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BR standard class 4 2-6-0: Map

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76040 at Water Orton in 1965
The British Railways (BR) standard class 4 2-6-0 is a class of steam locomotive. 115 locomotives were built.

Design and Construction

The class was designed at the ex-LNER works at Doncaster which was also responsible for building 25 of the 115-strong class. The remaining 90 were split between Horwich and Derby Works.

The last in the series, No.76114, was also the final steam engine to be constructed at the 'Plant' (as Doncaster works was known). The Standard Four Mogul was essentially a standardised version of the LMS Ivatt Class 4, and was primarily intended for freight use.

Although a BR Standard the class didn't have the same design of wheels as the Swindon-built 82XXX and 77XXX Class 3 engines which also had driving wheels.

Operation

With its diameter driving wheels this sixth of the BR standard designs was clearly biased towards freight working. An axle loading of only 16 tons 15 cwt meant its route availability was virtually unrestricted. Batches were allocated to every BR region except the Western.

Scottish Region

When new 35 were sent to the Scottish Region where they worked over the bleakly dramatic Waverley route between Carlisle and Hawick. Others appeared on the 'coast road' from Dumfries to Stranraer. The Scottish examples were mainly concentrated in Ayrshire and around Glasgow, and at one time Corkerhill depot was home to ten of the class. Five though found their way to Aberdeen and three to Thornton in Fife

Southern Region

The Southern Moguls (originally 37) also concentrated in one area around Eastleigh, Southampton and Bournemouth. They were used on the cross-country services between Portsmouth, Salisbury and Cardiff, Reading to Redhill, Brighton to Bournemouth and over the Swanage branch. Their most celebrated duty was the London Waterloomarker to Lymington boat train. However this had nothing to do with the engines' capabilities; it was simply that among tender engines only a 2-6-0 or 4-4-0 could fit on the turntable at Brockenhurstmarker. In the last few years of steam operation on the 'Southern' a few examples were allocated to Guildford shed before moving on to Feltham shed in S.W. London

All 17 locomotives equipped with the BR1B high-sided tender were allocated to the Southern Region. Oddly the BR1B tender had a higher axleload than the locomotives.Image:BR standard class 4 2-6-0 76066.jpg|76066 with BR1B tender at Eastleigh shed in February 1967

North Eastern Region

At first the North Eastern Region scattered its 13 strong allocation far and wide Darlington, Gateshead, Hull, Sunderland and York. Later all were concentrated at either Kirkby Stephen or West Auckland to work over the Stainmore route whose viaducts were not only spectacular but had severe weight restrictions. Like their small cousins the 2MT 2-6-0 class the Moguls were ideal for working the line. They worked coal trains as well as passenger services and were a regular choice for excursions from Tyneside to the Lancashire coast resorts.

London Midland Region

Apart from a pair allocated to Leicester most of the London Midland Region's batch of 15 spent their working lives in the Liverpool, Manchester and Preston areas.

Eastern Region

The Eastern Region divided its 15 between two London depots. Five went to Stratford on the ex-Great Eastern section, and the remainder to the one-time Great Central depot at Neasden. Made redundant by dieselisation the Stratford engines were transferred to the Southern and arrived at Brighton. The Neasden engines also in due course departed the capital, in this case for Chester and ex-Cambrian Railways territory. One Eastern locomotive was 76034 which was fitted with a tablet catcher for running over the M&GN lines in East Anglia. 76079 has visited the North Norfolk Railwaymarker in preservation times.





Preservation

Four examples have been saved, these being:

Sound



References

  • A Detailed History of BR Standard Steam Locomotives, - Vol 2 - The 4-6-0 and 2-6-0 Classes. RCTS ISBN 0-901115-93-2


External links




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