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The Bahrain World Trade Center (also called Bahrain WTC or BWTC) is a high twin tower complex located in Manamamarker, Bahrainmarker. The towers were built in 2008 by the multi-national architectural firm Atkins. It is the first skyscraper in the world to integrate wind turbines into its design.

This 50-floor structure is constructed in close proximity to the King Faisal Highway, near popular landmarks such as the towers of BFHmarker, NBB, Abraj Al Lulumarker and the scenic Pearl Roundabout. It currently ranks as the second tallest building in Bahrain, after the twin towers of the Bahrain Financial Harbourmarker. The project has received several awards for sustainability, including;
  1. The 2006 LEAF Award for Best Use of Technology within a Large Scheme.
  2. The Arab Construction World for Sustainable Design Award.


Structural details

The BWTC under construction.
The two towers are linked via three skybridges, each holding a 225KW wind turbine, totalling to 675kW of wind power production. Each of these turbines measure in diameter, and is aligned north, which is the direction from which air from the Persian Gulfmarker blows in. The sail-shaped buildings on either side are designed to funnel wind through the gap to provide accelerated wind passing through the turbines. This was confirmed by wind tunnel tests, which showed that the buildings create an S-shaped flow, ensuring that any wind coming within a 45° angle to either side of the central axis will create a wind stream that remains perpendicular to the turbines. This significantly increases their potential to generate electricity.

The wind turbines are expected to provide 11% to 15% of the towers' total power consumption, or approximately 1.1 to 1.3 GWh a year. This is equivalent to providing the lighting for about 300 homes annually. The three turbines were turned on for the first time on the 8th of April, 2008. They are expected to operate 50% of the time on an average day.

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