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Bahawalnagar District: Map

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Bahawalnagar District ( ) is a district of Punjabmarker province in Pakistanmarker. The district is situated on the border, before the independence of Pakistanmarker, Bahawal Nagar was a part of Bahawalpur state governed by the Nawab of Bahawalpur. The town of Bahawalnagarmarker is the capital of the district.

History

The Nawab of Bahawalpur announced the affiliation with Pakistanmarker because 99% of the population was Muslim. Later on, the whole state became part of the Punjabmarker province. The city is known as Shaher-e-Wafa. The old name of Bahawalnagar was Rojhan Waal".The people are very hospitable and friendly.

District boundaries

The boundaries of Bahawalnagar District in the East and South touches Indian territory while, the river Sutlejmarker flows on its Northern side from the disputed claimed area of Ferozepurmarker across which are situated Okara, Pakpattan and Vehari districts.

Administration

The District of Bahawalnagar is spread over an area of 8,878 square kilometres comprising five tehsils and 118 Union Councils:

Tehsil name No of Unions
Bahawalnagar 31
Chishtianmarker 29
Fort Abbas 16
Haroonabad 22
Minchanabadmarker 20
Total 118


Tribes and clans

Bahawal Nagar is an old district and even before partition it was the biggest district areawise in South Asia. People living here are settled since ages with rich culture and heritage. Basically people are agriculturists and during Nawab Bahawalpur rule the irrigation system was one of the largest fed by River Sutluj. Main tribes with various subtribes are;BHATTI , MAHAR,LODHI(PATHAN),Rajput, Arain, Watoo, Gorgani, Joyias, Sukheras, Khakwani, Chishti and many other small clans.Most progressive are two tribes Arain and Jatt , (Specially in Fort Abbas and Haroonabad). They are educated and enlightened.Famous political personsare (BahawalNagar: [Rao Ijaz Ali Khan xMPA PPP & District president PPP],Rao Asif Ijaz Ali Khan (PPP), Dr. Rao Tahir Mahmood , Dr. Rao Tayyab Mahmood ,Rao Zafar Mahmood Khan admin. Shoukat Hospital,Syed Mumtaz Gillani (MNA PPP), Mian Manzoor Mohal, Abdul Qadir Shaheen, S.D.Shad, Rana Abdul Rauf, Asif Ali Bhatti 0332-2009990 (Haroon Abad: Muhammad Afzal Sindhu (MNA PPP), Ch. Abdul Ghafoor (MNA PPP), Haji Yasin (Vital) , Dr. Ihsan Bari ,Dr.Syed Sami Ul Haq Shah Bukhari (Young Social Worker & Journalist), Ch. Muhammad Sharif , Ch. Azeem ullah, Mian Nazir, Shokat Basra(Fort Abbas: Ch. Arshad Leader, Sufi M Basheer, Ch. Nazir Ahmad , Zulifqar Ali Barq , Mian Iftikhar Ahmad, Rauf Khalid, Dr Ramzan , Munawar Padda, Rana Aslam Khan,Amjad Ali Cheema,Ali Akbar Vians,Muhammad Abdulah Vians,Muhammad Afzal Porewal )

Population and literacy rate

The population of Bahawalnagar, according to the 1998 Census of Pakistan, is 2,061,447 of which 18.80%. The sub-Campus of Islamia University is also located here. The literacy rate of Bahawalnagar is LESS THAN 25% and unemployment rate is much HIGHER THAN 25%.".

Now a days educational activities in the District is on the boom. Presently the MBA, BBA, M.Com. B.Com. (Honors and IT), MA English, MA Education, MA Urdu, MA Islamiyat, MA Economics, MSc Psychology, MA Punjabi, M.Ed, B.Ed and much more programmes are functional in government owned institutions.

TEVTA Bahawal Nagar is also contributing its role in uplifting the educational and technical standards in the area. Two Commerce Colleges at Bahwalnagar and Chistian Cities are performing well. Along with these GCTI, GCTI (W), GTTI are also equipping the people under the umberalla of TEVTA.

Anyhow there is a dying need of a University Sub Campus at Haroonabad city. The people of Haroonabad, Fortabbas and Dharanwal have to travel long distances even for B.Com classes. The literacy rate in Haroonabad city is the highest in district but there is no B.com programme at Govt institution level. It is requested through wikipedia to VC IUB Bahawalpur for opening of one sub campus of IUB at Haroonabad and it is also requested to the Chairman of TEVTA Lahore for launching of B.com classes immediately in Haroonabad, Fortabbass and Minchanbad.

The Government College of Commerce Bahawalnagar is the leading institution of this area offering programmes M.Com, B.Com, D.Com, and CCA. The college normally occupies positions in Top 10 positions in IUB and Punjab Board of Technical Exams. Two well equipped computer labs consisting each 50 systems remain busy from morning to night.

Now a days, students and teachers are facing a lot of difficulties in teaching and learning activities due to long hours of electricity loadsheding. Generators provisioning is recommended for the solution of this problem or educational institutions may be exempted from electricity loadsheding. A Medical and Cadet College is the thirst of people of this area.

Industry

Main Towns: Mecload Gunj ,Kharajpura, Donga Bonga, Takhat Mehal, Mandi Sadiq Gunj, Mandi Gorgan, Faqirwali, Madrisa, Dahranwala, Yateemwala, Maroot, Qaziwala and Bukhshan Khan, Bala Arain, Fateh Kot, Maharwali , Jenjeranwali and madina town.

Main Crops: Sugarcane, Cotton, Wheat, Rice, Tobacco and Mustard Seed

Main Fruits: Citrus, Guavas, Mangoes and Dates

Main Vegetables: Cauliflower, Onion, Turnip, Carrot, Potatoes and Tomatoes

Forest (Area in Acres: 24,195

Major Industries: Cotton Ginning & Pressing, Flour Mills, Marble Industry, Oil Mills, Paper & Paper Board, Rice Mills, Sugar, Tea Blending and Textile Spinning.

In The Bahwalnagar New fm Channel Super fm90.....Its Working So Heard For Civlisation Of city.

Problems

As all people know that Bahawal Nagar District belongs to Bahawal Pur State affiliated with Pakistan on October 7, 1947 despite of option, it was a rich area as Bahawal Pur State donated the Buildings of KE Medical University, Lahore (Old building) and Punjab University Old Campus and much more to the Government of Pakistan at the time of partitioning. But nowadays this district is in miserable condition. Anyhow, following problems along with their solutions are recommended.

  1. The region's problems can be overcome by establishing new agro-based industries in the city to alleviate the problem of unemployment, moreover the Government of Pakistand/Punjab should also announce tax rebates and tax holidays for at least 12 years for new industrial units for this area, if Government is sincere to reduce poverty level from this city.
  2. Another problem is drinking water. The drinking water available in this area not meet health standards and that is why the most growing disease of the district is TB. Large purification plant with proper maintenance system is immediately required.
  3. The roads leading to the district Bahawalnagar are very rough. Students of the city are very intelligent. The need of the day is to provide good transport and roads facility to the district of Punjab which is the largest district of Punjab by area.
  4. The health facilities are of very poor quality. The people have to travel to Bahwalpur, Multan, Lahore or Sahiwal cities for even minor operations to seek expert services. The Government should build and properly operate state of the art hospital for this poor area. Hospitals like Mayo Lahore, Jinnah Lahore, Sheikh Zayad Lahore, Sir Ganga Ram Lahore, only one hospital with facilities of stated these Lahore hospital can reduce about 70% health problems.


Climate and vegetation

Bahawalnagar has a very hot and dry climate in summer. The maximum temperature touches 52 °C. The climate in winter is very dry and cold. The minimum temperature recorded was 6 °C. Wind and storms are quite common during the summer. The average annual rainfall in the district is 119 mm. The district may be divided into three parts. These are the riverain area, the canal irrigated plain and the desert area. The riverain area of the district lies close to the Satluj river which flows in the North-West along its border with Okara, Pakpattan, Sahiwalmarker and Vehari districts. The land in this area is irrigated by non-perennial canals. During the summer monsoons, the area is generally in-undated by the river water. The canal irrigated area is a plain which has been brought under cultivation by the canals. The main canal which is Sadqia canal irrigate almost all the tehsils except Chishtian. This canal travels in round with the border of Pakistan and India. The desert area of the district is called the Cholistan. The surface of this desert consists of a succession of sand dunes, rising in places to a height of 150 metres. It is covered with the vegetation peculiar to the sandy tracts.

Bahawalnagar is one of the hottest areas in the country. Typically the temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer.

References

  1. Unions in Bahawalnagar Government of Pakistan
  2. Population



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