Baler is a 4th class
municipality in the province of Aurora, Philippines.
It is the capital municipality of Aurora.
According to the latest census, it has a population of 34,492
people and 5.955 members per household.
Baler is the political and economic center of Aurora. It is located some 230
kilometers northeast of Manila via a
mountain pass accessible by bus.
Baler is host to
spectacular geographic formations and is situated on a vast plain
at the mouth of Baler Bay
, a contiguous
segment of the Philippine Sea. Nine-foot high waves serve as
Baler's tourist asset, attracting hundreds of surfers in February
for the Aurora Cup.
Baler is politically subdivided into 13 barangays
- Barangay I (Pob.)
- Barangay II (Pob.)
- Barangay III (Pob.)
- Barangay IV (Pob.)
- Barangay V (Pob.)
In 1609, seven (7) Franciscan
Missionaries led by Fray Blas Palomino founded the settlement of
Baler. This small settlement was later converted into a pueblo or
town by the Augustinians
in 1658. Due to scarcity of
religious missionaries, the Franciscans again took over the
administration of the settlement in 1703. On June
, the last Spanish garrison in the
Philippines surrendered after a year-long
, effectively ending nearly 400 years of Spanish hegemony
in the archipelago.
the Americans incorporated the town to the province of Tayabas
(later named Quezon
province). Before the Americans came, Baler was under
the province of Nueva
In 1942, Japanese occupation forces entered Baler. Under by captain
Hattori, commanding the garrison of the Japanese Imperial Army
However, in 1945, The Philippine Commonwealth forces entered the
town of Baler, which was under attack by the Japanese Imperial
forces during the liberation. And the American troops was landed in
Baler Bay was coutinued to the Filipino troops on Baler. The San
Luis de Tolosa church in Baler was destroyed from the Japanese
forces. The Philippine Commonwealth troops achieved victory from
On June 14
virtue of Republic Act No. 648, Baler became the capital town of the
sub-province (and later, province) of Aurora.
Comedia de Baler
The Comedia de Baler of Aurora mounted its first production in
1927. It was supported by then president Manuel Quezon and enjoyed
the collaboration of artists Fortunato Esoreña and Alejandro
Ferreras and arnis expert Antonino Ramos. Still alive until today,
the group boasts of using real weapons in their plays.
- Baler Church - (famous for the Siege
of Baler in 1898-1899 between the Philippine Revolutionary
forces and Spanish troops during the Philippine Revolution and Spanish-American War) The original
structure was destroyed in the Battle of Baler in 1945 between the
Philippine Commonwealth troops and the Japanese Imperial forces
during World War II)
- Quezon Park - (The birthplace of President Manuel L.
- Baler Bay
- Dicaloyungan Picnic Zone
- Ermita Hill
- Aniao Islets
- Cemento Beach
- Dicasalarin Beach
- Lieutenant Saturnino Martín Cerezo surrender after 337
days of siege