The Full Wiki

Badami: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Badami ( ), formerly known as Vatapi, is a taluk in the Bagalkot districtmarker of Karnatakamarker, Indiamarker. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from 540 to 757 AD. It is famous for rock cut and other structural temples. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake.

Etymology

The name Vatapi has origin in the Vatapi legend of Ramayana relating to Sage Agastya. There were two demon siblings Vatapi and Ilvala. They used to kill all mendicants by tricking them in a peculiar way. The elder Ilvala would turn Vatapi into a ram and would offer its meat to the guest. As soon as the person ate the meat, Ilvala would call out the name of Vatapi. As he had a boon that whomsoever Ilvala calls would return from even the netherland, Vatapi would emerge ripping through the body of the person, thus killing him. Their trick worked until Sage Agastya countered them by digesting Vatapi before Ilvala could call for him, thus ending the life of Vatapi at the hands of Ilvala. Two of the hills in Badami represent the demons Vatapi and Ilvala.

History



Badami was the capital of the Early Chalukyas, who ruled much of Karnatakamarker and Andhra Pradeshmarker between the 6th and 8th centuries. It was founded in 540 A.D. by Pulakesi I(535-566 AD), an early ruler of the Chalukyas. His sons Kirthivarman (567-598 AD) and his brother Mangalesha I (598-610 AD) constructed the cave temples. The greatest among them was Pulakeshi II (610-642 AD) who defeated many kings including Pallava king Mahendra Verman I and extended the kingdom.[113291] [113292]

The rock-cut Badami Cave Temples were sculpted mostly between the 6th and 8th centuries. The four cave temples represent the secular nature of the rulers then, with tolerance and a religious following that inclines towards Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. cave 1 is devoted to Shiva, and Caves 2 and 3 are dedicated to Vishnu, whereas cave 4 displays reliefs of Jain Tirthankaras. Deep caverns with carved images of the various incarnations of Hindu gods are strewn across the area, under boulders and in the red sandstone. From an architectural and archaeological perspective, they provide critical evidence of the early styles and stages of the southern Indian architecture.

The Pallavas under the king Narasimhavarman I (also called Mamalla Pallava) seized it in 642 A.D. Vikramaditya I of Chalukyas drove back Pallavas in 654 A.D. and led a successful attack on Kanchipurammarker, the capital of Pallavas. The Rashtrakutas absorbed karnataka including Badami around 757 AD and the town lost its importance. The later Chalukyas of Kalyani defeated them and were able to keep region from 973 A.D. to 1189 A.D., when it was occupied by the Hoysalas.

Then it passed on to Vijayanagara empire, The Adil Shahis, The Savanur Nawabs, The Marathas, Hyder Ali. The Britishers made it part of the Bombay Presidency.

Insciptions

Old Kannada inscription of Chalukya King Mangalesa dated 578 CE at Badami cave temple no.3


Badami has eighteen inscriptions, among them some inscriptions are important. The first Sanskrit inscription in old Kannada script, on a hillock dates back to 543 CE, from the period of Pulakesi I (Vallabheswara), the second is the 578 CE cave inscription of Mangalesa in Kannada language and script and the third is the Kappe Arabhatta records, the earliest available Kannada poetry in tripadi (three line) metre. one inscription near the Bhutanatha temple, on a rock, testifies to Mamalla Pallava's victory over the Chalukyas in the year 642 CE. It also has inscriptions dating back to the 12th century in Jain rock-cut temple dedicated to the Tirtankara Adinatha.

Culture

The main languages are Kannada, Hindi and English. The local population wears traditional Indian cotton wear.

Landmarks

Bhutanatha group of temples facing the Agasythya Tank


Landmarks in Badami include cave temples, gateways, forts, inscriptions and sculptures.
  • A Buddhist cave in a natural setting that can be entered only by crawling on knees.
  • The Bhutanatha temple, a small shrine, facing the lake, constructed in 5th century.
  • Badami Fort situated on top of the hill.
  • Many Shivalayas including the Malegitti Shivalaya with 7th century origins.
  • The Dattatreya temple.
  • The Mallikarjuna temple dating back to the 11th century, built on a star shaped plan.
  • a Dargah, a dome of an Islamic place of worship on the south fort side.
  • Vista points on top of the North Fort for the view of the ancient town below.
  • Temple of Banashankari, a Kuldevta (family deity) for many families, is located near Badami.
  • Archaeological museum, that has collection of sculptures from Badami, Aiholemarker and Pattadakalmarker.


Cave temples

Vishnu image in Cave temple No.
3
Badami is famous for its sandstone cave temples.Cave temple 1 dates back to 578 A.D. and may be the oldest in Badami. It is made of red sandstone and has a hall with numerous pillars and a square shaped sanctum hollowed in the control back wall. There are paintings of amorous couples on the ceiling. Other features include Shiva and his consort Parvati with a coiled serpent and the 18 armed lord Nataraja in 81 dancing poses.

Cave temple 2 is dedicated to Vishnu (as Trivikrama) with one foot mastering the Earth and the other the sky. Vishnu is also portrayed as Varaha and Krishna.

Cave temple 3 dates back to 578 A.D. The façade of the cave is nearly 70 feet wide, with carvings of ganas on the plinth. It contains examples of Deccanmarker art, illustrating the culture and clothing of the 6th century. There are high relief carvings of Vishnu with a serpent, Vishnu as Narasimha, Varaha, Harihara and Trivikrama.

Cave temple 4 relates to 6th century Jainism. There is a carving of the Tirthankara Parshavnatha (with a serpent at his feet). Mahavira is depicted in a sitting posture.

Geography

Badami Cliffs


Badami is located at . It has an average elevation of 586 metres (1922 ft). It is located at the mouth of a ravine between two rocky hills and surrounds Agastya tirtha water reservoir on the three other sides. The total area of the town is 10.3 square kilometers.

It is located 30 kilometers from Bagalkotmarker,128 kilometers from Bijapurmarker, 132 kilometers from Hublimarker, 46 kilometers from Aiholemarker, another ancient town, and 500 kilometers from Bangaloremarker, the state capital.

Climate

  • Summer - March to June
  • Spring - Jan to March
  • Monsoons - July to October that contributes to rainfall
  • Winter - November to Jan


The temperature ranges from minimum 23 degrees to 45 degrees during summer and from 15 to 29 degrees in winter. The rainfall of the area is 50 centimeters. Best time to visit is between low humid season from November and March.

The cool climate has made it a safe haven for the monkeys of south India. Tourists often flock to Bamadi for the opportunity to see monkeys interact in a natural environment. There are even glass enclosures in trees , called Glass Baristas, where one can sit and have a meal while monkeys interact right beyond the glass.

Economy

The main economy is centered around karnataka tourism.

Government

It is a town in the Bagalkot Districtmarker in Karnatakamarker state, Indiamarker. It is also head quarters of Badami Taluk in the district.

Transport

The nearest airport is Belgaummarker about 150 kilometers away. It is on the Hublimarker - Sholapurmarker rail route, and the rail station is 5 kilometers from the town. It is also connected by road to Hubli and Bijapur. Badami is reachable from Bengaloorumarker by a 12-hour bus ride, or with a combination of an overnight train journey from Bangalore to Hospet followed by a short bus ride from Hospetmarker to Badami. Another train journey could be from Bangalore to Hubli (8–9 hours) and then a bus ride to Badami (3 hours). Badami is around 130 km from Hubli. Local transport is by Rickshaws, tongas and city buses.

Badami is around 150 km from Hospet which has a decent motorable road. A car journey would take around 4 hours from Hospet to Badami.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Badami had a population of 25,851. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Badami has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 59% of the males and 41% of females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Climbing

Bolted routes in the Temple area, Badami


Badami's red sand stone cliffs are popular amongst local and international climbers. This is great location for free and sport climbing and bouldering. The cliffs have horizontal crack systems, similar to Gunks. There are over 150 bolted routes and multiple routes for free climbing. Gerhard Schaar, a German Climber and Pranesh Manchaiah, a local climber from Bangalore, were instrumental in setting up the sport routes driving a project called 'Bolts for Bangalore'.

See also



References

  1. Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath (2001), A Concise History of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC (Reprinted 2002), p9, p10, 57, p59 OCLC: 7796041
  2. K.V. Ramesh, Chalukyas of Vatapi, 1984, Agam Kala Prakashan, p34, p46, p50
  3. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Badami
  4. http://www.climbing.com/exclusive/above/boltsforbangalore/


Articles and Travelers' experiences



External links

* A Virtual Visit To Badami, Panorama


Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message