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Baltimore ( ) is located in western County Corkmarker, Irelandmarker. Baltimore is the principal village of the parish of Rath and the Islands, the southern most parish in Ireland. It is the main ferry port to Sherkin Island, Cape Clear Island and the eastern side of Roaring Water Bay (Loch Trasna) and Carbery's Hundred Isles.Although the name Baltimore is an anglicisation of Irish words ( ) meaning "Town of the Big House", the Irish-language name for Baltimore is that of the O'Driscoll castle, Dún na Séad ("Fort of the Jewels"). The recently restored castle is open to the public and overlooks the town. The town's name is properly pronounced differently ( ) from Baltimoremarker in the US ( ).

History

Baltimore, West Cork (2005)
Baltimore was sacked in 1631 by Algerianmarker pirates, and reminders of the incident still exist in the form of pub names, like "The Algiers Inn". It is believed that Napoleon obtained his famous white mare from the area.

The title of Baron Baltimore was derived from the Irish Baltimore. In turn, the now much bigger and better-known Baltimore, Marylandmarker in the United States got its name from Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, and is thus indirectly named for the Irish one.

Places of interest

One of the most notable landmarks in the area is the Baltimore Beaconmarker, also known as Lot's Wife. This large stone structure at the entrance to Baltimore Harbour was originally built at the order of the Britishmarker government after the 1798 rebellion. It was part of a series of lighthouses and beacons dotted around the Irish coast, forming a warning system.

Tourism

Baltimore attracts many visitors from within Ireland and the population booms in summer months due to the large number of summer homes that have been built in the area in the last ten years. Baltimore also attracts visitors from elsewhere in Europe and the world, particularly those interested in seafaring.Baltimore has also became a very popular venue for scuba diving, due largely to the number and variety of shipwrecks in the bay. These include a World War Two submarine (The U-260) and the bulk carrier Kowloon Bridgemarker.

Transport



See also



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References




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