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The Ballon d'Or  trophy.
The " ", " ", referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award, is an annual association football award. It is presented to the player who has been considered to have performed the best over the previous calendar year. The award was conceived by France Football's chief magazine writer Gabriel Hanot, who asked his colleagues to vote for the player of the year in Europe in 1956. The inaugural winner was Stanley Matthews of Blackpool.

Originally, journalists could only vote for European players at European clubs, meaning that players like Diego Maradona and Pelé were ineligible for the award. In 1995, there was a change in the rules to allow non-European players to be eligible for the award if they played for a European club. The first non-European to win after the rule change was Milan's George Weah in the same year. The rules were changed again in 2007 so that players of any nationality and from any club around the world could be eligible for the award. As a result, the number of journalists allowed to vote also increased; 96 journalists from around the world chose their top five players, as opposed to the 52 Europe based journalists in 2006.

Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini, and Marco van Basten. Platini is the only player to have won the award three times in a row; he won the award from 1983 to 1985. Ronaldo became the first Brazilianmarker to win the award in 1997, after non-Europeans were made eligible. With seven awards each, Dutch and German players have won the Ballon d'Or the most. Italian clubs Juventus and Milan have had the most winners; six players have won eight awards while playing for the club. The most recent recipient of the Ballon d'Or is Lionel Messi.

Winners

Year Place Player Nationality Club Points Notes
1956 1st Stanley Matthews Blackpool 47
2nd Alfredo di Stéfano Real Madrid 44
3rd Raymond Kopa Real Madrid 33
1957 1st Alfredo di Stéfano Real Madrid 72
2nd Billy Wright Wolverhampton Wanderers 19
3rd= Duncan Edwards Manchester United 16
3rd= Raymond Kopa Real Madrid 16
1958 1st Raymond Kopa Real Madrid 71
2nd Helmut Rahn Rot-Weiss Essen 40
3rd Just Fontaine Stade Reims 23
1959 1st Alfredo di Stéfano Real Madrid 80
2nd Raymond Kopa Real Madrid 42
3rd John Charles Juventus 24
1960 1st Luis Suárez Barcelona 54
2nd Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid 37
3rd Uwe Seeler Hamburg 33
1961 1st Omar Sívori Juventus 46
2nd Luis Suárez Internazionale 40
3rd Johnny Haynes Fulham 22
1962 1st Josef Masopust Dukla Prague 65
2nd Eusébio Benfica 53
3rd Karl-Heinz Schnellinger Köln 33
1963 1st Lev Yashin Dynamo Moscow 73
2nd Gianni Rivera Milan 55
3rd Jimmy Greaves Tottenham Hotspur 50
1964 1st Denis Law Manchester United 61
2nd Luis Suárez Internazionale 43
3rd Amancio Real Madrid 38
1965 1st Eusébio Benfica 67
2nd Giacinto Facchetti Internazionale 59
3rd Luis Suárez Internazionale 45
1966 1st Bobby Charlton Manchester United 81
2nd Eusébio Benfica 80
3rd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich 59
1967 1st Flórián Albert Ferencváros 68
2nd Bobby Charlton Manchester United 40
3rd Jimmy Johnstone Celtic 39
1968 1st George Best Manchester United 61
2nd Bobby Charlton Manchester United 53
3rd Dragan Džajić Red Star Belgrade 46
1969 1st Gianni Rivera Milan 83
2nd Luigi Riva Cagliari 79
3rd Gerd Müller Bayern Munich 38
1970 1st Gerd Müller Bayern Munich 77
2nd Bobby Moore West Ham United 70
3rd Luigi Riva Cagliari 65
1971 1st Johan Cruyff Ajax 116
2nd Sandro Mazzola Internazionale 57
3rd George Best Manchester United 56
1972 1st Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich 81
2nd= Gerd Müller Bayern Munich 79
2nd= Günter Netzer Borussia Mönchengladbach 79
1973 1st Johan Cruyff Barcelona 96
2nd Dino Zoff Juventus 47
3rd Gerd Müller Bayern Munich 44
1974 1st Johan Cruyff Barcelona 116
2nd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich 105
3rd Kazimierz Deyna Legia Warsaw 35
1975 1st Oleg Blokhin Dynamo Kyiv 122
2nd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich 42
3rd Johan Cruyff Barcelona 27
1976 1st Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich 91
2nd Rob Rensenbrink Anderlecht 75
3rd Ivo Viktor Dukla Prague 52
1977 1st Allan Simonsen Borussia Mönchengladbach 74
2nd Kevin Keegan Hamburg 71
3rd Michel Platini Nancy 70
1978 1st Kevin Keegan Hamburg 87
2nd Hans Krankl Barcelona 81
3rd Rob Rensenbrink Anderlecht 50
1979 1st Kevin Keegan Hamburg 118
2nd Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich 52
3rd Ruud Krol Ajax 41
1980 1st Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich 122
2nd Bernd Schuster Barcelona 34
3rd Michel Platini Saint-Étienne 33
1981 1st Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich 106
2nd Paul Breitner Bayern Munich 64
3rd Bernd Schuster Barcelona 39
1982 1st Paolo Rossi Juventus 115
2nd Alain Giresse Bordeaux 64
3rd Zbigniew Boniek Juventus 53
1983 1st Michel Platini Juventus 110
2nd Kenny Dalglish Liverpool 26
3rd Allan Simonsen Vejle 25
1984 1st Michel Platini Juventus 128
2nd Jean Tigana Bordeaux 57
3rd Preben Elkjær Verona 48
1985 1st Michel Platini Juventus 127
2nd Preben Elkjær Verona 71
3rd Bernd Schuster Barcelona 46
1986 1st Igor Belanov Dynamo Kyiv 84
2nd Gary Lineker Barcelona 62
3rd Emilio Butragueño Real Madrid 59
1987 1st Ruud Gullit Milan 106
2nd Paulo Futre Atlético Madrid 91
3rd Emilio Butragueño Real Madrid 61
1988 1st Marco van Basten Milan 129
2nd Ruud Gullit Milan 88
3rd Frank Rijkaard Milan 45
1989 1st Marco van Basten Milan 119
2nd Franco Baresi Milan 80
3rd Frank Rijkaard Milan 43
1990 1st Lothar Matthäus Internazionale 137
2nd Salvatore Schillaci Juventus 84
3rd Andreas Brehme Internazionale 68
1991 1st Jean-Pierre Papin Marseille 141
2nd= Dejan Savićević Red Star Belgrade 42
2nd= Darko Pančev Red Star Belgrade 42
2nd= Lothar Matthäus Internazionale 42
1992 1st Marco van Basten Milan 98
2nd Hristo Stoichkov Barcelona 80
3rd Dennis Bergkamp Ajax 53
1993 1st Roberto Baggio Juventus 142
2nd Dennis Bergkamp Internazionale 83
3rd Eric Cantona Manchester United 34
1994 1st Hristo Stoichkov Barcelona 210
2nd Roberto Baggio Juventus 136
3rd Paolo Maldini Milan 109
1995 1st George Weah Milan 144
2nd Jürgen Klinsmann Bayern Munich 108
3rd Jari Litmanen Ajax 67
1996 1st Matthias Sammer Borussia Dortmund 144
2nd Ronaldo Barcelona 143
3rd Alan Shearer Newcastle United 107
1997 1st Ronaldo Internazionale 222
2nd Predrag Mijatović Real Madrid 68
3rd Zinedine Zidane Juventus 63
1998 1st Zinedine Zidane Juventus 244
2nd Davor Šuker Real Madrid 68
3rd Ronaldo Internazionale 66
1999 1st Rivaldo Barcelona 219
2nd David Beckham Manchester United 154
3rd Andriy Shevchenko Milan 64
2000 1st Luís Figo Real Madrid 197
2nd Zinedine Zidane Juventus 181
3rd Andriy Shevchenko Milan 85
2001 1st Michael Owen Liverpool 176
2nd Raúl Real Madrid 140
3rd Oliver Kahn Bayern Munich 114
2002 1st Ronaldo Real Madrid 169
2nd Roberto Carlos Real Madrid 145
3rd Oliver Kahn Bayern Munich 110
2003 1st Pavel Nedvěd Juventus 190
2nd Thierry Henry Arsenal 128
3rd Paolo Maldini Milan 123
2004 1st Andriy Shevchenko Milan 175
2nd Deco Barcelona 139
3rd Ronaldinho Barcelona 133
2005 1st Ronaldinho Barcelona 225
2nd Frank Lampard Chelsea 148
3rd Steven Gerrard Liverpool 142
2006 1st Fabio Cannavaro Real Madrid 173
2nd Gianluigi Buffon Juventus 124
3rd Thierry Henry Arsenal 121
2007 1st Kaká Milan 444
2nd Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United 277
3rd Lionel Messi Barcelona 255
2008 1st Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United 446
2nd Lionel Messi Barcelona 281
3rd Fernando Torres Liverpool 179
2009 1st Lionel Messi Barcelona 473
2nd Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 233
3rd Xavi Barcelona 170


By player

Player Total
Country Players Total
5 7
3 7
4 6
4 5
4 5
5 5
3 3
3 3
2 3
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1


By club

Club Players Total
Juventus 6 8
Milan 6 8
Barcelona 6 7
Real Madrid 5 6
Bayern Munich 3 5
Manchester United 4 4
Dynamo Kyiv 2 2
Internazionale 2 2
Hamburg 1 2
Blackpool 1 1
Dukla Prague 1 1
Dynamo Moscow 1 1
Benfica 1 1
Ferencváros 1 1
Ajax 1 1
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 1
Marseille 1 1
Borussia Dortmund 1 1
Liverpool 1 1


See also



Notes

A. Despite being born in Argentinamarker, Alfredo di Stefano acquired Spanish citizenship in 1956, and went on to play for the Spanish national football team.

B. Despite being born in Argentina, Omar Sívori acquired Italian citizenship in 1961, and went on to play for the Italian national football team.

C. Johan Cruyff was signed by Barcelona from Ajax mid-way through 1973.

D. Gary Lineker was signed by Barcelona from Everton mid-way through 1986.

E. Ruud Gullit was signed by Milan from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1987.

F. George Weah was signed by Milan from Paris Saint-Germain mid-way through 1995.

G. Ronaldo was signed by Internazionale from Barcelona mid-way through 1997.

H. Luís Figo was signed by Real Madrid from Barcelona mid-way through 2000.

I. Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Internazionale mid-way through 2002.

J. Deco was signed by Barcelona from Porto mid-way through 2004.

K. Fabio Cannavaro was signed by Real Madrid from Juventus mid-way through 2006.

L. Cristiano Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Manchester United mid-way through 2009.



References

General


Specific


External links




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