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Ball High School is a public secondary school in Galvestonmarker, Texasmarker, United Statesmarker. Ball, which covers grades 9 through 12, is a part of Galveston Independent School District.

Ball High School serves the cities of Galveston and Jamaica Beachmarker and the unincorporated communities of Port Bolivarmarker and Crystal Beachmarker on the Bolivar Peninsulamarker. The school mascot is the Tornado.


Gift to Galveston

In 1881, the citizens of Galveston, authorized by the legislative act of 1879 which specified that all cities of a certain size could initiate and maintain their own school system, organized a public school district and elected a board of trustees. Some 20 teachers were employed to teach students in grades one through seven. Prior to this time, all education in Galveston was private or parochial.

In the summer of 1883, a local dry goods businessman, George Ball, communicated his intention to support the establishment of a public high school in Galveston via a brief and simple note to the Galveston City Council. It read: "If the authorities of this city will furnish appropriate and sufficient grounds centrally located, I will contribute $50,000 for the erection of a building to be permanently dedicated to the use of the public free schools of the City of Galveston...I will be pleased to carry [this proposal] into the earliest effect with the hope that it may prove useful to the community with which I have been long identified and whose future welfare I most earnestly desire."

Ball's offer was accepted, and the cornerstone for what would become Ball High School in Galveston was laid on February 15, 1884. Contrary to custom, which places the cornerstone in the northeast corner of the building, it was placed at the southwest corner of the main portion of the building. It is a block of Dupree stone, upon the open sides of which are carved simply the words, "George Ball to the Children of Galveston." Articles placed in the cornerstone included photos of Mr. and Mrs. George Ball, autographs of the children attending public schools, the city directory, photos of the teachers, and a floor plan of Ball High School.

Ball died on March 11, 1884, without seeing his gift completed.

The new public high school in Galveston opened its doors to 200 pupils on October 1, 1884, with a building consisting of 12 classrooms, two offices and an auditorium, and with the motto "Best school south of St. Louis and west of the Mississippi."

On March 4 1886, the school was named in memory of its benefactor.

Early years of the school

The Class of 1887 represented the first graduating class of Ball High School. The school served students in grades eight through twelve. Early curriculum for Ball High School students included English, history, algebra, arithmetic, physical geography, Latin, civil government, trigonometry, physics, political economy, chemistry, mental philosophy and physiology.

In 1890, Mrs. George Ball spent $47,000 to remodel, enlarge and beautify the building, which bore her husband's name. At this time, the Rotunda and Dome were added to the north front of the building.

In September 1900, the great hurricane struck and Ball High School was not spared from the fury of its waves and wind. The west wall slipped; the roof blew off; plaster crumbled; windowpanes crashed; and the metal covering was stripped from the ball of the dome, showing its skeleton of steel ribs. In the storm's aftermath, citizens of the City of Galveston contributed and raised the $45,000 required to repair the high school and the other Galveston schools and also to pay the teacher's salaries. Because of the devastating loss of life and property during the storm, school attendance decreased by some 25 percent, creating an excess of teachers. Other Texas communities came to the rescue in many ways, perhaps most importantly by providing jobs to these Galveston teachers whose services were no longer needed in the island community.

While Ball High School was undergoing massive repair, students reported to the campus known as the "K" school, today the site of San Jacinto Elementary School.

By the fall of 1901, all classes were again held at the Ball High building. The school population had increased dramatically by 1915, and two wings were added to the building to accommodate the many students. The six new classrooms eased the overcrowding for a time, but by 1924 overcrowding was again a problem for students and faculty.

The wings, added in 1915, were now extended in order to provide additional classroom space. For the next 30 years, no additions or improvements were made to the building on 21st and Ball Avenue. The main Ball High School building, remodeled and expanded still stands today and houses the home offices of the American Indemnity Company.

A new location

Ball High School Today
Bill Cherry wrote in a 2004 Galveston County Daily News article that, by the 1950s, Ball High School "was not only horribly congested, but the building was in deplorable condition, the victim of years and years of deferred maintenance."

In 1954, the Ball High School complex moved to its new location, constructed in 1952 , at 41st street and Avenue O. This building cost $3.2 million and covered a four-square block area-41st to 43rd Streets and Avenue O to Avenue P. The new location received additions and renovations in 1964, 1974, 1981, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2004, and 2005.

In the late 1960s, Ball high merged with Central High School, the first black high school in Texas, founded in 1885. Then in the early 1970s, the ninth grade was moved to the high school campus. This reorganization created the need for the merging of the former Sam Houston Junior High School at 4116 Avenue N-1/2, and the main high school structure, at 4115 Avenue O, into the two campus Ball High School which still serves the students of Galveston today. The original campus is often referred to as Ball High South, while the former Sam Houston campus is familiarly known as Ball High North.

In 1968 Central High School, the high school for African-Americans, consolidated into Ball High School. In the mid-1970s, a state-of-the-art media center was added at Ball High South campus and air-conditioning was installed for the first time. The forty-year-old school received a major $1.5 million renovation and update in 1980. The most recent repairs, in 2004 and 2005, were made possible through school bonds which were in political standstill for seven years.

In the 2000s, rising real estate costs in Galveston forced many families to move to other areas, including League Citymarker, Texas Citymarker, and La Marquemarker. This meant an influx of children out of Galveston ISD and into other school districts. If Hurricane Katrina evacuees and out-of-district students are excluded, Galveston ISD lost 12% of its students between the 2002-2003 school year and the 2006-2007 school year; Ball High School is affected as it is the only public high school in Galveston. .

Ike: A Documentary

Students of Ball High School's Hurricane Story Tellers (Advanced Media Technology Class) are currently in production of a Hurricane Ike documentary entitled IKE: A DOCUMENTARY - The Story of a Torn City Rebuilt by Everyday Heroes. The film is about Galvestonmarker residents and businesses post Hurricane Ike, and how they must come together to help rebuild Galveston. The class headed by Galvestonian Robert Weiss began to film in October 2008 and is expected to finish in early May 2009. The film contains interviews and footage of Galveston mayor Lyda Ann Thomas.

Standardized dress

Ball High School adopted a strict dress code starting in fall 2006 . The dress code as of June 2007 has been posted with no significant (if any) changes.

Students may wear solid colored or striped polo shirts or turtlenecks. Students may also wear dark solid colored trousers or blue denim jeans. Hoodies are now dubbed suitable for school dress as long as the student refrains from wearing the hood over the head.

Feeder patterns

All Galveston ISD elementary and middle schools feed into Ball High School.

See also

External links


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