–100 km/h* !Top speed |- !align="left"|750i |4.8 L [[petrol]] (gasoline) [[V8 engine|V8]] | {{convert|270|kW|PS hp|0|abbr=on}} | {{convert|490|Nm|lb·ft|abbr=on}} | style="text-align:center;"|5.9 s | 250 km/h (155 mph)**{{cite web|author=Interone Worldwide GmbH |url=http://www.bmw.com/com/en/newvehicles/7series/sedan/2005/allfacts/engine_v8_petrol.html |title=BMW 7 Series Sedan : Eight-cylinder petrol engines (750i/Li, 740i/Li) |publisher=Bmw.com |date=2008-06-17 |accessdate=2009-06-06}} |- !align="left"|750Li |4.8 L [[petrol]] (gasoline) [[V8]] | {{convert|270|kW|PS hp|0|abbr=on}} | {{convert|490|Nm|lb·ft|abbr=on}} | style="text-align:center;"|6.0 s |250 km/h (155 mph)** |- !align="left"|760Li |6.0 L [[petrol]] (gasoline) [[V12 engine|V12]] | {{convert|327|kW|PS hp|0|abbr=on}} | {{convert|600|Nm|lb·ft|abbr=on}} | style="text-align:center;"|5.6 s |250 km/h (155 mph)**{{cite web|author=Interone Worldwide GmbH |url=http://www.bmw.com/com/en/index_narrowband.html?content=/com/en/newvehicles/7series/sedan/2005/introduction.html |title=BMW automobiles - website of the BMW AG |publisher=Bmw.com |date=2008-06-17 |accessdate=2009-06-06}} |} *''0–62 mph''
**All roadgoing BMWs have an electronically limited top speed of .
This limitation does not however apply to the GCC specification models.

The 4.4 L V8 was replaced by a 4.8 L unit producing and 361 lb·ft . The new model with the enlarged engine is now known as 750i and 750Li (for the long wheel-base model). The 750i and 750Li replace the 745i and 745Li in all world markets. The 745d, powered by a 4.4 L turbodiesel producing has replaced the 740d. As before, a six-speed automatic transmission with Steptronic is standard on all models.

2007

In 2007 the 7 series received minor updates both inside and out. On the exterior, new wheel designs were made available and power folding mirrors became standard. On the inside, an update to the iDrive system (but still no RTTI: Real Time Traffic Info) was also made standard. 2007 also saw the installation of an auxiliary input for connecting an audio source. Engine options remained the same as with the 2006 model, but the short wheelbase 760i, was no longer available for the North American market.

Hydrogen 7

BMW plans to offer a car that runs on both petrol and hydrogen, to be called the Hydrogen 7. Since the infrastructure for refueling a hydrogen fueled engine is not widely available, the V12 engine also runs on gasoline. Drivers will be able to switch what fuel they are using with the push of a button. However, only 100 units have been built up to now for a limited edition. For example, the mayor of Munich, Christian Ude, received one of them. BMW has also developed a newer, more efficient hydrogen combustion engine, now on par with some of the most efficient diesel engines.

High Security

BMW also built armoured versions of the 7 series vehicles. The models have protection levels VR6/VR7. Security features include laminated windows, carbon fibre reinforced armour plating, under body armour, emergency front windscreen exit, lowered door windows, run flat tires.

Self-parking system

BMW has developed a parking-assist technology that can automatically park the car while the driver stands outside and watch as the internal robotics park it using a combination of sensors. A prototype of the system has been completed and a demo video was recorded using a BMW 730i.

F01/F02 (2009–)

The 5th generation F01/F02 came out January 2009, replacing the 4th generation 7 Series. All models come with a ZF 6-speed automatic transmission. Five variants are showcased at debut, the 750Li, the 740Li, the 750i, the 740i and the 730d.

Numerous engines also power the 7 Series worldwide. BMW offers diesel, straight 6, V8 and V12 motors. An all-aluminum 3.0-liter straight-six cylinder diesel engine produces . The peak torque figure of comes in at 1,750 rpm up through 3,000 rpm. Its 194g/km emission figure is class-leading for conventionally powered luxury cars, as is its 38.7 mpg fuel consumption figure.

BMW switched from a MacPherson strut front suspension to a double wishbone design for improved handling. The F01 is also available in a bulletproof version.

Model Engine Code Engine Type Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (s) Years made
760Li N74B60 V12 48V @ 5250 rpm @ 1500-5000 rpm 4.6 (aut) 2009-
750i/750Li N63 V8 32V @ 5500-6400 rpm @ 1750-4500 rpm 5.5 (aut) 2009–
740i/740Li N54 I6 24V @ 5800 rpm @ 1500-4500 rpm 5.7 (aut) 2009–
730d/730Ld N57 I6 24V @ 4000 rpm @ 1750-3000 rpm 7.2 (aut) 2009–
740d N57 I6 24V @ 1500-2500 rpm 6.3 (aut) 2009–


In April 2009, BMW announced plans for a 760Li, which will be BMW's new flagship model. The 760Li will be equipped with a twin-turbocharged V12 producing 544 horsepower, which will propel the car from 0 to 62 miles per hour in 4.6 seconds.

Improved iDrive

The new F01/F02 is equipped with a more intuitive iDrive system with a full featured web browser. Videothis will be safer, and more technologically advanced as well as rich in entertainment.

References

External links




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