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Map of Scotland showing the historic district of Badenoch
For Badenoch, Ontario, see that article.

Badenoch (Gaelic: BĂ ideanach what means drowned land) is a traditional district which today forms part of Badenoch and Strathspey, an area of Highland Councilmarker, in Scotlandmarker, bounded on the north by the Monadhliath Mountainsmarker, on the east by the Cairngormsmarker and Braemarmarker, on the south by Atholl and the Grampiansmarker, and on the west by Lochaber. The capital of Badenoch is Kingussiemarker.


The somewhat undefined area of Badenoch covers 36 miles from northeast to southwest and 15 miles from north to south, comprising 540 square miles. Excepting the strath of the Speymarker and the great glens, it consists almost entirely of wild mountainous country, many hills exceeding 3000 feet in height, and contains in the forests of Alder, Drumochtermarker, Gaick and Feshie some of the best deer country in the Highlands.

The principal lochs in Badenoch are Loch Lagganmarker, Loch Insh and Loch Erichtmarker, and the River Speymarker and its numerous tributaries water the district abundantly. The Highland railway traverses Badenoch from Dalnaspidal to Boat of Gartenmarker.


From 1229 to 1313 Clan Comyn held the lordship of Badenoch. In 1371 King Robert II granted it to his son Alexander Stewart, 1st earl of Buchan (1343 - 1405), the "Wolf of Badenoch". Reverting to the crown, the territory came in 1452 to Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly, and still gives the title of "Lord of Badenoch" to the marquess of Huntly.

The traditional district was eventually combined into the traditional county of Inverness-shire along with the traditional district of Inverness and parts of Lochaber and some island districts during reorganisation due to Local Government Act 1889, this Act established a uniform system of county councils and town councils in Scotland and restructured many of Scotland’s counties. (See: History of local government in the United Kingdom).


The area has very few industries, and population groups itself at Kingussiemarker and at other places on or near the Spey.

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