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Baba Gurgur (بابا كركر) is a large oil field near the city of Kirkukmarker which was the first to be discovered in Northern Iraqmarker in 1927.

It was considered the largest oil field in the world until the discovery of the Ghawar fieldmarker in Saudi Arabiamarker in the 1950s. Baba Gurgur is located 16 kilometers northwest of Arrapha and is famous for its Eternal Fire ( ) located at the middle of its oil fields.

The Eternal Fire at Baba Gurgur

Eternal Fire

The Eternal Fire of Baba Gurgur is a name used to describe the flames of the Baba Gurgur oil field. It is estimated that the burning flames have been around for more than 4,000 years. The Eternal Fire was first described by Herodotus and also has been described by other ancient Greek authors such as Plutarch. Many believe the Eternal Fire to be the same Fiery furnace in the Book of Daniel, chapter 3 in the Tanakh (Old Testament) into which King Nebuchadnezzar(c 630-562 BC), King of Babylon throws 3 Jews for refusing to worship his golden idol.It has a significant symbolic value for residents of Kirkuk. The burning flames are the result of an emission of natural gas through cracks in the Baba Gurgur area's rocks. The environment near the eternal fire is saturated with hydrogen sulfide, which caused the authority to put signs for the tourists and visitors to not stay too close or too long and to be in the direction opposite to the wind current . It is believed that the heat of the eternal flames was used by the shepherds to warm the flock during the cold months of winter.[219045]

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