Bahawalnagar District ( ) is
a district of Punjab province in
district is situated on the border, before the independence of
Nagar was a part of Bahawalpur state governed by the
Nawab of Bahawalpur.
of Bahawalnagar is the capital of the district.
of Bahawalpur announced the affiliation with Pakistan because 99%
of the population was Muslim.
the whole state became part of the Punjab
The city is known as Shaher-e-Wafa
. The old name of Bahawalnagar
was Rojhan Waal".The people are very hospitable and friendly.
boundaries of Bahawalnagar District in the East and South touches
Indian territory while, the river Sutlej flows on its
Northern side from the disputed claimed area of Ferozepur across which are situated Okara, Pakpattan and Vehari districts.
The District of Bahawalnagar is spread over an area of 8,878 square
kilometres comprising five tehsils
Tribes and clans
Bahawal Nagar is an old district and even before partition it was
the biggest district areawise in South
. People living here are settled since ages with rich
culture and heritage. Basically people are agriculturists and
during Nawab Bahawalpur rule the irrigation system was one of the
largest fed by River Sutluj. Main tribes with various subtribes
, MAHAR,LODHI(PATHAN),Rajput, Arain,
, Joyias, Sukheras, Khakwani,
Chishti and many other small clans.Most progressive are two tribes
Arain and Jatt , (Specially in Fort Abbas and Haroonabad). They are
educated and enlightened.Famous
(BahawalNagar: [Rao Ijaz Ali Khan xMPA PPP
& District president PPP],Rao Asif Ijaz Ali Khan (PPP),
Dr. Rao Tahir Mahmood
Rao Tayyab Mahmood
,Rao Zafar Mahmood
Khan admin. Shoukat
,Syed Mumtaz Gillani (MNA PPP), Mian Manzoor Mohal,
Abdul Qadir Shaheen, S.D.Shad, Rana Abdul Rauf, Asif Ali Bhatti
0332-2009990 (Haroon Abad: Muhammad Afzal Sindhu (MNA PPP), Ch.
Abdul Ghafoor (MNA PPP), Haji Yasin (Vital) , Dr. Ihsan Bari
,Dr.Syed Sami Ul Haq Shah Bukhari (Young Social Worker &
Journalist), Ch. Muhammad Sharif , Ch. Azeem ullah, Mian Nazir,
Shokat Basra(Fort Abbas: Ch. Arshad Leader, Sufi M Basheer, Ch.
Nazir Ahmad , Zulifqar Ali Barq , Mian Iftikhar Ahmad, Rauf Khalid,
Dr Ramzan , Munawar Padda, Rana Aslam Khan,Amjad Ali Cheema,Ali
Akbar Vians,Muhammad Abdulah Vians,Muhammad Afzal Porewal )
Population and literacy rate
The population of Bahawalnagar, according to the 1998 Census of
Pakistan, is 2,061,447 of which 18.80%. The sub-Campus of Islamia
University is also located here. The literacy rate of Bahawalnagar
is LESS THAN 25% and unemployment rate is much HIGHER THAN
Now a days educational activities in the District is on the boom.
Presently the MBA, BBA, M.Com. B.Com. (Honors and IT), MA English,
MA Education, MA Urdu, MA Islamiyat, MA Economics, MSc Psychology,
MA Punjabi, M.Ed, B.Ed and much more programmes are functional in
government owned institutions.
TEVTA Bahawal Nagar is also contributing its role in uplifting the
educational and technical standards in the area. Two Commerce
Colleges at Bahwalnagar and Chistian Cities are performing well.
Along with these GCTI, GCTI (W), GTTI are also equipping the people
under the umberalla of TEVTA.
Anyhow there is a dying need of a University Sub Campus at
Haroonabad city. The people of Haroonabad, Fortabbas and Dharanwal
have to travel long distances even for B.Com classes. The literacy
rate in Haroonabad city is the highest in district but there is no
B.com programme at Govt institution level. It is requested through
wikipedia to VC IUB Bahawalpur for opening of one sub campus of IUB
at Haroonabad and it is also requested to the Chairman of TEVTA
Lahore for launching of B.com classes immediately in Haroonabad,
Fortabbass and Minchanbad.
The Government College of Commerce Bahawalnagar is the leading
institution of this area offering programmes M.Com, B.Com, D.Com,
and CCA. The college normally occupies positions in Top 10
positions in IUB and Punjab Board of Technical Exams. Two well
equipped computer labs consisting each 50 systems remain busy from
morning to night.
Now a days, students and teachers are facing a lot of difficulties
in teaching and learning activities due to long hours of
electricity loadsheding. Generators provisioning is recommended for
the solution of this problem or educational institutions may be
exempted from electricity loadsheding. A Medical and Cadet College
is the thirst of people of this area.
Main Towns: Mecload Gunj ,Kharajpura, Donga Bonga, Takhat Mehal,
Mandi Sadiq Gunj, Mandi Gorgan, Faqirwali, Madrisa, Dahranwala,
Yateemwala, Maroot, Qaziwala and Bukhshan Khan, Bala Arain, Fateh
Kot, Maharwali , Jenjeranwali and madina town.
Main Crops: Sugarcane, Cotton, Wheat, Rice, Tobacco and Mustard
Main Fruits: Citrus, Guavas, Mangoes and Dates
Main Vegetables: Cauliflower, Onion, Turnip, Carrot, Potatoes and
Forest (Area in Acres: 24,195
Major Industries: Cotton Ginning & Pressing, Flour Mills,
Marble Industry, Oil Mills, Paper & Paper Board, Rice Mills,
Sugar, Tea Blending and Textile Spinning.
In The Bahwalnagar New fm Channel Super fm90.....Its Working So
Heard For Civlisation Of city.
As all people know that Bahawal Nagar District belongs to Bahawal
Pur State affiliated with Pakistan on October 7, 1947 despite of
option, it was a rich area as Bahawal Pur State donated the
Buildings of KE Medical University, Lahore (Old building) and
Punjab University Old Campus and much more to the Government of
Pakistan at the time of partitioning. But nowadays this district is
in miserable condition. Anyhow, following problems along with their
solutions are recommended.
- The region's problems can be overcome by establishing new
agro-based industries in the city to alleviate the problem of
unemployment, moreover the Government of Pakistand/Punjab should
also announce tax rebates and tax holidays for at least 12 years
for new industrial units for this area, if Government is sincere to
reduce poverty level from this city.
- Another problem is drinking water. The drinking water available
in this area not meet health standards and that is why the most
growing disease of the district is TB. Large purification plant
with proper maintenance system is immediately required.
- The roads leading to the district Bahawalnagar are very rough.
Students of the city are very intelligent. The need of the day is
to provide good transport and roads facility to the district of
Punjab which is the largest district of Punjab by area.
- The health facilities are of very poor quality. The people have
to travel to Bahwalpur, Multan, Lahore or Sahiwal cities for even
minor operations to seek expert services. The Government should
build and properly operate state of the art hospital for this poor
area. Hospitals like Mayo Lahore, Jinnah Lahore, Sheikh Zayad
Lahore, Sir Ganga Ram Lahore, only one hospital with facilities of
stated these Lahore hospital can reduce about 70% health
Climate and vegetation
Bahawalnagar has a very hot and dry climate in summer. The maximum
temperature touches 52 °C. The climate in winter is very dry and
cold. The minimum temperature recorded was 6 °C. Wind and storms
are quite common during the summer. The average annual rainfall
district is 119 mm. The district may be divided into three
parts. These are the riverain area, the canal irrigated plain and
the desert area. The riverain area of the district lies close
to the Satluj river which flows in the North-West along its border
with Okara, Pakpattan, Sahiwal and Vehari districts.
The land in this
area is irrigated by non-perennial canals. During the summer
monsoons, the area is generally in-undated by the river water. The
canal irrigated area is a plain which has been brought under
cultivation by the canals. The main canal which is Sadqia canal
irrigate almost all the tehsils except Chishtian. This canal
travels in round with the border of Pakistan and India. The desert
area of the district is called the Cholistan
. The surface of this desert consists of
a succession of sand dunes
, rising in
places to a height of 150 metres. It is covered with the vegetation
peculiar to the sandy tracts.
Bahawalnagar is one of the hottest areas in the country. Typically
the temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer.
- Unions in Bahawalnagar Government of