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The Bahujan Samaj Party ( ) is a national political party in Indiamarker with socialist leanings. It was formed to chiefly represent Bahujans, literally meaning "People in majority" i.e. OBC, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 (Buddhists, Minorities & SC, ST). The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of B. R. Ambedkar. The BSP was founded by the high-profile charismatic leader Kanshi Ram in 1984. The party's political symbol is an Elephant. In the 13th Lok Sabha (1999-2004) it had 14 (out of 545) members and in the 14th Lok Sabha had 17. The party has its main base in Uttar Pradeshmarker of Indian state, in UP the BSP has formed government several times. Mayawati is the President of the party and has been so for many years. The deep and mutual hostility between the BSP and the Samajwadi Party – the other leading state party in Uttar Pradesh, whose support is mainly obtained from the OBC has led the BSP into allying itself many times with its erstwhile ideological enemies, the BJP. On 23 June 2008, the party withdrew support of a Congress led alliance called the United Progressive UPA in the Indian Government.[48997]. It has faced widespread criticism due to its leader, Mayawati's penchant for erecting statues of herself, political mentor Kanshiram,and B.R.Ambedkar throughout the cities of Lucknow and Noida. It has also been critisised for its continuously shifting political alliances.

Success in 2007 UP assembly elections

On 11 May 2007 the Uttar Pradesh state assembly election results made BSP the first single majority party since 1991. After 15 years of hung assembly, BSP won a clear majority in India's most populated state. The BSP President Miss Mayawati began as the new Chief Minister of UP for the fourth term. She took the oath of chief minister along with 50 ministers (cabinet and state rank) on 13 May, 2007 at Rajbhawan in the state capital Lucknowmarker.

BSP is now the third largest national party of India having more than 10% vote share across the country

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