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Baltra Island, or Isla Baltra, is a small island of the Gal√°pagos Islandsmarker. Also known as South Seymour (named after Lord Hugh Seymour), Baltra is a small flat island located near the center of the Gal√°pagos. It was created by geological uplift. The island is very arid and vegetation consists of salt bushes, prickly pear cactus and palo santo trees.

Airport

During World War II Baltra was established as a US Air Force Base. Crews stationed at Baltra patrolled the eastern Pacific for enemy submarines and provided protection for the Panama Canalmarker.

Image:US Army Airfield on Baltra.jpg|Airbase on Baltra in World War IIImage:BALTRA-2b.jpg|Aerial view

After the war the facilities were given to the government of Ecuadormarker. Today the island continues as an official Ecuadorian military base. The foundations and other remains of the US base can still be seen on the island.

Until 1986, Seymour Airportmarker was the only airport serving the Galápagos. Now there are two airports which receive flights from the continent, the other located on San Cristóbal Islandmarker. Private planes flying to the islands must fly to Baltra as it is the only airport with overnight facilities for planes.

On arriving into Baltra, all visitors are immediately transported by bus to one of two docks. The first dock is located in a small bay where the boats cruising the Gal√°pagos await passengers. The second is a ferry dock which connects Baltra to the island of Santa Cruzmarker via the Itabaca Channel.

In 2007, Baltra Airport began remodeling to include additional restaurants, shops and an improved visitor area. The remodeling was expected to be finished by late 2008. As of November 2009 the work appears to have been abandoned. Graphics of the new, greatly enlarged airport terminal are displayed in the current wooden building, but no work is underway. This article implies it could be finished in 2011. Its statement on the new fuel storage facilities are correct

Wildlife

Baltra is currently not within the boundaries of the Galapagos National Parkmarker. The Galapagos Land Iguana is the subject of an active re-introduction campaign on the island; it became extinct on Baltra in 1954. However, in the early 1930s, Captain G. Allan Hancock had translocated a population of Galapagos Land Iguanas from Baltra to North Seymour Island, a smaller island just a few hundred metres north of Baltra. The iguanas survived and became the breeding stock for the successful Charles Darwin Research Station captive breeding program. During the 1980s iguanas from North Seymour were brought to the Darwin Research Station as part of this project and in the 1990s land iguanas were reintroduced to Baltra. As of 1997 scientists counted 97 iguanas living on Baltra 13 of which were born on the islands. Currently it is not uncommon to see iguanas either crossing the mainroad or on the runway at the airport.

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